Campi Flegrei

Campi Flegrei







about this subregion

Nestled in the embrace of the Bay of Naples in southern Italy, the Campi Flegrei DOC (Denominazione di Origine Controllata) is a tapestry of history, volcanic soils, and world-class viticulture. Its name, translating to "Burning Fields", alludes to the region's volcanic origins, with the terroir here deeply influenced by intense geothermal activity from ages past.

The environment of Campi Flegrei is both a challenge and a boon for winemakers. The mineral-rich volcanic soils lend the wines their distinctive profiles, imbued with flavors that are as evocative as they are unique. The Mediterranean climate, marked by warm summers and mild winters, allows for a consistent ripening of grapes, revealing nuanced flavors and aromas.

At the heart of Campi Flegrei's wine reputation are its grape varieties. For red wines, Aglianico stands out, a grape known for producing robust, full-bodied wines with depth and longevity. It shares the stage with Piedirosso, a grape that's often blended with Aglianico to impart softness and early-drinking appeal. On the white wine front, Falanghina takes the spotlight. This indigenous grape variety yields wines that are aromatic and fresh, with notes of citrus, white flowers, and often a distinct mineral undertone, mirroring the very soils they grow in.

Together, the environment and grape varieties of Campi Flegrei DOC craft a wine experience that is a harmonious blend of nature's elements and human expertise.


vinerra illustration

Vineyard Hectares





Discover Terroir

The Campi Flegrei DOC, nestled within the captivating Campania region of Italy, is a wine-producing area renowned for its exceptional landscapes that marry natural beauty with historical significance. Situated not in the Piedmont wine region, but rather on the southwestern coast of Italy, Campi Flegrei boasts a diverse and enchanting topography.

This unique wine region unfolds against the backdrop of rolling hills, where vineyards extend across the undulating terrain, making the most of the region's volcanic soil. The vineyards benefit from the legacy of ancient volcanic activity, which has shaped the terroir in a way that imparts distinctive mineral-rich characteristics to the wines. It's a terrain marked by a captivating dichotomy, where the lush green vineyards seem to coexist harmoniously with the remnants of ancient volcanic craters.

As you traverse the Campi Flegrei landscape, you'll be treated to sweeping vistas of the Tyrrhenian Sea, which lies in close proximity to this wine-producing gem. The panoramic views of the azure waters provide a mesmerizing contrast to the rugged volcanic terrain. This proximity to the sea not only adds to the visual appeal but also influences the microclimate, lending a maritime influence to the vineyards.

The surrounding countryside is a testament to the rich biodiversity of the Mediterranean region. Olive groves, fragrant citrus orchards, and colorful wildflowers intermingle with the vineyards, creating a picturesque tapestry of colors and scents. The region's natural beauty is further enhanced by the presence of centuries-old historical sites, including Roman ruins and medieval castles, which add a sense of timelessness to the landscape.

In summary, the Campi Flegrei DOC is a place where viticulture and nature coexist in perfect harmony. Its volcanic heritage, coastal proximity, and lush surroundings combine to create a unique and visually enchanting setting that enhances the allure of the wines produced here. It's a destination where every sip of wine is imbued with the essence of this remarkable landscape.

The climate of the Campi Flegrei DOC, located in the Campania region of Italy, is a key contributor to the unique character of the wines produced in this enchanting terroir. This coastal area experiences a Mediterranean climate, characterized by its mild winters, warm summers, and a gentle maritime influence that plays a pivotal role in shaping the vineyards and the wines they yield.

During the growing season, which stretches from spring to autumn, the climate in Campi Flegrei is marked by abundant sunshine and a temperate breeze that sweeps in from the nearby Tyrrhenian Sea. These ideal conditions provide a nurturing environment for the grapevines, allowing them to thrive and develop their flavors to their fullest potential. The ample sunlight bathes the vineyards, promoting photosynthesis and the gradual ripening of the grapes. This extended ripening period is essential for the development of complex and well-balanced flavors in the wines.

The mild winters in Campi Flegrei ensure that the grapevines are not subjected to extreme cold, which could potentially harm them. This stability in temperature allows for year-round vineyard management, ensuring that the vines remain healthy and vibrant. Additionally, the absence of severe frost during the winter months is critical for the survival of delicate grape varieties, contributing to the region's viticultural diversity.

The proximity of the Tyrrhenian Sea exerts a moderating influence on the temperature, preventing extreme temperature fluctuations. This maritime influence also helps to maintain the freshness and acidity of the grapes, particularly in the white wines. It imparts a subtle saline note to the wines, reminiscent of sea breezes, which adds a distinctive character to the final products.

However, it's important to note that the Campi Flegrei region, despite its many advantages, is not without its challenges. The coastal location exposes the vineyards to the occasional risk of rain and humidity, which can require vigilant vineyard management practices to mitigate potential disease pressures. Nevertheless, skilled winemakers in the region have learned to harness the benefits of this climate while navigating its complexities, resulting in wines that reflect the terroir's true essence.

In conclusion, the climate of the Campi Flegrei DOC is a harmonious blend of Mediterranean warmth and maritime influence, providing an ideal backdrop for the cultivation of grapes and the crafting of distinctive wines. It's a climate that offers both challenges and opportunities, ultimately contributing to the region's unique and captivating wine offerings.

