about this subregion

Franciacorta DOCG, nestled in the Lombardy region of northern Italy, is celebrated for its exceptional sparkling wines, often compared to the esteemed Champagnes of France. The region's unique terroir, characterized by a harmonious blend of glacial soils and a mild climate moderated by nearby Lake Iseo, forms an idyllic backdrop for grape cultivation. Key grape varieties, including Chardonnay, Pinot Bianco, and Pinot Nero, thrive in this environment, each contributing distinct characteristics to the region's sparkling wines.

The wines of Franciacorta are diverse, yet each carries the unmistakable touch of its origin. The Spumante is bright and vivacious, while the Rosé Spumante boasts a subtle hue and delicate aromas, owed largely to the Pinot Nero grape. Satèn Spumante, unique to Franciacorta, is a creamy, less bubbly wine, primarily crafted from Chardonnay. For those who value the testament of time, the Millesimato is produced only in exceptional years and carries the vintage on its label. Lastly, the Riserva, aged for a minimum of five years, is a testament to the region's dedication to excellence, embodying the pinnacle of Franciacorta's winemaking prowess. Each sip from these bottles offers a taste of the region's rich viticultural heritage and the intimate bond between the vine and its environment.


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Vineyard Hectares





Discover Terroir

Franciacorta DOCG is a revered wine region nestled in the northern part of Italy, specifically in the Lombardy region. It lies to the south of the alpine Lake Iseo, which provides it with a uniquely temperate climate beneficial for viticulture.

The landscape of Franciacorta is a harmonious tapestry of rolling hills, lush vineyards, and medieval hamlets. Its terrains are a testament to the ancient glacial activities, rich in morainic soils that lend the wines their distinct mineral nuances. These gently sloping hills, kissed by the sun and caressed by gentle breezes from the lake, are interspersed with historic castles, monasteries, and churches that speak of a rich cultural past.

The vineyards, meticulously cared for, stretch as far as the eye can see, reflecting the region's deep-rooted wine tradition. Between these vine rows, one can often find thickets of olive trees and forests, adding to the diverse bio-harmony of the area. Streams meander through, and occasional ponds dot the landscape, enhancing its picturesque charm.

On a broader scale, Franciacorta acts as a serene bridge between the bustling urban life of nearby cities like Brescia and the tranquil shores of Lake Iseo. This juxtaposition of nature, history, and viticulture makes Franciacorta not just a wine-producing region, but a realm of unparalleled beauty and heritage.

The climate of Franciacorta DOCG plays a pivotal role in carving its identity as a premier wine-producing region, and it is intricately shaped by its geographical positioning and the influences of surrounding natural formations.

Franciacorta's climate can be described as temperate, characterized by relatively mild temperatures throughout the year. Situated in Lombardy, in the northern part of Italy, it enjoys the moderating effects of the nearby Lake Iseo. This significant water body acts as a natural thermostat: in summer, it cools the surrounding area with gentle lake breezes, while in winter, it releases accumulated warmth, preventing extreme cold snaps.

Winters in Franciacorta are generally mild, with occasional frost but seldom any snowfall. The spring months usher in consistent rainfall, vital for the vines to thrive and prepare for the upcoming growing season. Summers, while warm, are not overly hot, thanks to those cooling lake breezes, ensuring the grapes ripen steadily without the risk of being sunburnt or overripe. Autumn often witnesses a magical transformation with crisp air, and morning mists, creating an ideal environment for late-harvest grape varieties.

The region's position in the rain shadow of the nearby Alps also has a profound influence. It acts as a protective barrier, shielding Franciacorta from cold northern winds and excessive rain. This unique protection ensures a more stable climate, with fewer risks associated with unpredictable weather patterns.

Furthermore, the diurnal temperature variation—meaning the difference between daytime and nighttime temperatures—plays a crucial role in the maturation of grapes. It ensures that while the grapes develop the desired sugars and flavors during the day, the cool nights preserve the essential acidity, leading to wines that are balanced, fresh, and elegantly aromatic.

The soils of Franciacorta DOCG, with their layered richness and diversity, play a paramount role in influencing the character and quality of the wines from this region. These soils are the result of geological events over millennia and serve as silent storytellers of the region's past.

