about this subregion



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Vineyard Hectares





Discover Terroir

Cava is a supra-autonomous Protected Designation of Origin of Spain, produced in various regions. The Cava wines from the DO Penedés in Catalonia stand out as exceptional examples. The wines of this DO are sparkling, and are obtained by carrying out a second fermentation of a base wine, in a process similar to that used for Champagne wine. The wine must then remain at least 9 months in contact with its lees.

The Cava wine region Spain, has a Mediterranean climate with continental influences. It experiences hot, dry summers and mild winters, with annual rainfall varying between 400-600 mm. The region benefits from the Mediterranean Sea's proximity, which helps moderate temperatures, and the vineyards are often situated at elevations between 200-800 meters. These climate conditions are favorable for growing grape varieties like Macabeo, Xarel·lo, and Parellada, used in the production of the world-renowned sparkling wine, Cava.

The Cava wine region's soils vary, but the dominant types include calcareous clay, limestone, and alluvial deposits. These diverse soil compositions contribute to the character and complexity of Cava wines. The calcareous clay offers good water retention, promoting slow grape maturation, while limestone adds minerality. The alluvial deposits, found in certain areas, contribute to vine vigor and drainage. The harmonious combination of these soils nurtures the grapes, resulting in sparkling wines with finesse, balance, and unique terroir-driven flavors.


The Cava sub-region, nestled in the heart of Catalonia, Spain, and spanning through different regions of the country, is a captivating destination for wine enthusiasts and nature lovers alike. Its unique environment is defined by a harmonious blend of rolling vineyards, Mediterranean sunshine, and a rich cultural heritage that has made it a renowned center for sparkling wine production.

Cava's Mediterranean climate provides the perfect backdrop for grape cultivation, with warm, dry summers and mild winters. The region's distinct terroir, marked by limestone-rich soils, contributes to the character of its wines. These factors combine to create an exceptional environment for cultivating the grapes that make Cava a world-famous sparkling wine.

Among the most planted white grape varieties in Cava, Xarel·lo, Macabeo, and Parellada take center stage. Xarel·lo adds body and structure to the wines, Macabeo brings floral and fruity notes, and Parellada imparts freshness and acidity. These grape varieties thrive in the Cava sub-region's terroir, resulting in crisp, elegant sparkling wines that boast a delightful complexity.

Visiting the Cava sub-region means immersing oneself in the beauty of its vine-covered landscapes while savoring the finest sparkling wines crafted from these exceptional grape varieties. Whether exploring the wineries, enjoying a glass of Cava in a local tavern, or simply soaking in the scenic beauty, Cava offers a taste of Catalonia's enchanting wine culture in a glass.

Cava wines are Spain's sparkling gems, and will captivate your with their vibrant personality and enchanting bubbles. Crafted using the traditional method, like Champagne, Cava exudes elegance and sophistication. The blending of classic grape varieties - Macabeo, Xarel-lo, and Parellada - with occasional Chardonnay and others, imparts complexity and a fruit-driven profile. These sparklers are carefully aged in cellars, developing a bountiful array of flavors.

Cava wines charm the senses with aromas of crisp apples, citrus blossoms, and hints of toasted bread. On the palate, they dance gracefully, balancing zesty acidity and a delicate mousse. With each sip, Cava unveils a symphony of flavors - green pear, white peach, and a touch of almond - leading to a refreshingly dry finish.

Cava's diverse styles cater to various tastes. From the youthful and fruit-forward Cava, perfect for celebrations, to the more refined Gran Reserva, aged for years, offering richness and complexity.

Versatility is Cava's forte. Whether a delightful aperitif, a delightful pairing with tapas, or accompanying a lavish feast, Cava complements any occasion. Its approachable price also makes it an attractive choice for everyday indulgence.

Brimming with character, charm, and effervescence, Cava wines embody the spirit of celebration and the allure of Spanish culture. As the bubbles dance in the glass, Cava captures the essence of joy, making every moment memorable and worth toasting to.