Despite having been for a long time in the shadow of the Serra Gaucha region, since 1981 more and more vineyards began to appear in the Campos de Cima da Serra area. This region is characterized mainly for producing fine quality wines, mainly with Merlot, Pinot Noir and Chardonnay varieties, while the vineyards can reach up to 1100 meters above sea level.
Campos de Cima da Serra is a wine region located on the border with Santa Catarina. Here, the vineyards can reach up to 1,100 meters of altitude.
This region is a hilly area, so the vineyards are located on slopes. For that reason, the constant winds in this area cool the vines, helping to keep them free of diseases. In addition, the combination of moderate temperatures and breezes helps the grapes to have a more intense flavor.
The region's soils are granitic and clayey. This gives them a high water retention capacity, helping to reduce the need for irrigation in the vineyards.
Because Brazil is still a relatively new wine-producing region, it currently has no specific national or regional programs to promote wine sustainability. However, the Campos de Cima da Serra region is able to obtain organic certification for its wines, thanks to Decree 6323. This decree, intended for all agricultural activities in Brazil, aims to have a strong impact on the country's winemaking.
The most interesting aspects of this decree, which can give added value to Brazilian viticulture by taking it down the path of sustainability, have some very interesting points that deserve to be highlighted:
Most Planted Red Grape Varieties: Merlot, Pinot Noir
Most Planted White Grape Varieties: Chardonnay
This region produces mainly red and white wines, although quality rosé and sparkling wines can also be found.
Among the most produced red wines we can mention Merlot and Pinot Noir. In the case of Merlot, it has an intermediate acidity profile, medium to high tannin intensity and notes reminiscent of chocolate, cherries or plums. On the other hand, Pinot Noir wine has a dry profile, with medium to high acidity, low tannin intensity and notes that can remind of cherries, raspberries or even mushrooms.
In the case of white wines, the most popular is undoubtedly Chardonnay. This wine has a citric profile, and it is possible to find notes reminiscent of fruits such as yellow apple, lemon, pineapple or even buttery notes.
Campos de Serra Gaucha is another of Brazil's sub-regions that has recently gained prominence. Although it was for a long time in the shadow of the Serra Gaucha region, it has had greater recognition since 1981. This was mainly due to 2 events that occurred at the same time in Serra Gaucha:
This allowed regions such as Campanha and Campos de Mina da Serra to acquire greater interest from producers, who saw in these lands a great opportunity to develop wine production. As a result, quality wines began to be produced in Campos de Minas da Serra, a region whose popularity continues to grow to this day.