  1. Morainic Soils:
    One of the most distinctive soil types in Franciacorta is the morainic soil, a direct legacy of the glaciations that took place thousands of years ago. These soils are a composite of clay, sand, and silt, deposited by retreating glaciers. Their loose and well-draining structure allows roots to penetrate deeply, ensuring vines get a steady supply of water and nutrients. The presence of minerals in these soils, such as calcium and magnesium, often contributes to the notable minerality found in Franciacorta wines.
  2. Limestone and Chalk:
    Scattered across the region, particularly on the hills, one can find pockets of limestone and chalk. These white, calcareous soils are famed for their ability to regulate water, ensuring vines don't experience extreme drought or waterlogging. They also lend a distinct freshness and vitality to the wines, making them elegant and age-worthy.
  3. Sandy Soils:
    In some parts of Franciacorta, sandy soils dominate. These soils offer excellent drainage, making them particularly resilient against diseases that thrive in wet conditions. Wines from sandy terrains tend to be aromatic with a pronounced fruit-forward character.
  4. Clayey Soils:
    Clay soils, with their dense and cool nature, are found in the lower areas of Franciacorta. These soils have a remarkable water-holding capacity, proving beneficial in drier years. Grapes grown on clayey terrains often produce wines that are fuller-bodied, with pronounced flavors and a round mouthfeel.
  5. Pebbly and Gravelly Soils:
    Areas with pebbly and gravelly soils benefit from exceptional drainage, ensuring the vine roots remain healthy and not overly saturated. These stony terrains also have the advantage of reflecting sunlight, providing additional warmth to the vines and aiding in the ripening process.


Most Planted White Grapes

Nestled in the heart of Franciacorta, the region's vineyards are dominated by white grape varieties that capture the essence of its terroir. These grapes, with their distinct characteristics, contribute to the unique identity of the wines produced here.

  1. Chardonnay: Standing out in Franciacorta's landscape, Chardonnay boasts small to medium clusters that gleam in a greenish-yellow hue, maturing to a rich gold. Its aromatic profile is a delightful ensemble of freshly picked green apple, pear, and citrus, harmoniously accompanied by white flowers and almonds. On the palate, this grape variety offers a textured depth that dances with its innate crisp acidity, underscored by the region's unmistakable mineral touch.
  2. Pinot Bianco: Taking a significant spot among the white grapes, Pinot Bianco presents tight, cylindrical clusters, occasionally shimmering with a coppery tint upon full maturity. Its aroma is a floral embrace accentuated by notes of white peach and almond. In taste, it promises a crisp freshness, rounded off beautifully to leave a persistent and memorable finish.

Most Planted Red Grapes

In the midst of the predominantly white landscape of Franciacorta vineyards, the red grape varieties make their resilient stand. Pinot Nero, with its distinct character, adds depth and complexity to the region's sparkling wines.

  1. Pinot Nero: Distinguished by its medium-sized bluish-black berries, Pinot Nero holds the red flag high in Franciacorta. A sniff introduces you to its layered aromatic profile, highlighting vibrant red berries and cherries, occasionally enriched by hints of dried fruits or a toasted undertone. Upon tasting, the grape reveals a structured body, silkily woven into a rich tapestry, culminating in a lingering finish.

Together, these grapes form the backbone of Franciacorta DOCG's wine identity, each resonating with the region's storied history and rich terroir.

Franciacorta's sparkling wines are a testament to the region's dedication to quality, tradition, and innovation. Each wine, from Spumante to Riserva, carries with it unique characteristics and flavor profiles that are shaped by the grapes from which they're made. These wines not only echo the terroir of the region but also the expertise of the winemakers, who artfully blend various grapes to achieve the desired taste and aroma.

  1. Spumante: With a foundational composition of Chardonnay and/or Pinot Nero, complemented by Pinot Bianco and Erbamat, Spumante is the hallmark of Franciacorta's sparkling wines. A vibrant effervescence meets the nose, unveiling fresh citrus notes, green apples, and a hint of toasted almonds. The palate offers a harmonious blend of acidity and fruitiness, with a subtle minerality reflective of the region's glacial soils.
  2. Rosé/Rosato Spumante: Embracing a dominant profile of Pinot Nero, harmonized with Chardonnay, Pinot Bianco, and Erbamat, the Rosé Spumante is a sensory delight. Its subtle pink hue heralds an aromatic palette of red berries, cherries, and a whisper of rose petals. Tasting reveals a balance of fresh fruitiness with a delightful creamy texture, leading to a crisp finish.
  3. Satèn Spumante: Primarily featuring Chardonnay and enriched by Pinot Bianco, the Satèn Spumante stands unique to Franciacorta. This wine greets with a gentle effervescence and a bouquet of white flowers, peach, and a hint of vanilla. The palate is defined by its velvety texture, where crisp acidity intertwines with notes of ripe fruits, leaving a memorable aftertaste.
  4. Millesimato: A distinguished declaration of the vintage year, Millesimato can adopt the compositions of Spumante, Rosé, or Satèn. Crafted solely in outstanding years, each bottle encapsulates the essence of that specific vintage. While the aromatic and flavor profiles shift based on its foundational blend, they invariably promise intricacy, depth, and an authentic reflection of the year's terroir.
  5. Riserva: Representing the zenith of Franciacorta's offerings, Riserva can be modeled on the compositions of Spumante, Rosé, or Satèn. Matured for at least five years, Riserva boasts a profound aromatic canvas, with traces of dried fruits, toasted bread, and occasionally a touch of spice. Its taste is an opulent journey, merging structure, texture, and a prolonged finale, capturing the passage of time in every sip.