Nestled within the enchanting Campania region of Italy, the Campi Flegrei DOC (Denominazione di Origine Controllata) is a wine-producing haven that boasts a captivating fusion of history, climate, and diverse soils. This unique terroir, though not situated in the famed Piedmont wine region, is a hidden gem that has been crafting exceptional wines for generations. To truly understand the wines of Campi Flegrei, one must embark on a journey that explores the region's distinctive climate, its rich volcanic soils, and the unique grape varieties that thrive in this picturesque corner of Italy. Join us as we delve into the essence of Campi Flegrei, where nature's artistry meets the alchemy of winemaking.

  1. Volcanic Soils (Tuff and Ash): The heart of the Campi Flegrei DOC is adorned with volcanic soils, primarily composed of tuff and ash. Formed from millennia of volcanic eruptions and the accumulation of volcanic debris, these soils are rich in minerals and trace elements. Tuff, a porous rock created from compacted volcanic ash, provides excellent drainage for the vine roots, preventing waterlogging. The mineral composition of these volcanic soils imparts a distinctive character to the wines, offering a pronounced minerality and a subtle earthiness that is a hallmark of the region's terroir.
  2. Marine Sediments: Along the coastal areas of Campi Flegrei, one encounters marine sediments, which are a result of ancient seabed deposits. These soils are typically composed of clay and sand, and their proximity to the Tyrrhenian Sea lends a maritime influence to the vineyards. Grapes grown in marine sediment soils often exhibit a crisp acidity and a saline note that reflects the nearby sea breezes. This terroir contributes to the complexity of the white wines, adding a unique coastal character to their flavor profiles.
  3. Lava Flows: In some parts of Campi Flegrei, lava flows from past volcanic eruptions have left their mark. These soils are composed of volcanic rock and can vary in texture, from fine-grained to coarse. The porous nature of these soils allows for excellent drainage, promoting deep root penetration and enhancing the grapevines' ability to access nutrients. Wines from vineyards on lava flow soils often display a remarkable depth of flavor, with bold fruit characteristics and a pronounced sense of terroir.
  4. Alluvial Soils: In the lower-lying areas near rivers and streams, alluvial soils can be found. These soils consist of a mixture of sediments and organic matter transported and deposited by water over time. They tend to be fertile and well-draining, providing a hospitable environment for grapevines. Wines originating from vineyards on alluvial soils often exhibit vibrant fruitiness and a smooth, approachable character.
  5. Clay Loam Soils: Some pockets of Campi Flegrei contain clay loam soils, which are a blend of clay, silt, and sand. These soils retain moisture well, which can be advantageous during dry spells. The presence of clay in the soil can add structure and complexity to the wines, contributing to their aging potential and overall balance.

In the Campi Flegrei DOC, these diverse soils provide winemakers with a rich tapestry of options for grape cultivation. Each soil type imparts its unique characteristics to the wines, from the minerality of volcanic soils to the coastal influence of marine sediments. This intricate interplay of soils adds depth and complexity to the wines of the region, making them a true reflection of the terroir's diversity.


Most Planted Red Grape Varieties: Aglianico, Piedirosso

Most Planted White Grape Varieties:  Falanghina

The Campi Flegrei DOC, located in the picturesque Campania region of Italy, is renowned for its diverse range of wines, each characterized by distinct grape compositions. Here, we delve into the most common wines found in this appellation:

  1. Bianco: Campi Flegrei's Bianco wine blends 50-70% Falanghina with other authorized non-aromatic white grapes. This delightful white wine exudes a bright, citrusy aroma, with flavors of green apple, pear, and a touch of minerality, making it a crisp and refreshing choice.
  2. Falanghina: Comprising a minimum of 90% Falanghina grapes, this wine showcases the essence of the region's signature grape. It boasts a floral bouquet with notes of ripe peach and tropical fruits, delivering a well-balanced, medium-bodied wine with a zesty, persistent finish.
  3. Piedirosso or Pèr e Palummo: With a minimum of 90% Piedirosso grapes, this red wine offers a rich aromatic profile of red berries, cherries, and hints of spice. It's medium-bodied, with soft tannins, making it an approachable and versatile choice.
  4. Rosso: A blend of a minimum 50% Piedirosso (known locally as Pèr e Palummo), 30% Aglianico, and up to 20% other authorized non-aromatic red grapes, Rosso boasts a complex bouquet of dark fruits, leather, and tobacco. It's a full-bodied wine with robust flavors and a long, elegant finish.
  5. Novello (Same grape composition as Rosso): Novello shares the same grape composition as Rosso and is characterized by its youthful exuberance, offering bright fruit flavors and a vibrant freshness.
  6. Riserva (Same grape composition as Piedirosso): The Riserva wine mirrors the grape composition of Piedirosso and showcases extended aging, resulting in a wine with deeper, concentrated flavors of ripe red fruits, vanilla, and spices, along with a velvety texture.
  7. Spumante: Comprising a minimum of 90% Falanghina, Campi Flegrei's Spumante is a sparkling wine with a delicate floral aroma and flavors of green apple and citrus. It's a lively and effervescent choice for celebrations.
  8. Passito Bianco: With a minimum of 90% Falanghina, this sweet white Passito wine offers intense aromas of dried apricots, honey, and orange peel, coupled with a lusciously rich palate that balances sweetness with bright acidity.
  9. Passito Rosso: Comprising a minimum of 90% Piedirosso, this red Passito wine showcases concentrated notes of black cherries, plum, and hints of spice. It's a dessert wine with a velvety, lingering finish.

The Campi Flegrei DOC's wines reflect the unique terroir of the region, offering a wide spectrum of flavors and aromas that capture the essence of Campania's winemaking tradition.