45° 14' 34.20" S


169° 22' 28.19" E




about this subregion

Nestled in the heart of New Zealand's Central Otago district, the Alexandra wine region is a realm of vinicultural extremes and unique beauty. Marked by its geographic coordinates of 45° 14' 34.20" S and 169° 22' 28.19" E, Alexandra is renowned for being part of the world's southern-most grape growing region. The area's vineyards, perched at an average altitude of about 300 meters, are cradled by a rugged landscape that offers a striking contrast to the finesse of the wines produced here.

What sets Alexandra apart is its continental climate, a rarity in New Zealand. This climate, characterized by significant diurnal temperature variations, contributes to the distinct profile of its wines. The region is subject to an average of 1050 Growing Degree Days, facilitating the ripening of grapes while maintaining their natural acidity and aromatic qualities. Furthermore, Alexandra's position as New Zealand's driest area, with an average annual rainfall of just 340 millimeters, adds another layer of challenge and complexity to grape growing.

In this demanding yet rewarding environment, a few grape varieties have achieved particular distinction. Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, Riesling, and Pinot Gris are the stars of Alexandra, each variety thriving under the unique climatic conditions to produce wines of exceptional quality and character. This combination of a challenging climate, diverse terroir, and skilled viticulture positions the Alexandra wine region as a jewel in the crown of New Zealand's wine industry.


vinerra illustration

Vineyard Hectares





Discover Terroir

The Alexandra wine region, nestled in the heart of Central Otago, is a treasure trove of natural beauty. Its landscape is a testament to the captivating diversity of New Zealand's South Island. Situated within this dramatic mountainous terrain, the region unfolds with a striking interplay of rugged hillsides and rocky outcrops, all contributing to its unique character.

Vineyards in Alexandra stretch along the sinuous path of the Clutha River, an iconic waterway that meanders through the region, reflecting the clear blue skies and surrounding peaks. This setting offers a picturesque juxtaposition of natural elements, where the fertile valley floors meet the imposing schist-studded slopes, creating a visual symphony that changes with the seasons.

One cannot overlook the commanding presence of the Southern Alps on the horizon. These majestic mountains serve as a majestic backdrop, their snow-capped peaks casting long shadows over the vineyards below. This alpine influence, with its temperate climate and unique geological features, imparts a distinctive terroir to the grapes grown in this remarkable location.

The Alexandra wine region's landscape not only provides a stunning visual feast but also plays an integral role in the microclimates and soil composition that shape the region's wines. As you explore the vineyards and savor their wines, you'll find that every sip carries with it the essence of this awe-inspiring natural canvas, making the experience truly unforgettable.

The climate of the Alexandra wine region is a study in contrasts, marked by its continental influences and unique geographical features. Located in the heart of Central Otago, New Zealand, the region experiences hot, dry summers and cold, crisp winters, creating a stark temperature range.

Summer brings long, sun-drenched days, with temperatures soaring and sunlight bathing the vineyards. However, the clear nights lead to significant diurnal temperature variations, allowing the grapes to retain their acidity while ripening fully. This balance between daytime warmth and nighttime coolness is integral to the region's winemaking success.

Winter, on the other hand, can be harsh, with frost a constant concern. Yet, this challenging climate fosters resilience in the vines, resulting in grapes that are more concentrated in flavor. The unique landscape, characterized by rocky slopes and well-drained soils, further enhances the climate's impact on grape cultivation, providing a distinct terroir that defines the wines of Alexandra.

In essence, the climate of the Alexandra wine region is a captivating dance between extremes, where nature's contrasts converge to create wines of exceptional character and complexity.

