47° 54' 0" N


20° 22' 0" E



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about this region

Nestled within the heart of Hungary, the Felso-Magyarorszag wine region enchants with its captivating landscape and a rich tapestry of vineyards. This picturesque terroir unfolds in rolling hills and lush valleys, creating an idyllic setting for winemaking. Amidst this natural beauty, vineyards thrive, and the region has earned its place in Hungary's wine heritage.

Felso-Magyarorszag's undulating terrain offers a diverse topography, with slopes that rise and fall gracefully, catching the sun's rays at different angles throughout the day. It is within these vine-covered hills that the region's viticultural story unfolds. Here, the main grape varieties like Merlot, Chardonnay, Pinot Grigio, Muskat Ottonel, Gewürztraminer, Irsai Oliver, and Pinot Blanc flourish, their roots digging deep into the soil, absorbing the essence of the land.

The landscape's natural beauty is further enhanced by its vineyard-draped villages and towns. Historic estates and modern wineries coexist, a testament to the region's enduring commitment to winemaking traditions while embracing innovation.

Felso-Magyarorszag's unique combination of geography, climate, and grape varieties results in wines that reflect the terroir and character of this captivating region. Each vintage is a tribute to the synergy between the land and the winemakers, producing wines that capture the essence of Felso-Magyarorszag's stunning landscape.


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Vineyard Hectares




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Discover Terroir

The Felso-Magyarorszag wine region, nestled within Hungary's heartland, boasts a captivating and diverse landscape that serves as the picturesque canvas for its vineyards. This enchanting terroir unfolds with undulating hills and valleys, creating an idyllic backdrop for winemaking.

As you journey through the Felso-Magyarorszag wine region, you'll encounter a tapestry of rolling slopes and meandering valleys. These hills, draped in vineyards, present a mesmerizing blend of green hues and golden shades that transform with the changing seasons. The region's elevation varies, with some areas rising to higher altitudes, offering panoramic views of the surrounding countryside.

The landscape is intricately woven with meandering rivers and streams, which not only enrich the soil but also contribute to the region's microclimate. These waterways add a dynamic and soothing element to the scenery, mirroring the ever-shifting sky and infusing the surroundings with a sense of tranquility.

Amidst the vine-clad hills, charming villages appear as if frozen in time. Traditional houses line narrow streets, exuding a rustic charm that reflects centuries of winemaking heritage. Nestled amidst the vineyards, these villages provide a glimpse into the region's rich cultural history.

The Felso-Magyarorszag wine region's landscape is not only visually captivating but also harbors a hidden treasure within its soil and climate. The unique amalgamation of soils, shaped by ancient volcanic activity, and a temperate climate create an ideal environment for grape cultivation. This natural harmony, interwoven with the landscape, imparts distinctive character to the grapes.

In essence, the Felso-Magyarorszag wine region's landscape is a harmonious fusion of nature's artistry and human craftsmanship, where vine-covered hills, meandering rivers, and historic villages converge to create an enchanting setting for one of Hungary's most esteemed wine regions.

The Felső-Magyarország region in Hungary, which includes notable wine-producing areas like Eger, Mátra, and Bükk, experiences a climate that is Central European and continental. This climate is characterized by hot summers and cold winters, creating conditions that are favorable for both white and red wine production.

The region receives about 2,000 hours of sunshine annually, which is conducive to viticulture. This ample sunshine, combined with the varied microclimates, supports the growth of the 223 registered grape varieties in Hungary, over 60 of which are indigenous to the area. The diversity of soil types, including sand, loess, loam, limestone, and various volcanic rocks, further contributes to the unique quality of wines produced in this region.

Despite Hungary's relatively small size and uniform topography, the influence of the surrounding Carpathian and Alpine mountain ranges creates distinct climatic variations across different regions. The prevailing wind direction in Hungary is northwest, due to the country's location within the zone of western winds and its position surrounded by mountain ranges.

The climatic conditions in Hungary, and by extension in the Felső-Magyarország region, are classified into different zones based on the methodology developed by György Péczely. This classification considers both the heat and water supply of regions, leading to the identification of warm-dry, warm, moderately warm, moderately cool, and cool climatic conditions in various parts of the country. The Bükk Plateau, for instance, is one area in Felső-Magyarország that is characterized by cool-wet climatic conditions.

Overall, the climatic conditions in Felső-Magyarország play a significant role in the viticulture of the region, contributing to the production of high-quality wines that are distinct to this area of Hungary​​​​.

