Despite being a small region in comparison to the rest, Serra do Sudeste has shown small signs of growth since the 1990s. As a result, for example, producers in the area have begun to stop marketing their grapes to the Serra Gaúcha region and have started to promote the production of regional wines. These are produced mainly with Pinot Noir and Chardonnay varieties, although varieties such as Cabernet Franc and Sauvignon Blanc are also used.
Serra do Sudeste is a wine region located in southern Brazil, in the Campanha area. This wine region of southern Brazil, located near the border with Uruguay, is at the eastern end of Brazil's southernmost wine region: Campanha.
The Serra do Sudeste has warm summers and cool winters, often with fog and frost in the colder months. Its mountainous terrain has altitudes between 400 and 500 meters, and vineyards tend to be planted on hillsides.
The lime in the soil of the Serra do Sudeste wine region provides calcium and magnesium for strong, healthy vines and improves the plants' ability to absorb nutrients. Basalt can also be found in the soil, which promotes root growth and makes the vines more resistant to disease.
Because Brazil is still a relatively new wine-producing region, it currently has no specific national or regional programs to promote wine sustainability. However, the Serra do Sudeste region is able to obtain organic certification for its wines, thanks to Decree 6323. This decree, intended for all agricultural activities in Brazil, aims to have a strong impact on the country's winemaking.
The most interesting aspects of this decree, which can give added value to Brazilian viticulture by taking it down the path of sustainability, have some very interesting points that deserve to be highlighted:
Most Planted Red Grape Varieties: Cabernet Franc, Pinot Noir
Most Planted White Grape Varieties: Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay
In this small wine-growing region, the wines produced with Pinot Noir and Chardonnay varieties stand out.
Pinot Noir wines tend to be light-bodied, with a profile of notes oriented towards red fruits such as cherry and raspberry. However, they also surprise with some more complex notes, reminiscent of flowers such as hibiscus.
On the other hand, Chardonnay wines tend to have a moderate acidity, due to the not excessively hot climate of the region, and have a profile of notes oriented towards tropical fruits such as papaya.
The first cultivation in the Serra do Sudeste region started late, only in 1980. This was due to the fact that some producers decided to start looking for new lands to cultivate vineyards due to the great concentration of land destined to viticulture in the Serra Gaúcha region.
However, despite the great popularity of Serra Gaúcha and being always in the shadow of this region, this does not mean that Serra do Sudeste has not registered growth. In fact, since 1990 it began to have a slow but steady growth that continues to this day, thanks to the hard work of some producers who trusted in the potential of the silty and basaltic soils of Serra do Sudeste.