In the Alexandra wine region of Central Otago, New Zealand, the diversity of soils contributes to the distinctive character of its wines. Here, we explore the main types of soils that shape the terroir:

  1. Schist: The dominant soil type in Alexandra, schist, imparts a unique minerality to the wines. It consists of metamorphic rock with excellent drainage properties, allowing the vines to dig deep for nutrients. Schist-based soils produce wines with a notable sense of place, offering a fine balance of structure and elegance.
  2. Alluvial Gravels: Along the Clutha River and its tributaries, alluvial gravels are prevalent. These well-draining soils, rich in minerals, encourage healthy vine growth. Wines from these areas showcase vibrant fruit flavors and a bright, refreshing acidity.
  3. Loess: In some parts of the region, loess soils, a wind-deposited silt, can be found. These soils retain moisture well and provide a fertile environment for vine roots. Wines from loess-rich vineyards exhibit generous fruitiness and a rounded, full-bodied character.
  4. Limestone: Limestone soils, although less common, offer a unique profile to the wines. They contribute to pronounced minerality and can produce wines with a vibrant, zesty acidity. These vineyards often yield complex, age-worthy wines.
  5. Clay: In sheltered pockets, clay soils can be found. These soils retain water, providing a buffer against the region's arid climate. Wines from clay-rich areas tend to be full-bodied and rich, with a lush texture.

Each of these soil types in the Alexandra wine region plays a vital role in shaping the flavors, textures, and nuances of the wines, adding depth and complexity to the terroir.


Alexandra, a striking wine region of Central Otago, is home to four main grape varieties: Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, Riesling, and Pinot Gris. Each grape has its specific needs due to the region's unique climate.

  1. Pinot Noir:Pinot Noir loves the region's well-drained soils and loads of sunshine. It's a bit finicky, needing protection from frost during its early growth and a longer growing season for optimal ripening.
  2. Chardonnay:Chardonnay grapes thrive in warmer, sun-soaked spots. They need careful attention to avoid sunburn and enjoy Central Otago's lower humidity for disease prevention. Cool nights here help keep their acidity balanced.
  3. Riesling:Riesling vines need good air circulation to avoid frost damage. They break bud late, so frost protection is essential. The region's dry climate lets Riesling express its unique character beautifully.
  4. Pinot Gris:Pinot Gris grapes like well-drained soil and ripen in mid-season, aligning with Central Otago's favorable autumn conditions. Plenty of sunshine and smart canopy management result in vibrant Pinot Gris wines.

Central Otago's special climate and soil provide the ideal conditions for these grape varieties to shine, making it a must-visit for wine lovers seeking distinctive flavors.

Wines from Alexandra are known for their distinctive characteristics. Here, we will explore the aromatic and flavor profiles of the most common wines from this region.

  1. Pinot Noir: Alexandra's Pinot Noir offers a bouquet of red and dark berries, often with hints of floral and earthy notes. On the palate, expect a harmonious blend of ripe cherry, plum, and subtle spices. This wine boasts a silky texture and a lingering, elegant finish.
  2. Chardonnay: Alexandra's Chardonnay is characterized by aromas of orchard fruits, like apple and pear, complemented by delicate hints of citrus and vanilla. The palate reveals a balanced combination of crisp acidity and creamy, buttery notes, culminating in a refreshing and well-rounded wine.
  3. Riesling: Riesling from Alexandra delights with its vibrant aromatics, showcasing zesty citrus, green apple, and floral undertones. On the palate, anticipate a burst of lively acidity, accompanied by flavors of stone fruits, honey, and a touch of minerality, resulting in a refreshing and invigorating wine.
  4. Pinot Gris: Pinot Gris wines from Alexandra exude fragrances of ripe orchard fruits, such as pear and quince, intertwined with subtle floral and spice notes. The palate offers a delightful combination of juicy fruitiness and a hint of almond, creating a crisp and inviting wine with a lingering finish.

In Alexandra, these common wines exhibit their own unique aromatic and flavor profiles, reflecting the region's terroir and winemaking expertise. Whether you prefer the elegance of Pinot Noir, the freshness of Chardonnay, the vivacity of Riesling, or the charm of Pinot Gris, Alexandra's wines promise a delightful journey for the senses.