Situated in the picturesque regions of western Sicily, the Alcamo Denominazione di Origine Controllata (DOC) is a testament to the harmonious blend of nature's bounty and the traditions of winemaking. A realm where rolling hills are caressed by the Mediterranean sun, the Alcamo DOC boasts of an environment that nurtures the growth of an impressive variety of grapes, each contributing its own unique character to the wines of this region.
Among the red grape varieties, Cabernet Franc emerges with its aromatic and herbaceous notes. It sits alongside the bold and tannic Cabernet Sauvignon, a global favorite that has found a warm home in Alcamo. The Frappato grape, though less renowned globally, brings to the table its soft, fruity, and refreshingly acidic characteristics, further enriching the DOC's red wine spectrum.
White wines, with their crisp and aromatic profiles, also thrive in this nurturing environment. Ansonica, known for its floral aroma and refreshing minerality, stands out as a regional specialty. Meanwhile, Catarratto, one of Sicily's most prolific white grape varieties, lends its citrusy and often almond-tinged notes to the mix. Not to be left behind, the globally celebrated Chardonnay thrives here as well, contributing its creamy texture and vivacious flavors of apple and pear.
Together, these grape varieties, nurtured by Alcamo's unique environment, embody the essence of this DOC, creating wines that are not just an experience for the palate but also a reflection of the land's rich heritage.
The Alcamo DOC appellation is located in the wine region of Sicily, southwest of Palermo. This DOC covers 9 municipalities around the town of Alcamo, in the province of Trapani: Calatafimi, Castellammare del Golfo, Gibellina, Balestrate, Camporeale, Monreale, Partinico , San Cipirello and San Giuseppe Jato.
In this DOC, the climate is warm Mediterranean, similar to the rest of Sicily. Winter temperatures do not usually drop below 7.22°C, while summer temperatures do not usually exceed 29.4°C. Rainfall is usually in the range of 500 to 600 mm per year
Alcamo soils have a high concentration of calcium carbonate, which not only keeps the soils cool but also gives them greater water retention. In addition, they are composed of marine deposits, marl and sand. Thanks to this type of soil, regional wines tend to be fresh and have mineral notes
Most Planted Red Grape Varieties: Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Frappato
Most Planted White Grape Varieties: Ansonica, Catarratto, Chardonnay
In the enchanting Alcamo DOC wine region of Sicily, Italy, red and white wines showcase the essence of the Mediterranean terroir with a perfect blend of indigenous and international grape varieties.
For the red wines, the most common blend features a minimum of 60% Nero d'Avola, Sicily's signature grape. Its bold and rich character brings forth ripe cherry and plum flavors with a touch of spice. The addition of up to 40% Cabernet Sauvignon, Frappato, Merlot, Perricone, Sangiovese, and/or Syrah further enriches the blend, imparting complexity and balance. A delicate touch of up to 10% of other authorized grape varieties adds nuance, resulting in a luscious red wine with velvety tannins and a harmonious finish.
As for the white wines, the spotlight is on Catarratto, comprising at least 60% of the blend. Its vibrant acidity and fruity notes of citrus and tropical fruits make it the backbone of Alcamo's whites. Up to 40% of Ansonica, Chardonnay, Grecanico Dorato, Grillo, Müller-Thurgau, and/or Sauvignon Blanc join the ensemble, contributing their own distinct aromatics and textures. A maximum of 20% of other authorized white grape varieties brings additional layers of flavor, creating a refreshing and balanced white wine.
In Alcamo DOC, winemakers cherish the heritage of indigenous grapes and embrace the allure of international varieties, crafting wines that reflect the region's rich winemaking tradition. Whether indulging in the robust and expressive reds or savoring the vibrant and crisp whites, Alcamo DOC wines invite enthusiasts to embark on a sensory journey through the captivating landscapes of Sicily's wine culture.