In Hungary's diverse Felső-Magyarország wine region, the soil landscape unfolds as a testament to the intricate interplay between nature and geology. Each soil type in this enchanting region tells a unique story of its formation, influences, and role in shaping the viticultural tapestry. Let's delve into the distinct soils that define this captivating terroir:

  1. Uvisols: In the hilly and mountainous areas of Felső-Magyarország, where forest vegetation thrives, Uvisols reign supreme. These fertile soils bear the imprint of percolating water, leading to the accumulation of clay in the subsoil. Uvisols, enriched by the presence of forests, play a vital role in the region's ecosystem, contributing to its biodiversity and providing a foundation for sustainable viticulture.
  2. Cambisols: As one moves between the mountains and the Hungarian Great Plain, Cambisols make their presence known. These are young soils, still in the process of developing a distinct profile. Despite their youthful nature, Cambisols offer a promising canvas for grape cultivation, showcasing the potential for growth and evolution in this dynamic wine region.
  3. Chernozems: In the lowland areas of Felső-Magyarország, where the agricultural heart of Hungary beats, Chernozems take center stage. These dark and fertile soils are the lifeblood of Hungary's agricultural production. Rich in organic matter and nutrients, Chernozems support a thriving agricultural landscape, which includes the cultivation of grapes, contributing to the region's wine-making legacy.
  4. Fluvisols: Along the winding river valleys of Felső-Magyarország, Fluvisols have developed on stratified sediments. These soils are shaped by the ebb and flow of river systems, offering a dynamic environment for grape cultivation. The interaction between the rivers and Fluvisols adds an extra layer of complexity to the region's terroir.
  5. Arenosols: In specific pockets of the region, Arenosols make their presence felt. These soils have formed on windblown sands, creating unique conditions for viticulture. The sandy profile of Arenosols allows for excellent drainage, influencing the character of wines produced from grapes grown in these areas.
  6. Solonchaks and Solonetzs: In situations where groundwater containing soluble salts hovers close to the surface and evaporation surpasses precipitation, salt-affected soils such as Solonchaks and Solonetzs emerge. These soils present unique challenges to agriculture, requiring careful management to mitigate the impact of salts on grapevines.

These diverse soil types, each with its distinct characteristics, interact with the region's agricultural practices and face the challenges posed by climate change. Together, they define the agricultural landscape and capabilities of Felső-Magyarország, adding depth and complexity to the wines that emerge from this captivating Hungarian wine region.


Within the scenic vineyards of Hungary's Felso-Magyarorszag wine region, a diverse array of grape varieties thrives, each with distinct agricultural and climatic preferences. Let's delve into the unique requirements of these remarkable grapes that paint the viticultural canvas of this region.

  1. Merlot: The adaptable Merlot, a red grape of renown, finds a comfortable abode in Felso-Magyarorszag. It flourishes in soils with excellent drainage and basks in a warm, sun-kissed climate. Its ability to thrive in various terroirs makes it a versatile choice for crafting exceptional red wines.
  2. Chardonnay: Chardonnay, esteemed for its white wines, seeks specific conditions in Felso-Magyarorszag. It favors deep, fertile soils with optimal drainage capabilities. This grape variety flourishes under a moderate climate, where ample sunlight and gentle temperatures during the growing season allow it to reach its peak maturity.
  3. Pinot Grigio: Pinot Grigio, another noteworthy white grape, finds its rhythm in Felso-Magyarorszag's vineyards. It thrives in soils that retain moisture effectively and enjoys a slightly cooler climate. This grape variety flourishes when provided with balanced rainfall and the right amount of sunlight to develop its distinctive attributes.
  4. Muskat Ottonel: Muskat Ottonel, celebrated for its aromatic potential, discovers its home in the region. It performs optimally in soils with moderate fertility and excellent drainage. A microclimate that offers warmth and abundant sunshine is ideal for nurturing this grape, enabling it to express its aromatic charm.
  5. Gewürztraminer: Gewürztraminer, known for its exotic aromas, takes root in Felso-Magyarorszag's vineyards. It prefers soils that ensure adequate water drainage and moderate fertility levels. A continental climate, characterized by warm summers and cool nights, helps preserve the grape's aromatic intensity.
  6. Irsai Oliver: Irsai Oliver, a grape with a distinct character, harmonizes with the local conditions. It thrives in soils that retain moisture well and enjoys the warmth of a summer climate. Notably, this grape variety ripens early, making it well-suited to the region's growing season.
  7. Pinot Blanc: Pinot Blanc, celebrated for its refreshing qualities, takes its place in Felso-Magyarorszag. It thrives in soils with excellent drainage and moderate fertility. This grape variety flourishes under a climate that balances sunlight with cool evenings, preserving its natural acidity and freshness.

