Terre Aquilane IGP

Terre Aquilane IGP

42° 21' 1.08" N


13° 23' 59.64" E




about this subregion

The Terre Aquilane IGP (Indicazione Geografica Protetta) is a wine region in Abruzzo, Italy. Nestled between the rugged Apennine Mountains and the Adriatic Sea, this region enjoys a unique terroir that significantly contributes to the complexity and richness of the wines produced here. A harmonious blend of maritime and mountainous climates blesses the vineyards with warm days and cool nights, facilitating the slow, steady ripening of grapes. This results in wines that are balanced, aromatic, and reflective of their environment.

At the heart of Terre Aquilane IGP are the key grape varieties that express the essence of this unique terroir. Pecorino, an indigenous white grape, produces wines that are floral, crisp, and imbued with minerality, perfectly capturing the maritime influences. Merlot adds a plush, fruity profile, with flavors that range from black cherry to herbal notes. Cabernet Sauvignon, renowned for its aging potential, contributes structure and complex aromas like blackcurrant and green bell pepper. Finally, Montepulciano, a native red grape, is the backbone of many Terre Aquilane IGP wines, offering juicy, robust flavors of dark fruit, along with smoky, peppery nuances.

In summary, Terre Aquilane IGP is a reflection of the dynamic interplay between nature and culture in the Abruzzo region. Whether one seeks the indigenous character of Pecorino and Montepulciano or the international appeal of Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon, these wines offer a versatile palette that complements a broad spectrum of culinary delights, all while embodying the unique conditions of their birthplace.


vinerra illustration

Vineyard Hectares





Discover Terroir

The Terre Aquilane IGP is situated in the captivating region of Abruzzo, central Italy, an area that effortlessly blends natural beauty with rich viticultural traditions. Nestled between the rugged Apennine Mountains and the Adriatic Sea, this unique wine-producing area offers a splendid tapestry of landscapes that shape the character of its wines.

The western edge is dominated by the towering peaks of the Apennine range, where vineyards lie on steep slopes, reaping the benefits of elevation and cool mountain air. This highland terrain provides excellent drainage and varying microclimates, ideal for grapes that require a steady, slow ripening process. On the eastern side, the land gradually descends toward the Adriatic coastline, where vineyards are exposed to maritime influences. The sea breezes and moderate climate here lend themselves to grape varieties that thrive on the juxtaposition of warm days and cool nights.

In between these two natural boundaries lies a patchwork of rolling hills, river valleys, and ancient plateaus. This is where varying soil types—from sandy loam to rocky clay—offer an intricate canvas for grape growing. Here, vineyards often coexist with olive groves, forests, and fields of wild herbs, creating a holistic agricultural landscape that speaks to the region's farming heritage.

The harmonious interplay between these diverse landscapes not only enriches the terroir but also imbues the wines of Terre Aquilane IGP with a multifaceted character. The complex topography results in a myriad of microclimates and soil types, allowing a broad range of grape varieties to flourish, each capturing a unique essence of this captivating region.

The climate of the Terre Aquilane IGP is a rich symphony of natural elements, each contributing distinct notes that shape the area's unique terroir. Serving as a climatic bridge between the imposing Apennine Mountains and the serene Adriatic Sea, this region features an intricate dance between maritime and mountainous influences that imbues its wines with unparalleled complexity.

During the daytime, the sun bathes the vineyards in a warm, golden embrace, providing the grapes with ample opportunities to accumulate sugars and develop rich flavors. But unlike other sun-drenched regions, Terre Aquilane enjoys the moderating effects of both mountain and sea. In the higher altitudes, the crisp mountain air acts as a natural coolant, preserving acidity and aromatic compounds in grapes like Pecorino and Cabernet Sauvignon. As the sun descends, cool winds funnel through the mountain passes, mingling with the vineyards and creating pockets of refreshingly cool air that help to slow down the ripening process, allowing for a more nuanced flavor development.

