41° 38' 00" N


42° 59' 00" E




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about this region

Nestled in the heart of the picturesque Caucasus Mountains, the Meskheti wine region in Georgia is a hidden gem in the world of viticulture. This enchanting wine-producing region is celebrated for its rich history, unique winemaking traditions, and an impressive array of grape varieties. Meskheti has been cultivating vines and crafting wines for centuries, and its storied heritage is a testament to the enduring art of winemaking in Georgia. This region shares a border with the Kartli wine region to the north.

Meskheti's landscape, characterized by rolling hills and pristine valleys, is the ideal canvas for the cultivation of an impressive array of grape varieties. Among these, you'll find the Akhaltsikhis Tetri, Meskhuri Mtsvane, Meskhuri Kharistvala, Saparuli, Kharistvala, Bejana, Tavdakiduli, Roketula, Tskhenisdzudzu, and Tamaris Vazi. Each of these grape varieties contributes its own distinct character to the region's wines, making Meskheti a true oenophile's paradise.

As you explore the Meskheti wine region, you'll have the opportunity to immerse yourself in the traditions that have been passed down through generations. The winemakers here take immense pride in preserving the techniques and methods that have been refined over centuries, resulting in wines that are a true reflection of the region's terroir.

Whether you're a wine enthusiast or a curious traveler seeking a taste of Georgia's winemaking heritage, Meskheti promises an unforgettable journey. With its breathtaking landscapes and a diverse palette of grape varieties, this wine region invites you to savor the essence of Georgian winemaking at its finest.


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Vineyard Hectares




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Discover Terroir

The Meskheti wine region in Georgia is a captivating destination that unfolds amidst the breathtaking landscapes of the South Caucasus. This region is renowned for its dramatic and mountainous terrain, which stands as a testament to nature's grandeur. Nestled amidst the mighty peaks of the Caucasus Mountains, the Meskheti wine region is the highest vine-growing area in Georgia and offers a truly unique setting for viticulture.

Here, vineyards thrive at elevations ranging from 900 to 1,700 meters above sea level, defying conventional expectations. The undulating hills and valleys that define this picturesque landscape are adorned with vineyards that cascade down stone-walled terrace vineyards, referred to locally as "Oroki" and "Sakve." These terraces, some of which can be impressively multi-tiered, contribute to the region's distinctive charm and heritage.

To the left of the Mtkvari River and in areas such as Potskhovi and Kobliani, vineyards sprawl across south, south-east, and south-west-facing slopes, known as the "zvare." This region enjoys extended hours of sunlight, encouraging vines to awaken earlier in the year and nurture grapes with high sugar content. On the contrary, the terraces along the right bank of the river, aptly known as "the shadowy zone," offer a different character to the landscape.

Overall, the Meskheti wine region is a captivating marriage of rugged mountains, pristine valleys, and centuries-old terraced vineyards. It's a place where nature's magnificence intertwines with the artistry of winemaking, creating a landscape that beckons both wine enthusiasts and adventurers alike to explore its beauty and indulge in its rich heritage.

The Meskheti wine region boasts a climate that stands as a distinctive outlier within the Georgian viticultural landscape, characterized by its continental nature. It embraces a climate even more continental than the steppe-like expanses of Lower Kartli and Outer Kakheti, setting it apart as a region of climatic uniqueness. Here, a moderately dry, steppe-like subtropical mountain climate takes center stage, painting a vivid picture of climatic extremes that profoundly influence its winemaking.

Winters in Meskheti are a study in their own right, marked by their cold intensity, yet intriguingly sparse snowfall. This is a place where frosty days stretch out, and the land remains draped in a quiet, serene white. In stark contrast, summers unveil themselves with a long, sun-kissed embrace, gracing the region with warmth that extends across the landscape. It is a climate of contrasts, where the winter's icy grip yields to the summer's gentle caress.

Nowhere is this climatic distinction more evident than in the Akhaltsikhe area, where the annual precipitation totals reveal Meskheti's arid tendencies. Here, the land receives a mere 400-520 mm of precipitation throughout the year. The average annual temperature hovers between 8-9ºC, underscoring the region's aridity. It is, without a doubt, the driest winemaking territory in all of Georgia.

This parched environment demands meticulous attention to the needs of the vineyards. Watering becomes a vital practice to nurture the grapes to their full potential, ensuring a bountiful harvest. The region's precipitation predominantly graces the landscape during the summer months, while winters embrace Meskheti with their harsh and frosty disposition.

As a testament to the resilience of Meskheti's winemakers, traditional practices such as burying the vines during the frigid winter months have been upheld. Additionally, the terraced vineyards, which grace this land with their timeless beauty, provide a protective shield against the frost's icy fingers, safeguarding the delicate vineyards and nurturing the grapes that yield the region's exceptional wines. Meskheti's climate, though demanding, adds its unique character to the region's winemaking narrative, creating wines of rare distinction and character.

