Offida DOCG

Offida DOCG

42° 56' 5.96" N


13° 41' 51.83" E




about this subregion

Discover the unique wines of the Offida DOCG

The Offida DOCG, located in the Marche wine region of Italy (also known as Le Marche), is renowned for its unique environmental conditions that contribute to the production of exceptional wines. This DOCG, that  shares the same area with the Terre di Offida DOC, and overlaps the Rosso Piceno DOC  enjoys a Mediterranean climate characterized by hot, dry summers and mild, rainy winters. Average summer temperatures range between 21°C and 23°C, while winter temperatures typically fall between 6°C and 7°C.

The region's soils are diverse, predominantly clayey, which provides good water retention and drainage. Calcareous soils help regulate pH and add minerals, while sandy-clay soils in lower areas offer excellent drainage and root penetration. Deep cambisols support healthy root systems and nutrient uptake​​​​​​.

The main grapes within this wine region are Montepulciano on the red grapes side and Pecorino and Passerina on the white grapes side. These grapes thrive in the diverse soils and Mediterranean climate of Offidia, allowing to produce unique wines.

The combination of climate and soil in Offida DOCG provides ideal conditions for producing high-quality wines, making it a renowned wine-producing region.


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Vineyard Hectares





Discover Terroir

Characteristics of the Landscape in Offida DOCG

The Offida DOCG area, located in the Marche region of Italy, is celebrated for its picturesque landscape, which plays a crucial role in the production of its renowned wines. This region is characterized by a combination of hilly terrains, scenic valleys, and historical elements that contribute to its unique viticultural environment.

Offida DOCG lies in the province of Ascoli Piceno, extending across several municipalities. The vineyards are predominantly situated on rolling hills, which provide an ideal setting for vine cultivation. The altitude of these vineyards ranges from 50 to 650 meters above sea level, offering a variety of microclimates and exposures. This variation in altitude helps in growing different grape varieties that benefit from the distinct conditions found at different heights.

The landscape of Offida is interspersed with the valleys of the Tesino and Tronto rivers, which enhance the scenic beauty of the area. These valleys not only contribute to the aesthetic appeal but also play a role in the local climate by moderating temperatures and providing necessary water sources for the vineyards. The presence of these valleys ensures that the vineyards are well-drained, which is essential for healthy grape growth.

Offida itself is a town with deep historical roots, dating back to the Stone Age and being a center of the Picene civilization. The region is dotted with medieval villages, historic castles, and churches, which add a cultural richness to the landscape. This historical backdrop creates a unique environment where traditional viticulture methods have been preserved and continue to thrive.

The landscape of Offida is also characterized by Mediterranean flora, including cypress trees, olive groves, and a variety of other native plants. This biodiversity supports a balanced ecosystem, which is beneficial for sustainable viticulture. The mix of agricultural lands with natural vegetation helps in maintaining soil health and preventing erosion.

In summary, the landscape of Offida DOCG is marked by its rolling hills, scenic valleys, historical elements, and rich biodiversity. These characteristics not only contribute to the beauty of the region but also play a vital role in the cultivation of high-quality grapes that produce the renowned wines of Offida DOCG.

Climate of the Offida DOCG

The Offida DOCG, located in the Marche region of Italy, enjoys a Mediterranean climate characterized by its moderate temperatures and seasonal variations. This climate is instrumental in the cultivation of the region’s renowned grape varieties.

Temperature and Seasons

Offida DOCG experiences hot, dry summers and mild, rainy winters. During the summer months, average temperatures range between 21°C and 23°C, creating ideal conditions for grape ripening. In contrast, winter temperatures average between 6°C and 7°C, providing a necessary period of dormancy for the vines. The annual temperature range, which measures the difference between the average temperatures of the hottest and coldest months, is around 17°C to 18°C.

Rainfall and Humidity

The region receives an average annual precipitation of 650 to 850 mm, distributed over approximately 80-90 rainy days. The majority of rainfall occurs in the autumn months, particularly from October to December, while July sees the least amount of rain. This pattern ensures that the vines receive adequate water during their critical growing phases without the risk of excessive humidity, which can lead to disease.

Geographical Influences

The climate of Offida DOCG is significantly influenced by its geographical features. The proximity to the Adriatic Sea provides a moderating effect, helping to cool the vineyards and reduce temperature extremes. Additionally, the Apennine Mountains offer protection from harsh weather, contributing to the stable climate. The varied altitudes of the vineyards, ranging from 50 to 650 meters above sea level, also create microclimates that enhance the complexity of the wines produced in this region.

The Mediterranean climate, with its balance of warmth, sunlight, and sufficient rainfall, is ideal for growing high-quality grapes. The warm summers ensure that the grapes achieve full ripeness, while the cooler nights help to preserve acidity and freshness. This climate supports the production of wines with balanced structure, good acidity, and expressive flavors.

In conclusion, the climate of Offida DOCG, marked by its Mediterranean characteristics and moderated by the Adriatic Sea and Apennine Mountains, plays a crucial role in the cultivation of its esteemed grape varieties, including Pecorino, Passerina, and Montepulciano​​​​​​​​.

The Offida DOCG region, situated in the Marche area of Italy, is renowned for its distinctive soils that significantly contribute to the character of its wines. These soils vary across the region but share common features that make them particularly suitable for viticulture.