Conversely, closer to the Adriatic coast, the sea breezes perform their own magic. These gentle winds temper the heat, especially during the crucial summer months, and bring with them a touch of salinity and moisture. The result is a fine balance between ripeness and acidity, as grapes like Merlot and Montepulciano luxuriate in the extended growing season. The maritime influence adds subtle saline and mineral tones to the wine, complementing its fruity and floral aromatics.

It's not just the winds and temperatures that set this region apart; the diurnal temperature variation—meaning the difference between daytime highs and nighttime lows—is a significant player as well. This wide temperature swing concentrates the grape flavors and enhances aroma retention, resulting in wines with layered complexity and aromatic richness.

In essence, the climate of the Terre Aquilane IGP is an eloquent dialogue between the land and the sky, the mountains and the sea. It's a climate of contrasts and harmonies, of challenges and gifts. Each vineyard, depending on its proximity to these natural elements, narrates a different chapter of the region's climatic story, making Terre Aquilane wines a fascinating anthology of tastes, aromas, and sensations.

The soils of the Terre Aquilane IGP in Abruzzo offer a complex and diverse range of characteristics, each contributing distinct elements to the flavor profiles and complexities of the wines produced here. Whether it's the rocky high-altitude terrains or the sandy coastal plains, the soil types of this region serve as the foundational canvases on which the grapes paint their aromatic and textural intricacies.

  1. Clayey Soil: Predominantly found in the hilly inland areas, the clayey soils are known for their water-retention capabilities, providing a sustained supply of moisture to the vine roots. These soils often yield wines that are rich, full-bodied, and high in tannins. Clay soils are particularly good for red grape varieties like Montepulciano, contributing to the grape's inherently robust and structured profile.
  2. Sandy Loam: Closer to the Adriatic coast, sandy loam soils are more common. These well-draining soils are perfect for grape varieties that require a lighter touch, offering quick drainage and less water retention. Wines from sandy loam soils often exhibit bright fruit flavors and higher acidity, making them incredibly food-friendly. White grape varieties like Pecorino thrive in these soils, resulting in wines with crisp acidity and minerality.
  3. Calcareous Soil: In some pockets of the region, you will find calcareous or limestone-based soils, which bring their own unique characteristics to the vineyard. These soils are high in mineral content, which often results in wines with added complexity and a distinctive mineral undertone. Grape varieties like Cabernet Sauvignon, known for their depth and structure, benefit from the complexity and drainage provided by calcareous soils.
  4. Rocky Soil: In higher altitudes closer to the Apennine Mountains, the soils often contain a greater proportion of rocks and gravel. This rocky composition allows for excellent drainage, which in turn stresses the vines just enough to produce grapes with concentrated flavors. The conditions are ideal for grapes like Merlot, which achieve a good balance of sugar and acidity in these soils, leading to well-rounded and complex wines.
  5. Alluvial Soil: Found mainly in the river valleys that crisscross the region, alluvial soils are a mixture of sand, silt, and clay. These soils are highly fertile and offer good water retention while still providing adequate drainage. They're highly versatile, suitable for a wide range of grape varieties, and contribute to the overall balance and fruit-forward nature of the wines.


The Terre Aquilane IGP is not just a label; it's a testament to the quality and diversity of grapes that thrive in the Abruzzo region of central Italy. Situated between the Apennine Mountains and the Adriatic Sea, the vineyards bask in a microclimate marked by warm days and cool nights. The soil varies from sandy loam to rocky clay, providing an intricate tapestry for the growth of several grape varieties. Among the most celebrated are Pecorino, Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Montepulciano.

