Elba Aleatico Passito

Elba Aleatico Passito

42°45' N


10°20' E




about this subregion

Elba Aleatico Passito DOCG represents one of Italy's prized wine designations, nestled within the beautiful island of Elba off the Tuscan coast. The region is characterized by its unique Mediterranean climate, a delightful blend of warm sunshine and cooling sea breezes, which offers an idyllic environment for grape cultivation. Among the vines that thrive here, the Aleatico grape stands out, known for its aromatic profile and intense, fruity character.

At the heart of this designation is the art of making "Passito" wines. This ancient winemaking technique involves partially drying the grapes, either under the sun or in well-ventilated rooms, concentrating their sugars and flavors. When these shriveled Aleatico grapes are vinified, they produce a wine with a remarkable depth of flavor, rich in aromas of red fruits, rose petals, and spices. The resulting Elba Aleatico Passito is a sweet wine, offering a harmonious balance of sweetness and acidity, a true testament to the island's terroir and winemaking heritage. This DOCG wine stands as a testament to Elba's capacity to blend tradition, environment, and innovation in every bottle.


vinerra illustration

Vineyard Hectares





Discover Terroir

Elba Aleatico Passito DOCG is nestled on the picturesque island of Elba, which is situated off the Tuscan coast of Italy. As the third-largest Italian island, Elba boasts an environment that seamlessly melds the rugged beauty of its landscapes with the gentle caress of the Mediterranean Sea.

The island is gifted with a distinctive Mediterranean climate, characterized by warm summers and mild winters. This ensures that the grapes enjoy plenty of sun, critical for their ripening, while the nights are cooled by the gentle sea breezes. These maritime influences play a crucial role in moderating temperatures, ensuring that the grapes don't over-ripen and maintaining the delicate balance of sugar, acidity, and flavor in the Aleatico grape.

Elba's varied topography, from its shimmering coastlines to its elevated terrains, further contributes to the uniqueness of its terroir. The soils, often a blend of sandy loam interspersed with minerals, offer excellent drainage, making them particularly suitable for viticulture. This combination of climate, sea influence, and geology provides an environment where the Aleatico grape can express itself in its fullest form, capturing the essence of the island in the distinguished Elba Aleatico Passito DOCG wines.

The Elba Aleatico Passito DOCG region, nestled on the island of Elba, is caressed by the defining characteristics of a Mediterranean climate, further enhanced by its intimate embrace with the surrounding sea.

Summers here are generously warm, bathing the Aleatico grapes in abundant sunshine, vital for the maturation of their sugars. These warm days, however, are never overwhelmingly hot, ensuring the preservation of the grape's innate acidity and aromatic intensity. As the seasons shift, Elba's winters present themselves with a gentle touch. Their mild nature safeguards the vines from potential frost damage, allowing them to rest and reset for the ensuing growth cycle.

Beyond the seasonal dance of temperature, it's the maritime influence that truly sets the stage. The Mediterranean Sea, with its rhythmic breezes, orchestrates a cooling symphony during sultry summer afternoons and ensures a consistent temperate range. This marine embrace not only intensifies the aromatic profile of the wines but also offers protection against extreme weather patterns.

The island's rainfall follows the Mediterranean script, generously quenching the land in the winter while allowing for drier summers. However, the occasional summer shower can be a refreshing respite for the vines. And while the proximity to the sea can elevate humidity levels, Elba's breezes play a vigilant guardian, warding off excess moisture and potential fungal threats.

In the heart of this climatic ballet, the Aleatico grape finds its rhythm, flourishing in harmony with Elba's sun, soil, and sea. The resultant Elba Aleatico Passito wines are eloquent narratives of this beautiful interplay, resonating with the essence of the island's unique climate.

The soils of the Elba Aleatico Passito DOCG region are a canvas of geological history, contributing distinctively to the depth and character of the wines produced in this unique terroir. Their composition and structure play vital roles in determining the water retention, mineral content, and overall health of the vineyards.

Sandy Loam: A prominent soil type in the region, sandy loam offers excellent drainage. The sandy component ensures that excess water doesn't stagnate around the vine roots, preventing root rot and other diseases. This type of soil also warms up quickly in the spring, giving the vines an early start after winter dormancy.

Clayey Patches: In some parts of the region, there are areas with a higher clay content. Clayey soils have the advantage of retaining moisture, which can be especially beneficial during drier periods. They also possess good nutrient retention capabilities, ensuring that vines get consistent nourishment.

Limestone Deposits: Limestone areas can be found interspersed within the region. These deposits are alkaline in nature, and they contribute to soil pH levels, which in turn can influence grape flavors and acidity. Limestone also encourages the vines to develop deep root systems, seeking out moisture and nutrients.

Granitic Outcrops: The island's ancient geological formations have also resulted in patches of granitic soils. These soils tend to be well-draining and can impart a certain minerality to the wines, adding to their complexity.

Mineral-rich Underlay: A key characteristic of Elba's soils is the presence of a varied mineral underlay, including traces of iron, quartz, and other minerals. These contribute to the subtle mineral undertones found in the wines, enriching their flavor profile.


The Aleatico grape is the star of Elba Aleatico Passito DOCG, a jewel in Italy's enological crown. Physically, this grape variety is easily recognizable by its small, tightly clustered berries with a deep purple, almost black hue. The skin is relatively thick, a feature that not only helps in retaining its robust color but also contributes to the grape's unique aromatic complexity. Grown under the Mediterranean sun and tempered by sea breezes on the island of Elba, these grapes are meticulously cared for until they reach optimal ripeness.

When it comes to the aromatic and flavor profile of Aleatico, expect a poetic ensemble of sensory experiences. The grape is highly aromatic, often exuding intense scents of red fruits like cherries and strawberries, along with floral notes of rose petals. Upon tasting, the first thing that strikes is its captivating sweetness, layered with nuanced flavors of ripe berries, dried figs, and spices like cinnamon and cloves. This rich tapestry of aromas and flavors make Aleatico wines, especially the passito style from Elba, remarkably complex and enduring on the palate, leaving a lingering finish that is both sweet and slightly spicy.

The Passito wine of Elba Aleatico Passito DOCG is an exquisite example of Italy's dedication to time-honored winemaking traditions. Crafted exclusively from the Aleatico grape, this wine draws upon the inherent qualities of this unique varietal, celebrated for its intense aromatics and flavorful depth. The island of Elba, with its Mediterranean sun and cooling sea breezes, provides an ideal setting for Aleatico grapes to ripen perfectly, capturing the essence of the terroir in every bottle.

The creation of this luxurious wine involves a meticulous post-harvest process. Once picked, the grapes are carefully air-dried for a minimum of 10 days, allowing the fruits to concentrate their sugars and flavors. This process ensures that the wine achieves a minimum sugar content of 30%, which significantly contributes to its distinct profile. On the nose, the Passito offers a symphony of aromas, from ripe red berries and dried fruits to nuanced floral and spicy undertones. Sipping it reveals a luscious palate, with layers of sweetness balanced by a delicate acidity. Notes of cherries, plums, and rose petals dance with hints of exotic spices, culminating in a long and harmonious finish. This wine is not just a drink but a journey through the rich history and craftsmanship of Elba's winemaking heritage.