  1. Clayey Soils: The predominant soil type in the Offida DOCG is clayey. These soils have a medium to high density and provide excellent water retention capabilities, which is crucial during the dry summer months. The clay content helps to maintain moisture around the vine roots, ensuring that the plants have access to water even during periods of drought. This type of soil also promotes good drainage, preventing waterlogging that can harm the vines.
  2. Calcareous Soils: Another important soil type found in the Offida DOCG is calcareous soil. These soils are rich in calcium carbonate, which helps to regulate the pH levels and contributes to the overall health of the vines. Calcareous soils are known for their ability to produce grapes with high acidity and balanced mineral content, which are essential for creating wines with structure and complexity.
  3. Sandy-Clay Soils: In some areas, particularly in the lower-lying regions near the Adriatic coast, the soils are a mix of sand and clay. These sandy-clay soils provide excellent drainage while still retaining sufficient moisture. The sandy component allows for better root penetration, encouraging deep rooting, which can enhance the vine’s resilience to climatic stress.
  4. Deep Cambisols: The vineyards in Offida DOCG often sit on deep cambisols, which are soils that have undergone significant development through pedogenesis. These soils are well-aggregated and porous, providing a hospitable environment for vine roots. The depth of these soils, typically greater than 80-100 cm, ensures that the vines have ample room to establish a robust root system, which is crucial for nutrient uptake and stability.

In conclusion, the soils of the Offida DOCG are a fundamental component of its terroir, playing a vital role in producing the distinctive wines of the region. The combination of clayey, calcareous, and sandy-clay soils, along with deep cambisols, creates an ideal setting for the cultivation of Pecorino, Passerina, and Montepulciano grapes, which are the backbone of Offida’s renowned wines.


Most Common Grapes from the Offida DOCG

The Offida DOCG is a distinguished wine appellation located in the Marche, also known as Le Marche, wine region of Italy. Recognized for its high-quality wines, Offida DOCG primarily cultivates three grape varieties: Pecorino, Passerina, and Montepulciano. These grapes thrive in the unique climatic and agricultural conditions of the region, contributing to the esteemed reputation of Offida wines.

Most Common White Grapes

Pecorino: Pecorino grapes flourish in the hilly terrain of the Marche region. They require well-drained soils, often benefiting from calcareous and clayey compositions. The grape thrives in a Mediterranean climate, with warm summers and mild winters, which helps in achieving optimal ripeness. Pecorino vines are moderately vigorous and can handle various altitudes, though they perform best between 200 and 500 meters above sea level. Adequate sun exposure and a good balance of rain throughout the growing season are crucial for these grapes.

Passerina: Passerina is another prominent white grape variety in the Offida DOCG. This grape prefers sandy and clay soils, which provide the right amount of nutrients and drainage. The Mediterranean climate of the Marche region, with its warm temperatures and adequate rainfall, suits Passerina perfectly. This variety is known for its resistance to diseases and pests, making it relatively easy to cultivate. The vines of Passerina are hardy and adaptable, thriving at various altitudes and ensuring consistent yields.

Most Common Red Grapes

Montepulciano: Montepulciano is the most common red grape in the Offida DOCG. This grape variety requires deep, fertile soils with good drainage, typically found in the alluvial plains and hillside vineyards of the Marche region. The Montepulciano grape thrives in a warm Mediterranean climate, with hot summers and mild winters. It benefits from long sunlight exposure, which helps in developing the rich color and tannins characteristic of the grape. Montepulciano vines are vigorous and productive, often requiring careful management to control yields and ensure high-quality fruit.

In conclusion, the Offida DOCG in the Marche region of Italy is renowned for its cultivation of Pecorino, Passerina, and Montepulciano grapes. These varieties are well-suited to the region's unique soil compositions and Mediterranean climate, allowing them to thrive and produce wines of exceptional quality.

Offida DOCG, situated in the Marche or Le Marche wine region of Italy, is celebrated for its exceptional wines made from local grape varieties. The most common wines produced in this region are Pecorino, Passerina, and Offida Rosso. Each of these wines showcases unique aromatic and flavor profiles that highlight the distinct characteristics of their respective grape compositions.

Most Common White Wines

Pecorino: Pecorino is crafted from the Pecorino grape. This wine is known for its vibrant and complex aromatic profile. It often exhibits notes of white flowers, citrus fruits, and a touch of minerality. On the palate, Pecorino is fresh and well-structured, with flavors of green apple, pear, and a hint of herbal undertones. Its crisp acidity and long finish make it a refreshing and enjoyable wine.

Passerina: Made from the Passerina grape, Passerina is a light and aromatic white wine. It features delicate aromas of citrus blossoms, tropical fruits, and subtle hints of almond. The flavor profile includes notes of lemon, pineapple, and a slight nutty finish. Passerina is characterized by its bright acidity and smooth texture, making it a versatile wine for various occasions.

Most Common Red Wines

Rosso: Rosso is a red wine predominantly made from the Montepulciano grape, often blended with a small percentage of other local varieties. This wine boasts a rich and intense aromatic profile, with prominent notes of dark berries, plum, and hints of spice. On the palate, Rosso is full-bodied and robust, featuring flavors of blackberry, cherry, and a touch of earthiness. The tannins are well-integrated, providing a balanced structure and a long, satisfying finish.

In conclusion, Offida DOCG in the Marche region produces remarkable wines such as Pecorino, Passerina, and Rosso. These wines are celebrated for their distinct aromatic and flavor profiles, reflecting the unique qualities of their grape compositions.