Verdicchio di Matelica Riserva DOCG

Verdicchio di Matelica Riserva DOCG

43° 15' 0" N


13° 1' 0" E




about this subregion

The Verdicchio di Matelica Riserva DOCG is a prestigious wine region located in the Marche wine region of central Italy. Sharing its area with the Verdicchio di Matelica DOC, it is surrounded by the Colli Maceratesi DOC and the Esino DOC.

The vineyards are situated at altitudes ranging from 300 to 600 meters above sea level, contributing to a cooler growing environment that helps maintain the grapes' acidity and promotes slow, even ripening. The soils in this area are rich in minerals, primarily composed of clay and limestone, which provide excellent drainage and contribute to the complexity of the wines produced.

The average annual rainfall ranges from 700 to 800 mm, ensuring adequate water supply throughout the year, with the heaviest rainfall typically occurring in autumn and winter. This balanced climate and fertile soil create an ideal environment for the cultivation of the primary grape variety, Verdicchio, which is used to produce the region's renowned Riserva wines.

Verdicchio di Matelica Riserva DOCG wines are known for their structured and age-worthy characteristics, a direct result of the region’s unique environmental factors.


vinerra illustration

Vineyard Hectares





Discover Terroir

Landscape of the Verdicchio di Matelica Riserva DOCG

The Verdicchio di Matelica Riserva DOCG region, located in the Marche region of central Italy, is renowned not only for its high-quality wines but also for its distinctive and captivating landscape. This landscape is a key factor in the unique characteristics of the wines produced here. Let's explore the geographical and historical features that define this area.

Geographical Layout

The Verdicchio di Matelica vineyards are situated within a valley that uniquely runs from east to west. This orientation contrasts with the typical north-south orientation of other valleys in the Marche region. The vineyards are primarily located at altitudes ranging from 300 to 600 meters above sea level, providing a cooler growing environment beneficial for the Verdicchio grape. These altitudes, part of the broader Apennine mountain range, contribute to the region's distinctive microclimate and enhance the acidity and freshness of the grapes​​​​.

Scenic Hills and Slopes

The landscape of Verdicchio di Matelica is characterized by rolling hills and gentle slopes, which are ideal for vine cultivation. These slopes ensure good drainage and optimal sun exposure for the vines, critical factors for producing high-quality grapes. The scenic beauty of the region is enhanced by the presence of these natural features, making it a picturesque area for viticulture​​.

Historical Significance

In addition to its natural beauty, the Verdicchio di Matelica region is rich in historical and architectural significance. The landscape is dotted with medieval castles and fortifications, built between the 12th and 14th centuries. These castles, often perched on hilltops, were part of an ancient defensive system and are a testament to the region's historical importance. The presence of these historical structures adds to the charm and cultural heritage of the landscape, making it a unique blend of natural and historical beauty​​.

Climate of Verdicchio di Matelica Riserva DOCG

The climate of the Verdicchio di Matelica Riserva DOCG region plays a significant role in shaping the unique characteristics of its wines. Situated in the Marche region of central Italy, the vineyards of Matelica are located inland, close to the Apennine Mountains. This geographical positioning results in a distinctive continental climate, which differs markedly from the maritime influence experienced by its neighbor, Verdicchio dei Castelli di Jesi.

Continental Climate

The Verdicchio di Matelica region benefits from a continental climate, characterized by hot summers and cold winters. This type of climate is ideal for the Verdicchio grape, as it allows for a prolonged growing season with a wide diurnal temperature variation. The significant difference between day and night temperatures helps to enhance the acidity and aromatic complexity of the grapes. The cool nights are particularly beneficial, as they slow down the ripening process, allowing the grapes to develop more nuanced flavors.

Altitude and Sun Exposure

The vineyards in Matelica are situated at higher elevations, ranging from 300 to 600 meters above sea level. This altitude provides several advantages: it contributes to cooler overall temperatures, reduces the risk of diseases, and increases sun exposure, which is critical for photosynthesis and grape maturation. The east-west orientation of the valley ensures optimal sunlight throughout the day, further supporting the development of healthy and flavorful grapes.

Rainfall and Humidity

The region experiences moderate rainfall, which is sufficient to sustain the vines without causing excessive moisture that could lead to fungal diseases. The well-drained soils, composed of clay and limestone, help to manage the water supply efficiently. Additionally, the relatively low humidity levels reduce the prevalence of mildew and other humidity-related issues, contributing to the overall health and quality of the vineyards.

Seasonal Variability

Seasonal variability is a hallmark of the Matelica climate. The winters are cold, which is essential for the dormancy period of the vines, while the springs are mild, providing a favorable start to the growing season. Summers are hot but tempered by the altitude, ensuring that the grapes achieve full ripeness without over-ripening. This seasonal balance helps to produce wines with well-defined structures, vibrant acidity, and a strong sense of place.

In summary, the continental climate of the Verdicchio di Matelica Riserva DOCG region, characterized by its altitude, temperature variations, and moderate rainfall, creates the perfect conditions for growing Verdicchio grapes. These climatic factors contribute to the production of high-quality wines that are noted for their complexity, acidity, and aging potential.