In the captivating wine region of Meskheti, the soil composition plays a crucial role in shaping the character of the vineyards and the wines they produce. As we delve into the diverse tapestry of soils that grace this land, a fascinating array of characteristics and qualities come to light:

  1. Carbonaceous Alluvial: In the fertile valleys along the Mtkvari River, the soil takes on a carbonaceous, alluvial nature, enriched with clay. This soil, nestled atop layers of gravel and various sedimentary deposits, provides a robust foundation for viticulture, offering essential nutrients and moisture retention.
  2. High-Altitude Clay: As one ascends to elevations hovering around 1,400-1,500 meters above sea level, a transformation occurs in the soil composition. Here, the earth adopts shades of grey-brown, meadow-brown, and forest-brown, characterized by a clay-rich texture. This altitude offers a unique terroir that contributes distinct nuances to the grapes cultivated in this environment.
  3. Brown: The most prevalent soil type in the Meskheti wine region is the rich brown soil, revered for its exceptional suitability for viticulture. This soil variant extends its presence across the villages spanning all three zones of Meskheti, serving as the bedrock upon which the region's vineyards thrive. Its remarkable fertility and composition offer an ideal foundation for grape cultivation.

In Meskheti, the synergy between the diverse soil types and the art of winemaking yields wines of exceptional character, each terroir expressing its own story, intricately intertwined with the land's history and the passion of its vintners.


The Meskheti wine region of Georgia is renowned for its unique grape varieties, each with distinct agricultural and climatic requirements. These varieties are integral to the region's winemaking heritage and are known for their adaptation to the specific terroir of Meskheti. Below is an overview of some of these distinctive grape varieties:

  1. Akhaltsikhis Tetri: This white grape variety is known for its resilience in cooler climates and higher altitudes, typical of the Meskheti region. It thrives in well-drained soils and requires a careful balance of sunlight and shade to maintain its vigor and yield.
  2. Meskhuri Mtsvane: Meskhuri Mtsvane, another white grape, prefers the unique microclimate of Meskheti, characterized by its cool, moist conditions. It demands meticulous canopy management to ensure adequate air circulation and sunlight penetration, essential for healthy growth.
  3. Meskhuri Kharistvala: This variety, known for its adaptability, flourishes in the variable soil types found throughout Meskheti. It requires a moderate climate, with a particular emphasis on protection from late spring frosts, which can impact its budding phases.
  4. Saparuli: Saparuli grapes are cultivated in areas with moderate temperatures and benefit from the region's mixed climatic influences. They need consistent moisture levels in the soil and are sensitive to extreme temperature variations.
  5. Kharistvala: This grape variety is suited to the cooler, elevated areas of Meskheti. It demands well-aerated soils and benefits from the region's natural fog cover, which provides a unique microclimate aiding its growth.
  6. Bejana: Bejana grapes grow best in the slightly warmer microclimates within Meskheti. They require well-drained soils and benefit from strategic positioning to receive optimal sunlight, crucial for their development.
  7. Tavdakiduli: Tavdakiduli is adapted to the diverse terrain of Meskheti, thriving in both the lower and higher altitudes. It prefers a balance of sun exposure and cooler temperatures, especially during the ripening period.
  8. Roketula: Known for its hardiness, Roketula thrives in the varied climatic conditions of Meskheti. It is particularly suited to the region's unique combination of sun exposure and cool mountain breezes.
  9. Tskhenisdzudzu: This variety requires a specific microclimate, typically found in the sheltered valleys of Meskheti. It benefits from the region's natural humidity and needs protection from harsh winds.
  10. Tamaris Vazi: Tamaris Vazi grapes are best suited to the higher elevations of the region, where they can take advantage of the cooler temperatures and unique soil composition. They require careful management to ensure adequate sun exposure and air circulation.

Each of these grape varieties contributes to the rich tapestry of Meskheti's viticulture, embodying the region's unique environmental conditions and centuries-old winemaking traditions.

The Meskheti wine region in Georgia, known for its rich viticultural heritage and unique grape varieties, offers a diverse range of wines that are as intriguing as the landscape they originate from. This region, characterized by its high-altitude vineyards and terraced landscapes, nurtures a variety of grapes that contribute to its distinctive wines. Each wine produced here, from Akhaltsikhis Tetri to Tamaris Vazi, exhibits a unique aromatic and flavor profile that reflects the rich soil and ancient winemaking traditions of Meskheti.

