Southern Oregon AVA

Southern Oregon AVA

42°26'01" N


123°05'30" W




about this subregion

Southern Oregon AVA, a renowned winemaking region, showcases remarkable environmental diversity. It spans across 2.6 million acres, encompassing five counties. With its unique combination of warm valleys and cooler mountain slopes, it offers a perfect habitat for a variety of grape types. Pinot noir, Pinot gris, Syrah, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Viognier, Chardonnay, and Tempranillo thrive here. The region's distinctive microclimates, shaped by the surrounding Cascade, Siskiyou, and Klamath mountain ranges, contribute to the grapes' character.

Southern Oregon AVA stands out for its commitment to sustainability, with many vineyards adopting organic and biodynamic practices. This dedication to environmental responsibility extends to its diverse ecosystems, including the Rogue, Umpqua, and Applegate Valleys, where vineyards coexist with forests, rivers, and wildlife habitats.

The AVA's rich soils, influenced by ancient volcanic activity and glacial deposits, further enhance grape cultivation. The volcanic Jory and Nekia soils, along with the sedimentary loams, create distinct terroirs for winemakers to explore. The AVA's climatic variation, with warm days and cooler nights, provides grapes with balanced acidity and flavor development.

Southern Oregon's winemaking excellence is celebrated worldwide, with numerous award-winning wineries and a dedication to producing exceptional wines. The harmonious interplay between its environment and grape varieties makes Southern Oregon AVA a premier destination for wine enthusiasts seeking diversity and quality.


vinerra illustration

Vineyard Hectares





Discover Terroir

Southern Oregon AVA, positioned in the southern reaches of Oregon, presents a landscape that unfolds with captivating diversity. Stretching from the border with California to the north, it envelops two distinct sub-AVAs: the Applegate Valley AVA and the Umpqua Valley AVA.

To the west, the Applegate Valley AVA finds its place amid the serene embrace of the Siskiyou Mountains. Here, rolling hills, enriched with fertile soils, bask under a mild climate, offering an ideal canvas for grape cultivation.

In contrast, to the north, the Umpqua Valley AVA is shaped by the formidable presence of the Coast Range mountains. This rugged terrain gives rise to fertile valleys and meandering rivers, creating a tapestry of microclimates that cater to an array of grape varieties.

These remarkable landscapes within the Southern Oregon AVA contribute to its reputation as a dynamic and thriving wine region. This expansive terroir, with its diverse microclimates and terroirs, offers a rich mosaic of flavors, each reflecting the essence of its unique landscape.

Southern Oregon AVA boasts a climatic tapestry as diverse as its landscape. With its varying elevations and proximity to the Pacific Ocean, this region enjoys a unique blend of influences. The warmth of the days and the coolness of the nights, attributed to the elevation, create an optimal grape-growing environment. With a marriage of Mediterranean and maritime effects, the AVA savors lengthy, sun-drenched growing seasons, coupled with well-balanced rainfall. These conditions nurture the grapes, allowing them to flourish and develop their distinct characteristics. Characterized by significant diurnal temperature shifts and gentle maritime breezes, this climate provides winemakers with an enchanting canvas to produce wines that genuinely capture the terroir's essence.

The Southern Oregon AVA's climatic complexity, intricately woven into its landscape, continues to be an essential element in crafting wines that exemplify the region's diverse and captivating terroir.

Southern Oregon AVA, known for its diverse landscapes and unique terroir, showcases a rich tapestry of soil types that play a pivotal role in shaping the region's wines. From marine sedimentary soils to alluvial gravels and volcanic soils, each soil type brings its own distinctive character to the grapes grown in this vibrant wine region.

  1. Marine Sedimentary Soils: Marine sedimentary soils in the Southern Oregon AVA result from ancient seabeds. They are typically well-drained and composed of fine-grained particles. These soils offer excellent mineral content, contributing to the complexity of wines. Varieties grown in marine sedimentary soils often exhibit refined flavors and distinct minerality.
  2. Alluvial Gravels: Alluvial gravel soils are prevalent in the region's valleys, primarily formed by river deposits over time. These well-draining soils consist of a mix of gravel, sand, and silt. They provide an environment conducive to grapevine root development and moisture retention. Wines grown in alluvial gravel soils often showcase structured flavors and balanced acidity.
  3. Volcanic Soils: Volcanic soils in Southern Oregon AVA are remnants of ancient volcanic activity. These soils vary in texture, from sandy loams to heavier clay-like compositions. They offer excellent drainage and mineral-rich content. Grapes cultivated in volcanic soils often display a pronounced mineral character and unique terroir-driven flavors.

The diversity of these soil types within the Southern Oregon AVA contributes to the region's rich terroir, allowing winemakers to explore different soil expressions and craft wines that reflect the distinct characteristics of each soil type.


In Southern Oregon AVA, diverse landscapes offer a perfect setting for various grape varieties:

  1. Pinot Noir: Loves cooler spots for balanced growth.
  2. Syrah: Thrives in warmth and well-drained soils.
  3. Cabernet Sauvignon: Enjoys sun and good drainage.
  4. Merlot: Adapts to various climates, prefers good drainage.
  5. Viognier: Needs warm days, cool nights, and moist soils.
  6. Pinot Gris: Fits well in diverse climates with day-night temperature shifts.
  7. Chardonnay: Flourishes in various soils with drainage.
  8. Tempranillo: Prefers warmth, sun, and well-drained soils.

These grapes, nurtured in Southern Oregon's unique agricultural and climatic conditions, contribute to exceptional wines that embody the region's essence.

In Southern Oregon AVA, the wines are as varied and captivating as the region itself:

  1. Pinot Noir: It's like a gentle dance of cherry and raspberry aromas with a hint of earthiness. This wine is usually light and graceful on the palate.
  2. Chardonnay: It swings from fresh and crisp to rich and creamy, often bringing apple, pear, and citrus to the nose.
  3. Tempranillo: This one's a bold character, rich with dark fruits and a touch of leather and tobacco, standing strong with its tannins.
  4. Syrah: Think of a cozy evening with dark fruits, a sprinkle of spice, and a smoky whisper, all wrapped in a full-bodied texture.
  5. Merlot: It's like a soft, plush velvet of ripe berries, mostly plum and cherry, ending smoothly.
  6. Cabernet Sauvignon: A robust mix of blackcurrant and dark cherry, often dressed in oak and vanilla, full-bodied with a firm handshake of tannins.

Each wine here tells a story of Southern Oregon's unique land, making every sip a little journey through the region.