Amidst the picturesque vineyards of Felso-Magyarorszag, these grape varieties, with their unique agricultural and climatic preferences, contribute to the region's diverse viticultural tapestry. Their individual characteristics shine through in the wines they yield, reflecting both the terroir and the artistry of winemaking in this captivating Hungarian wine region.

Nestled within Hungary's enchanting Felső-Magyarország wine region, encompassing the Eger, Mátra, and Bükk areas, a rich tapestry of wines flourishes, each reflecting the unique terroir and winemaking artistry of this captivating region.

  1. Egri Bikavér (Bull's Blood): The Eger region is synonymous with Egri Bikavér, an iconic and robust red blend that has earned its place in the annals of Hungarian winemaking. Typically anchored by the Kékfrankos grape as the primary variety, this blend also features Kadarka, Cabernet Franc, and Merlot, among others. The result is a wine of great depth and character, marked by bold red fruit flavors, earthy undertones, and a hint of spice. Egri Bikavér is a testament to the region's red winemaking prowess and its ability to craft wines with a rich, complex profile.
  2. Leányka and Olaszrizling: Eger's viticultural palette extends beyond reds, with the region gaining recognition for its exceptional white wines. Leányka, a beloved grape variety, offers a white wine characterized by delicate floral notes, a refreshing acidity, and a hint of citrus. Olaszrizling, another white gem, contributes to the region's white wine reputation with its crispness and vibrant fruit flavors. These white wines exemplify Eger's versatility and commitment to crafting wines of both depth and finesse.
  3. Mátra White Wines: The Mátra wine region, celebrated for its diverse soils and favorable grape-growing conditions, is a haven for white wine enthusiasts. Here, a harmonious chorus of grape varieties takes center stage, including Rizlingszilváni, Olaszrizling, Muscat, Szürkebarát, and Chardonnay. These white wines shine with their pronounced freshness, a vibrant fruit-forward character, and an alluring aromatic profile. Mátra's white wines are a testament to the region's commitment to preserving the purity of its fruit and showcasing the elegance of its terroir.

In the enchanting vineyards of Felső-Magyarország, these wines, whether red or white, stand as ambassadors of the region's winemaking heritage. They encapsulate the essence of the land, the dedication of its vintners, and the profound diversity of this captivating Hungarian wine region.






Felső-Magyarország's most common soils include Uvisols in hilly areas, Chernozems in lowlands, and Fluvisols along river valleys.

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Merlot, Chardonnay, Pinot Grigio, Muskat Ottonel, Gewürztraminer, Irsai Oliver, Pinot Blanc

History of wine

The history of winemaking in the Felső-Magyarország region of Hungary is rich and dates back to ancient times. The first archaeological evidence of grapes and wine in Hungary comes from the 1st century BC, showcasing the Celtic origins of viticulture in the area. The Roman Empire's expansion into the Carpathian Basin further developed the wine culture, particularly in the regions like the Balaton Highlands and Szerémség.

During the Roman era, the province of Pannonia (today's Transdanubia) was known for producing wines comparable to those from the Italian Peninsula. However, Emperor Domitian's edict in 92 AD to destroy vineyards in the region temporarily hindered wine production until Emperor Valerius Probus revived it in 282 AD. The Hungarians, upon their conquest of the basin, combined their ancient Inner-Asian and Caucasian winemaking traditions with the Roman practices already present in the area. The influence of settlers from Italy, Burgundy, Anjou, and the Rhine valley, as well as the Benedictine Order and teaching orders, significantly contributed to the development of Hungarian viticulture.

The medieval era saw the rise of renowned wine regions like Szerémség, the Balaton region, Szekszárd, and Eger. The Hungarian King Matthias Corvinus, who reigned in the 15th century, played a key role in promoting viticulture. However, the Turkish occupation, which lasted about one and a half centuries, negatively impacted wine production, although Tokaj emerged as a significant wine-producing area during this time.

The 18th and 19th centuries marked a significant period for Hungarian winemaking, with Hungary becoming a major wine producer. The phylloxera epidemic in the late 19th century devastated vineyards across Europe, including Hungary, but the industry recovered through the adaptation of new techniques and the use of American rootstocks.

Following World War II, the focus in Hungary shifted to mass-produced wines, which led to a decline in quality. However, since the political changes in 1989 and Hungary's EU membership, there has been a resurgence in quality wine production, with a focus on both traditional and innovative techniques. Today, Hungary is recognized for its diverse and high-quality wines, including internationally renowned sweet Tokaji, as well as full-bodied white wines and reds like Kadarka and Cabernet Franc.

This history highlights the enduring tradition and resilience of Hungarian winemaking, which has adapted to various historical challenges and influences to create a unique and rich wine culture​​​​​​.


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