Alta Valle della Greve IGP

Alta Valle della Greve IGP

43°46′ N


11°15′ E




about this subregion

Nestled within the province of Florence in Tuscany, the Alta Valle della Greve IGP is a viticultural area steeped in natural beauty and winemaking tradition. The region is characterized by its scenic landscapes, rolling hills, lush valleys, and well-drained soils—a perfect canvas for vine cultivation. The climatic conditions are quintessentially Mediterranean, marked by warm summers and mild winters, yet moderated by the intricate topography and altitude variations that add complexity to the local terroir.

Sangiovese, the king of Tuscan grapes, finds an ideal home here. The variety thrives in the well-drained, calcareous soils, producing wines of exceptional character with notes of dark cherries, plums, and subtle hints of spices and earth. Canaiolo, another indigenous grape, is often blended with Sangiovese, imparting softer tannins and aromatic nuances of red fruits and violets to the wines.

Colorino adds depth and color intensity to blends, contributing dark fruit flavors and a structured palate, ideal for wines meant for aging. On the white side, Trebbiano holds its ground as a traditional Tuscan white grape, offering wines that are crisp, fresh, and adorned with flavors of green apple, lemon, and floral undertones.

Together, these grape varieties capture the essence of the Alta Valle della Greve's rich environmental tapestry. Each vineyard, sculpted by nature and nurtured by generations of winemakers, tells a unique story—one that is uncorked and celebrated in every bottle bearing the Alta Valle della Greve IGP label.


vinerra illustration

Vineyard Hectares





Discover Terroir

Tucked away in the rolling hills of Tuscany, the Alta Valle della Greve IGP offers a landscape that's nothing short of poetic. Located within the province of Florence, this viticultural area captures the quintessence of Tuscan beauty, complete with its sweeping vistas, ancient olive groves, and sun-drenched vineyards. The region is cradled by natural boundaries that add not just scenic allure but also a range of microclimates and soil types conducive to grape growing.

The Greve River meanders through the valley, enriching the soil and creating pockets of alluvial deposits ideal for viticulture. Flanked by hilly terrains that gradually escalate into the early stages of the Apennine Mountains, the area offers a patchwork of elevations. These elevations present unique sun exposures, drainage conditions, and climatic variations, each contributing to the complex characteristics of the wines produced here.

Beyond vineyards, the landscape is dotted with cypress trees, their towering forms serving as iconic sentinels over the fields below. Traditional Tuscan farmhouses, or "case coloniche," add a rustic charm to the landscape, their stone walls and terracotta roofs epitomizing the rich architectural heritage of the region. Olive groves and fields of wild herbs like rosemary and thyme complete the picture, their fragrances mingling with the scents of ripe grapes to create the unmistakable aroma of the Tuscan countryside.

This natural tableau serves as more than just a backdrop; it's a vital component of the terroir that influences the area's diverse range of wines. From the grape varieties that flourish in its fertile soils to the traditional methods employed by its winemakers, the landscape of the Alta Valle della Greve IGP is an integral part of the region's viticultural identity, imbuing each bottle with a sense of place that is distinctly Tuscan.

The climate of the Alta Valle della Greve IGP is a harmonious blend of natural elements, acting in concert to create an environment that is as hospitable to grapevines as it is enchanting to the senses. Situated within Tuscany's province of Florence, the region enjoys a Mediterranean climate infused with nuances brought by its diverse topography and varying altitudes.

The summers are warm and sun-kissed, offering the grapes ample opportunity to ripen fully, thereby developing rich flavors and aromatic complexity. However, the warm season is not simply a monotonous stretch of heat. Periodic winds that meander through the valley act as natural ventilators, reducing the risk of vine diseases and ensuring that the grapes retain their natural acidity. These winds sometimes carry the faint, salt-tinged aroma of the Mediterranean, a reminder of the sea that lies not too far away, and whose influence subtly permeates the local climate.

As summer transitions into autumn, the days remain pleasantly warm while the nights begin to cool. This diurnal temperature variation is a viticultural blessing. It allows the grapes to accumulate sugars during the day while preserving their acidity during the cooler nights, resulting in wines that are both robust and balanced. The autumnal period is crucial for late-ripening varieties, giving them that extra span of time to reach their full expressive potential.

Winter and spring provide their own set of climatic advantages. Winters are generally mild, with enough rainfall to replenish the water table, preparing the vineyards for the growing season ahead. Springs are often characterized by a gradual warming, allowing the vines to awaken from their winter dormancy in a measured and healthy manner.

Yet, the climate here is not just a set of meteorological data points; it is a living entity that interacts with the soil, the vines, and the people who cultivate them. It offers a medley of foggy mornings that make way for clear, starry nights; of summer breezes that rustle the vine leaves, whispering secrets of vintages yet to come; and of occasional thunderstorms that drum their rhythms onto the rolling landscape, as if applauding the eternal dance between nature and agriculture.

In essence, the climate of the Alta Valle della Greve IGP is a complex yet harmonious composition, each season adding its own notes to the symphony that ultimately finds expression in the region's diverse and captivating wines.

The terroir of Alta Valle della Greve IGP is a multifaceted tapestry, woven with an array of soil types that contribute to the region's unique viticultural characteristics. Each type of soil brings its own set of properties, influencing water retention, nutrient availability, and drainage, all of which play a crucial role in grape development and, consequently, wine character. Here is an exploration of the major soil types that shape the wines of this captivating Tuscan region.