  1. Akhaltsikhis Tetri: This white wine, known for its crisp and refreshing nature, typically exhibits floral aromas paired with citrusy notes. Its flavor profile often includes hints of green apple and pear, making it a delightful choice for those who enjoy a light, aromatic white wine.
  2. Meskhuri Mtsvane: A notable white varietal from Meskheti, Meskhuri Mtsvane is cherished for its delicate floral scents and subtle fruitiness. It often presents a palate of ripe peaches and apricots, balanced with a gentle acidity that provides a clean finish.
  3. Meskhuri Kharistvala: This variety, often crafted into a robust red wine, tends to exhibit a deep, ruby color. It is characterized by its rich berry aromas, such as blackberry and cherry, complemented by a subtle earthiness and notes of oak from aging.
  4. Saparuli: Another red wine from the region, Saparuli is known for its bold and full-bodied nature. It typically offers a complex bouquet of dark fruits like plums and blackcurrants, intertwined with hints of spice and sometimes a touch of leather, reflecting its aging process.
  5. Kharistvala: This wine, both in its white and red variants, is admired for its balance and depth. The white Kharistvala often presents floral and fruity notes, whereas the red variant might offer a more intense flavor profile with dark fruits and a hint of spice.
  6. Bejana: A unique wine from Meskheti, Bejana is often characterized by its amber hue and nutty, honeyed flavors. It's known for its complex aromas, which might include dried fruits, apricot, and a distinct earthiness.
  7. Tavdakiduli: This lesser-known variety produces a wine that is often light-bodied with a bright acidity. It's known for its fresh, fruity flavors, which can include notes of citrus and green fruits, making it a refreshing option on a warm day.
  8. Roketula: Typically a red wine, Roketula is appreciated for its deep color and tannic structure. It often exudes aromas of dark berries and forest fruits, with a palate that might include hints of vanilla and tobacco, especially if oak-aged.
  9. Tskhenisdzudzu: This intriguing variety usually results in a wine that is rich in both color and flavor. It often has a floral and fruity nose, with a palate that can range from blackberries and cherries to subtle herbaceous notes.
  10. Tamaris Vazi: Known for its rarity, this wine often exhibits a complex array of flavors and aromas. It can range from floral and fruity to earthy and spicy, depending on the winemaking techniques used.

Each of these wines from the Meskheti region represents a unique aspect of Georgian winemaking, offering a glimpse into the rich cultural and historical tapestry of the area. They are not only beverages but also storytellers, narrating the tale of a land steeped in winemaking traditions.


900-1700 m




Meskheti boasts carbonaceous alluvial, high-altitude clay, and widespread brown soils, each contributing to its unique terroir.

top varietal

Akhaltsikhis Tetri, Meskhuri Mtsvane, Meskhuri Kharistvala, Saparuli, Kharistvala, Bejana, Tavdakiduli, Roketula, Tskhenisdzudzu, Tamaris Vazi

History of wine

The Meskheti wine region, nestled amongst the lofty peaks of Georgia's mountainous terrain, stands as one of the highest vine-growing regions not only in the country but quite possibly in the entire world. Here, an astonishing altitude range of 900 to 1,700 meters above sea level serves as the vineyards' unique canvas—a fact that might astound many. As chronicled by Shalva Tsikvadze, a notable authority on Meskheti's winemaking history, it's within the shadow of the Mtkvari River, in areas like Potskhovi and Kobliani, where south, south-east, and south-west-facing slopes bask in extended hours of sunlight. This region, historically known as the "zvare," witnesses vines awakening earlier in the year, nurturing grapes with an abundance of sugar. As a result, the wine produced in this micro-zone boasts superior quality compared to its counterparts from terraced vineyards on the right bank of the river, an area fondly referred to by locals as "the shadowy zone."

Meskheti holds a significant place in the annals of Georgia's ancient winemaking regions, with some experts speculating that it may have birthed some of the nation's most ancient grape varieties, including Saperavi, Dzelshavi, Khikhvi, and others. However, the Turkish invasion of the Samtskhe saatabago (dukedom) in 1578 marked a dark period in the region's winemaking history, leading to the progressive decline of viticulture. Nonetheless, a census conducted in 1595 reveals a surprising resurgence, with around 10-12,000 tons of grapes harvested in the Aspindza area alone—an impressive feat, considering the circumstances.

The true revival of Meskheti's winemaking legacy dawned in the 1940s and 50s. Pioneering Georgian scientists Maxime Ramishvili and Davit Tabidze delved into the region's viticultural potential and indigenous grape varieties during the 1930s and 40s. Sadly, their findings were co-opted by the Soviet government. Yet, this era witnessed the cultivation of new grape varieties like Goruli mtsvane, Chinuri, Rkatsiteli, Pinot, Aligoté, and Khikhvi, primarily destined for the production of sparkling wines.

Traditionally, vineyards in Meskheti graced the terraced landscapes. However, in modern times, only the Natenadzes' wine cellar continues to produce limited quantities of Meskhetian wine, as vineyards now cover a relatively small portion of the region. In sum, the future of Meskhetian viticulture and winemaking gleams with promise, poised to rekindle the ancient traditions and elevate the region's standing in the world of wine.


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