The Verdicchio di Matelica Riserva DOCG region in the Marche area of central Italy is renowned for producing exceptional white wines. The unique soil composition in this region is a crucial factor contributing to the quality and distinctive characteristics of the wines. Here is a detailed look at the most common soils found in the Verdicchio di Matelica Riserva DOCG region.

  1. Clay Soils: Clay soils in the Verdicchio di Matelica region are known for their ability to retain moisture, which is beneficial during dry periods. These soils are rich in nutrients that are essential for the healthy growth of grapevines.The moisture retention capability of clay soils ensures that the vines have a steady supply of water, which helps in maintaining the health and vigor of the vines. This contributes to the development of robust grape clusters with well-balanced flavors​​​​.
  2. Limestone Soils:Limestone soils are characterized by their excellent drainage properties. These soils allow excess water to flow away, preventing waterlogging, which can damage vine roots.The good drainage provided by limestone soils helps to create a healthy root environment. Additionally, limestone contributes to the mineral complexity and freshness of the wines, imparting distinctive mineral notes that are a hallmark of Verdicchio di Matelica wines​​​​.

The clay and limestone soils of the Verdicchio di Matelica Riserva DOCG region, both rich in minerals, provide an ideal environment for the cultivation of Verdicchio grapes. These soils contribute to the high quality and distinctive characteristics of the wines, ensuring that Verdicchio di Matelica Riserva DOCG remains one of Italy’s most celebrated white wines. The combination of moisture retention, good drainage, and mineral richness creates the perfect terroir for producing complex and flavorful wines.


Verdicchio is the most common grape used in the production of Verdicchio di Matelica Riserva DOCG, a renowned white wine from the Marche region of Italy. This grape variety is well-suited to the region's specific agricultural and climatic conditions. In this write-up, we will explore the agricultural and climatic requirements essential for cultivating Verdicchio grapes.

Agricultural Requirements

Verdicchio grapes thrive in well-drained soils that are rich in minerals. Ideal soil types include clay-limestone and sandy soils, which provide the necessary nutrients and drainage for optimal vine growth. These soils help retain moisture during dry periods while ensuring good drainage to prevent waterlogging. Proper vineyard management practices are crucial for successful cultivation. This includes careful pruning to control vine vigor and optimize fruit quality. Training systems, such as Guyot or cordon training, are commonly used to support the vines and ensure adequate sun exposure and air circulation. Regular monitoring for pests and diseases is also essential to maintain healthy vines.

Climatic Requirements

Verdicchio grapes require a climate with warm summers and mild winters. The ideal temperature range during the growing season is between 20°C and 30°C (68°F to 86°F), allowing the grapes to ripen fully and develop their characteristic acidity and flavor complexity. Cold winters are necessary to ensure the vines undergo a proper dormancy period. Adequate rainfall, ideally between 600 and 800 millimeters (24 to 31 inches) per year, ensures that the vines receive sufficient water throughout the growing season without experiencing excessive moisture, which can lead to fungal diseases. During particularly dry periods, irrigation may be used to supplement natural rainfall.

Abundant sunlight is crucial for Verdicchio grapes, aiding photosynthesis and the development of sugars in the fruit. The sunny climate of the Marche region provides the ideal conditions for these grapes to flourish. Sufficient sunlight also helps to maintain vine health by reducing the risk of mildew and other fungal infections. The vineyards in the Marche region are typically situated at altitudes ranging from 200 to 600 meters above sea level. This altitude provides a cooler growing environment, beneficial for maintaining the grape's natural acidity and preventing over-ripening. The cooler temperatures also contribute to the development of the grape's aromatic compounds.

Verdicchio di Matelica DOCG Wines

Verdicchio di Matelica Riserva DOCG produces one distinguished Italian white wine, that its renowned for its exceptional quality and unique characteristics: Bianco Riserva. Originating from the Marche region, this wine is crafted predominantly from Verdicchio grapes. In this write-up, we will explore the aromatic and flavor profiles of this celebrated wine, highlighting what makes it a favorite among wine enthusiasts.

Aromatic Profile

Verdicchio di Matelica Riserva DOCG boasts a captivating aromatic profile. The primary notes are fresh and citric, and may remind you of lemon and grapefruit. This zesty foundation is complemented by subtle hints of green apple and pear, providing a fresh and fruity bouquet.

Adding to its complexity, this white wine also offers delicate floral aromas, reminiscent of white flowers such as jasmine and acacia. There is often a noticeable minerality, giving the wine a crisp and clean scent. As it matures, Verdicchio di Matelica Riserva develops more nuanced aromas, including almond and a hint of honey, adding depth to its aromatic profile.

Flavor Profile

The flavor profile of Verdicchio di Matelica Riserva DOCG is equally impressive. On the palate, it delivers a harmonious balance of acidity and richness. The initial taste is marked by vibrant citrus flavors, echoing the lemon and grapefruit notes found in its aroma. These bright flavors are followed by a distinct minerality, providing a refreshing and slightly saline edge.

As the wine evolves in the glass, flavors of green apple and pear emerge, offering a crisp and juicy sensation. With aging, Verdicchio di Matelica Riserva develops more complex flavors, including hints of bitter almond and a touch of honey, mirroring its aromatic evolution. The finish is typically long and lingering, leaving a pleasant, slightly nutty aftertaste.