  1. Alluvial Soils: Found predominantly in the areas surrounding the Greve River, these soils are a mixture of sand, silt, and clay. They tend to be quite fertile and offer good water retention, making them suitable for a range of grape varieties. Wines from these soils are often well-balanced, capturing a harmony between fruit expression and structural components like acidity and tannin.
  2. Calcareous Soils: These limestone-rich soils are scattered throughout the Alta Valle della Greve, often found in hilly terrains that offer good drainage. Calcareous soils are known for contributing to the grapes' mineral complexity, producing wines with a strong backbone of acidity and layered aromatic profiles. Varieties like Sangiovese often thrive in these conditions, developing nuanced flavors and an elegant structure.
  3. Clayey Soils: Primarily located in the lower-lying areas and valleys, clayey soils offer higher water retention capabilities. They are particularly suitable for late-ripening grape varieties, as they provide a consistent water supply during the crucial late-summer ripening period. Wines from clayey soils often feature fuller bodies, richer flavors, and a propensity for aging.
  4. Schist and Slate: In certain pockets of the region, schist and slate soils can be found, typically in areas with higher elevations. These soils offer excellent drainage and are particularly good for varieties that prefer stress conditions, concentrating the flavors in the grapes. Wines from schist and slate soils often exhibit a unique mineral character, combined with concentrated fruit flavors and a robust structure.
  5. Sandy Soils: Less common but still present, particularly closer to the riverbanks, sandy soils provide excellent drainage and are low in fertility. These conditions are ideal for grape varieties that excel in well-drained conditions, producing wines that are light-bodied with vibrant aromas and a lively acidity.
  6. Loamy Soils: A balanced blend of sand, silt, and clay, loamy soils offer the best of both worlds—good water retention and excellent drainage. They are versatile soils that can accommodate a range of grape varieties, producing wines that are often complex and well-balanced, with a pleasing interplay of fruit, acidity, and tannins.


The vineyards of Alta Valle della Greve IGP offer an evocative setting that perfectly accentuates the unique characteristics of its primary grape varieties. Set against the backdrop of rolling Tuscan hills, these vineyards benefit from well-drained soils and a climate moderated by elevation and topography. This natural environment allows each grape variety to express its most authentic traits, captured in the aromatic and flavor profiles of the wines they produce.

  1. Sangiovese: The star of the region, Sangiovese thrives in the Alta Valle della Greve's calcareous soils. Known for its deep ruby-red hue, Sangiovese wines typically exude complex aromas of dark cherries, plums, and earth, often tinged with subtle notes of tobacco and spice. On the palate, these wines offer a well-balanced structure featuring vibrant acidity and moderate to high tannins, making them perfect for aging and excellent when paired with food.
  2. Canaiolo: Often blended with Sangiovese to add softness and aromatic complexity, Canaiolo brings its own unique traits to the wines of this region. Aromatically, the grape contributes nuances of red berries, violets, and sometimes a hint of white pepper. In terms of flavor, Canaiolo tends to soften the tannic structure of blends, offering a plush, fruity palate characterized by notes of red cherry and raspberry.
  3. Colorino: As the name suggests, Colorino is prized for its ability to contribute deep color to blends. Beyond the visual aspect, this grape also adds aromatic layers of dark fruits like blackberries and blueberries, accompanied by hints of spice and sometimes leather. On the palate, Colorino provides a robust structure, enriching the wine with dark fruit flavors and sturdy tannins, making it suitable for wines intended for aging.
  4. Trebbiano: This white grape variety brings a refreshing counterpoint to the reds of Alta Valle della Greve. Trebbiano wines are typically light in color, almost translucent, with a greenish tint. Aromatically, they offer a bouquet of green apple, lemon zest, and floral notes, sometimes with a hint of almond. On the palate, these wines are crisp and refreshing, marked by high acidity and flavors that mirror their aromatic profile, making them excellent aperitifs or accompaniments to light dishes.

The wines of Alta Valle della Greve IGP capture the rich diversity and tradition of Tuscany's viticultural heritage. With a range of styles that include white, red and rosé wines, this IGP offers something for every palate. From the flexible blending options in Bianco and Rosso wines to the focus on single varieties in Bianco and Rosso Varietals, the winemakers of this region have the creative freedom to craft wines that reflect both the character of the individual grape varieties and the complexities of the local terroir.

  1. Bianco: Comprising any proportion of grape varieties approved for Tuscany, Bianco wines from Alta Valle della Greve offer a multitude of aromatic profiles. Depending on the grapes chosen, one might find notes of green apple, pear, or tropical fruits on the nose. The palate is often refreshing and light, with varying degrees of acidity and minerality, making these wines excellent choices for a variety of culinary pairings.
  2. Bianco Varietals: With a minimum of 85% of any one of the allowed white grape varieties, these wines provide a focused expression of their primary grape. A Trebbiano-based Bianco Varietal, for instance, may offer aromas of green apple and floral undertones, while a Chardonnay might exude richer notes of pear and vanilla. The palate, like the nose, focuses on the characteristics of the primary grape, offering anything from crisp and refreshing to rich and full-bodied flavors.
  3. Rosato: Made from any proportion of grape varieties approved for Tuscany, Rosato wines often feature a beautiful pale pink hue and a delicate nose of strawberries, cherries, and sometimes floral notes. The palate is typically dry, with a refreshing acidity that makes these wines incredibly versatile and food-friendly.
  4. Rosso: With the flexibility to use any proportion of grape varieties approved for Tuscany, Rosso wines showcase a rich array of aromas, often featuring dark fruits like plum and cherry, along with herbal or spicy nuances. The palate generally offers a robust structure, with varying levels of tannins and acidity, making them excellent candidates for aging.
  5. Rosso Varietals: Comprising at least 85% of any one of the allowed red grape varieties, these wines spotlight the unique traits of their main grape. For example, a Sangiovese-dominant Rosso Varietal would likely offer a complex array of dark fruit, spice, and earthy flavors, along with well-structured tannins and bright acidity.