Chianti Classico

Chianti Classico

43° 30' N


11° 15' E




about this subregion

Nestled between the art-rich cities of Florence and Siena lies the renowned wine region of Chianti Classico DOCG. This picturesque Tuscan enclave is characterized by rolling hills, ancient olive groves, and vineyards that have whispered tales of winemaking for centuries. The area's unique environmental makeup, with altitudes ranging between 250 and 600 meters and a favorable climate, provides an ideal terroir for grape cultivation.

The heart and soul of Chianti Classico is the Sangiovese grape. This noble variety embodies the region's passion, producing wines that are a harmonious blend of robust flavors and elegant tannins. While Sangiovese stands proud as the dominant grape, its versatility shines in the various wine classifications of the region.

Chianti Classico "Rosso" represents the most straightforward expression of Sangiovese from this region, offering vibrant and youthful flavors. The "Rosso Riserva" wines, having undergone longer aging, present deeper complexities and richer structures, capturing the essence of the terrain and the finesse of time. At the pinnacle of the region's offerings stands the "Gran Selezione." These wines are sourced from the finest vineyard parcels, undergoing rigorous aging and reflecting the utmost quality and depth that Chianti Classico can achieve.

In every bottle from Chianti Classico, one can taste the devotion to the land and the unending quest for excellence, making it a timeless symbol of Italian wine heritage.


vinerra illustration

Vineyard Hectares





Discover Terroir

Chianti Classico DOCG is a wine region nestled in the heart of Tuscany, Italy. Spanning between the historic and art-rich cities of Florence to the north and Siena to the south, it occupies the core of the broader Chianti wine region. The landscape of Chianti Classico is a picturesque tapestry of rolling hills, cypress tree-lined roads, medieval hamlets, and terracotta-roofed villas. Dotted with ancient olive groves and expansive vineyards, this region captures the very essence of Tuscany's rural charm.

Owing to its central location in Tuscany, Chianti Classico enjoys a temperate climate, moderated by the Tyrrhenian Sea to the west. The diverse soil types and varying altitudes within the region contribute to the distinctiveness of its wines. Over centuries, this land has been celebrated not just for its beauty, but also for its historic significance in the world of viticulture, with its winemaking traditions stretching back to Etruscan times. The designation "Classico" underlines this region's status as the original and most authentic area of Chianti production.

The climate of Chianti Classico DOCG is a pivotal element in sculpting the region's renowned wines. Characterized as a temperate Mediterranean climate, the region benefits from warm, sun-drenched summers and mild, wet winters. The Tyrrhenian Sea, lying to the west, plays a crucial role, casting gentle maritime breezes that regulate temperature extremes and bestow a certain freshness to the grapes.

The intricate topography of Chianti Classico, with its undulating hills and valleys, further refines its climatic identity. Higher altitude vineyards often experience cooler nights, which introduce a diurnal temperature variation, essential for preserving acidity and aromatic compounds in the grapes. Conversely, vineyards nestled in valleys or lower altitudes might receive more warmth, promoting ripeness and concentration of flavors.

This harmonious interplay of warm days, cool nights, and maritime influences ensures a longer growing season, allowing grapes to mature slowly and evenly. It's this delicate balance that imparts Chianti Classico wines with their signature vibrancy, depth, and complexity. The climate, in tandem with the region's unique terroir, truly encapsulates the essence of every bottle that hails from Chianti Classico DOCG.

The soils of Chianti Classico DOCG offer a rich tapestry of diversity, each lending unique characteristics to the wines birthed from them. This varied soil composition is central to the region's wine identity, infusing every bottle with nuances that are a testament to the land.

  1. Galestro: A defining soil type of Chianti Classico, galestro refers to the friable, schistous clay marl. It is characterized by its ability to fragment into thin laminae. Wines from these soils tend to have pronounced acidity and tannin structure, reflecting the challenges vines face as they penetrate this challenging terrain in search of water.
  2. Alberese: This compact limestone is another significant soil type in the region. It’s harder and stonier than galestro, leading to wines with a robust mineral character. Vines grown in alberese typically produce structured wines with depth and longevity.
  3. Clay: Found in various parts of Chianti Classico, clay-heavy soils tend to retain more moisture. This results in wines that are often fruitier and more voluptuous, with softer tannins and a rounder mouthfeel.
  4. Sand: Sandier soils bring about wines with elegant aromatic qualities. These soils promote good drainage, often producing wines with a more delicate and floral character.
  5. Loam: This is a balanced mix of sand, silt, and clay. Loamy soils, being well-draining yet moisture-retentive, can give rise to wines with a harmonious balance of fruit, acidity, and tannin.
  6. Calcareous: This type of soil is rich in calcium carbonate. Vines rooted in calcareous soils often produce wines with heightened aromatics and a noticeable mineral undertone.


Sangiovese, the illustrious grape of Italy, is most notably recognized in its prestigious role as the backbone of the Chianti Classico DOCG wines.The Sangiovese grape is medium-sized with a thin skin, which imparts a characteristic translucent ruby hue to its wines. The thin skin also contributes to its relatively high susceptibility to viticultural hazards, demanding meticulous care and attention. Yet, when nurtured in the right environment, particularly in the sun-drenched terrains of Chianti Classico, the results are wines of unparalleled grace and authenticity.

Venturing into the glass, Sangiovese unravels a captivating aromatic tapestry. Its bouquet is often a harmonious medley of red cherries, fresh plums, and wild strawberries, underscored by hints of dried roses, earthy tobacco, and delicate spices. On the palate, this grape delivers a vibrant acidity paired with firm yet refined tannins, embodying both the rustic charm and the finesse of Tuscany. Each sip resonates with undertones of tomato leaf, leather, and often a touch of iron mineral bite, creating a layered and enduring tasting experience. It's this dynamic aromatic and flavor profile that makes Sangiovese the centerpiece of Chianti Classico, celebrating the grape's intrinsic connection to its Tuscan homeland.

Chianti Classico DOCG, one of Italy's wine jewels, presents a fascinating spectrum of wines, each showcasing the region's dedication to quality and tradition. At its heart is the Sangiovese grape, which, in combination with other authorized red grapes, forms the foundational structure of these wines, exuding a harmonious blend of vibrancy and depth.

  1. Rosso: The gateway into the world of Chianti Classico wines, the Rosso is aged for a minimum of approximately one year. This brief maturation imbues the wine with a vivacious aromatic profile of fresh red berries, predominantly cherries and raspberries, laced with hints of violet and subtle earthy notes. On the palate, its youthfulness shines through, with refreshing acidity, gentle tannins, and an approachable, fruit-forward charm.
  2. Rosso Riserva Taking a step deeper into the region's vinous offerings, the Riserva undergoes a more extended aging process, resting for a minimum of 24 months, which includes 3 months in the bottle. This patience rewards with an enriched bouquet of ripe blackberries, dried roses, and nuances of tobacco and spice. The palate experiences a dance of enhanced complexity, with the fruit flavors melding into notes of leather, cocoa, and a touch of vanilla, offering a more profound and layered drinking experience.
  3. Gran Selezione: The pinnacle of Chianti Classico offerings, Gran Selezione stands as a testament to the region's commitment to excellence. With grapes meticulously selected only from the winery's own vineyards, and a maturation period of no less than 30 months, including 3 months in bottle, it's a wine of unparalleled distinction. The aromatic profile is an opulent array of black cherries, plums, truffles, and hints of dried herbs. On the palate, the depth is palpable – rich fruit flavors, intertwined with notes of espresso, dark chocolate, and an undercurrent of minerality, culminating in a finish that lingers, echoing the very soul of Chianti Classico.