Litoral Sur (South Litoral)

Litoral Sur (South Litoral)

31°20′54″S

LATITUDE

53°48′40″ W

LONGITUDE

3

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about this region

Litoral Sur borders the Litoral Norte region to the north, the Centro region to the northeast, the Metropolitan region to the southeast and the department of Montevideo to the south. In addition, it includes the departments of Colonia, Río Negro and Soriano.

According to an INAVI report, in 2022, this region had 77 vineyards. Most of these were located in Colonia, a department with 74 vineyards planted on 299 hectares. This made it the region with the third largest number of vineyards planted, representing 6.6% of the vineyards in Uruguay.  The remaining three vineyards were in Soriano, planted on 3 hectares. In 2022, the Rio Negro region had no planted vineyards.

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302

Vineyard Hectares

18

WINERIES

-

growing degree days

Discover Terroir

Litoral Sur is one of the most important regions for Uruguayan viticulture. It borders to the north with the Litoral Norte region, to the northeast with the Centro region, to the southeast with the Metropolitan region and to the south with the department of Montevideo. It includes the departments of Colonia, Río Negro and Soriano.

The climate of this region is temperate, however it also receives strong influences from the Uruguay River and the Rio de la Plata, due to its proximity to them.

Regarding the soils, in this region there is a great concentration of calcareous, clayey, silty and sandy soils. These have a large amount of accumulated sedimentary deposits from the rivers.

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Most Planted Red Grapes Varieties: Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir, Tannat

Most Planted White Grapes Varieties: Ugni Blanc

Although this region produces high quality wines with the Tannat and Ugni Blanc varieties (the most cultivated in Uruguay), one of the wines that distinguish the region is Cabernet Sauvignon. This is because it is a late variety, and the temperate climate of the Southern Litoral provides the ideal conditions for its cultivation, as it allows the grapes to ripen more slowly and, therefore, develop their organoleptic characteristics even more. The result is a wine with a fruity profile, in which notes of black cherry, black currant or even pepper can be found.

altitude

<200 m

rain

800 - 1,200 mm

soil

Calcareous, clay, silt and sandy soils with sedimentary deposits

top varietal

Tannat and Ugni Blanc

History of wine

This wine region has a very interesting history linked to viticulture. Already in the first wine records of 1898 the region represented almost 15% of the viticulture in Uruguay, thanks to its 836 hectares of vineyards distributed among the departments of Colonia, Soriano and San Jose. However, between 1898 and 1930 there was a curious fact: while the cultivated area of vineyards increased by 40%, the area it represented in Uruguay decreased by 10%, which indicates that it did not have as significant progress as other regions. This also translated into a decrease in the participation in the total volume of wine produced: for example, Colonia, which until 1898 represented 11% of the total production, saw this number reduced to 4% until 1930.

However, from 1930 until the end of the twentieth century, the region managed to have a gradual growth, to position itself as the second most important region for the wine industry, which allowed it to have, for example, during 2022, 110 vineyards, of which 74 were concentrated in Colonia and 3 in the department of Soriano.


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