  1. Pecorino: A native white grape variety, Pecorino is the epitome of freshness and complexity. This grape typically produces wines with a high acidity and a bright, pale color. On the nose, Pecorino wines are often marked by floral notes such as jasmine, coupled with citrus elements like lemon zest. When sipped, the wines reveal a layered aromatic profile, featuring green apple and pear, all underlined by a crisp minerality that beautifully captures the maritime influences of the region.
  2. Merlot: Known for its versatility and approachability, Merlot in the Terre Aquilane IGP context develops a plush, fruit-forward character. The wines typically present a deep ruby color and offer aromas of black cherry, plum, and sometimes herbal undertones like bay leaf. On the palate, Merlot from this region is round and velvety, exhibiting flavors of ripe red and black fruits, complemented by soft tannins and a balanced acidity.
  3. Cabernet Sauvignon: A grape with a reputation for producing wines of structure and depth, Cabernet Sauvignon thrives in the Terre Aquilane IGP region. This grape produces wines of a deep garnet hue, featuring a complex bouquet of blackcurrant, green bell pepper, and sometimes even leather or tobacco. Flavor-wise, these wines are robust and tannic, often requiring some years of aging to fully express notes of dark fruits, spice, and sometimes mineral undertones.
  4. Montepulciano: Native to central Italy, Montepulciano is a red grape variety that is a staple in Terre Aquilane IGP wines. Its wines usually display a deep, inky color and exude aromas of dark fruits like blackberry, along with smoky, peppery nuances. The palate reveals a juicy, robust character with flavors of dark cherries, plum, and hints of tobacco, underpinned by solid tannins and a pleasing acidity.

The wines under the Terre Aquilane IGP designation from the Abruzzo region of Italy offer a rich tapestry of styles, flavors, and aromatic profiles. From whites and rosés to reds and passito wines, this appellation showcases a broad array of grape compositions. The region's unique terroir—marked by its diverse climatic conditions and a variety of soil types—plays a crucial role in shaping the characteristics of these wines. Below, we delve into the different types of wines that fall under this esteemed label.

  1. Bianco: Created from any proportions of grape varieties approved for the province of Abruzzo, Bianco wines can be a complex blend or a single varietal expression. Generally, these wines are known for their light, refreshing palate with undertones of green apple, citrus, and sometimes tropical fruits. The nose may offer floral and mineral accents, making it an excellent companion for seafood and light pasta dishes.
  2. Bianco Varietals: Composed mainly of at least 85% from a range of white grapes such as Pecorino, Chardonnay, or Sauvignon Blanc, these wines are distinctively expressive. The aromatic profile can range from intense floral notes in Gewürztraminer to the lush, fruity aromas in Chardonnay. Flavors may include stone fruits, citrus, or even exotic fruits, depending on the primary grape variety.
  3. Rosato: Made from any approved grape varieties in Abruzzo, Rosato wines offer a palate ranging from dry to sweet, capturing flavors of red berries, citrus, and often a touch of minerality. Aromatically, they can be floral or fruity, with nuances of rose petal or strawberry often detectable. These wines are versatile, pairing well with a wide range of cuisines.
  4. Rosso: These red wines can be crafted from any mix of approved grape varieties. The flavors and aromas are usually robust, featuring dark fruits like plum and blackberry, accompanied by herbal or spicy undertones. Tannins are generally well-structured, offering potential for aging. They make excellent companions to meat dishes and hearty stews.
  5. Rosso Varietals: The most common red varietals from the region are Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, or Sangiovese. The aromatic profile might include anything from the green bell pepper notes of Cabernet to the cherry and tobacco nuances of Sangiovese. The palate is equally complex, offering a blend of fruit, spice, and sometimes leather or smoke.
  6. Bianco Passito: Made from any approved grape varieties, these are sweet, concentrated wines produced by drying the grapes to intensify their sugar content. Aromas of dried fruit, honey, and sometimes floral notes dominate the nose. The palate can be lush and unctuous, with flavors of apricot, raisin, and sweet spices.
  7. Rosso Passito: These are also made from approved grape varieties and are sweet red wines. Aromatic complexity includes dried fruits like figs and dates, with additional layers of spice or chocolate. The palate is rich and velvety, with a long, satisfying finish that often features notes of caramel or molasses.