34° 12' 46.88" S


57° 39' 37.86" W




about this subregion

Discover the Colonia wine sub-region of Uruguay, with Vinerra!

The Colonia wine sub-region, situated within Uruguay 's broader Litoral Sur wine region of South America, is a diverse viticultural area. Sharing the Litoral Sur with the Soriano sub-region, Colonia is renowned for its unique environment that favors the growth of a wide range of grapes. The region's climate is subtropical, with mild winters and warm summers, something very beneficial for the development of high-quality grapes.

Colonia has a great diversity of soil types, although the most common are the rich, fertile inland soils, ideal for robust red varieties, and stony riverbank soils with calcareous deposits, perfect for growing white grapes. This combination of climate and soil in Colonia allows for the growth of key grapes like  Tannat, Merlot, Moscatel, Viognier, Chardonnay, and Ugni Blanc.

In 2023, the producers of Colonia harvested 2316 tons of grapes, accounting for 3.2% of the national total, as reported by INAVI. This makes it the 5th most relevant department for wine production in the country.


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Vineyard Hectares



2500 - 3000


Discover Terroir

The Colonia wine sub-region, part of the Uruguay wine country, is renowned for its unique landscapes where rows of vins thrive. The region has a mix of fertile inland areas that are particularly suitable for growing red grapes and stony riverbanks with calcareous fossil-rich soils that are perfect to cultivate white grapes. The topography and natural beauty of Colonia makes it a memorable destination for wine lovers

The department of Colonia del Sacramento is recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage site, something that adds historical and cultural richness to this wine region. The landscape is dotted with both old and new wineries, most of them boutique estates. These wineries blend beautifully into the rolling hills and lush greenery that characterize the region.

The proximity to the River Plate adds a distinctive charm to the area, with some vineyards located along its banks, offering stunning views and a serene environment for viticulture. The combination of historical significance, diverse soil types, and stunning views makes the Colonia wine sub-region a unique and enchanting place to explore and enjoy wine in South America​​​​​​​​​​​​​​.

The climate of the Colonia wine sub-region in Uruguay is subtropical, and offers an ideal environment for viticulture. This area has mild winters and warm summers, moderated by the Uruguay and Paraná rivers, which enhance the conditions for different late-ripening grapes.

Colonia has a wide range of temperatures throughout the year. January, for example, usually has warmer temperatures, with peaks of 27°C, something that helps the grapes to concentrate natural sugar. On the other hand, the cooler climate of July, with average temperatures of 14°C, allows grapes to maintain their natural acidity.

Rainfall in the region is well distributed throughout the year, with October being the wettest. This moderate precipitation ensures enough moisture in the soil, key for healthy vine growth while preventing waterlogging and vine diseases.

Finally, the great amount of sunshine allows the grape to concentrate high levels of sugar and to have a healthy growth, while the breezes that come across the region help mitigate humidity levels and keep the vines dry and free of diseases.

The Colonia wine sub-region in Uruguay is distinguished by its diverse soil types, which are key in shaping viticulture within the region. 

  1. Rich Inland Soils: In the inland areas of Colonia, the soils are very rich and fertile. This soil type is very conducive to cultivating robust red grape varieties. The richness of these soils is perfect to support the vigorous growth and development of grapevines, providing them with enough nutrients to produce grapes with rich flavors.
  2. Stony Riverbank Soils: Along the riverbanks, the soils are predominantly stony with pockets of calcareous materials enriched with fossils. These characteristics make the riverbank soils well-suited for white grape varieties like Sauvignon Blanc. The stony structure facilitates excellent drainage, while the calcareous components help retain moisture and moderate the pH of the soil, something beneficial for the vines during the hotter growing seasons.


The Colonia wine sub-region has a climate that allows growers from this area to cultivate a wide range of grapes. Among the most common are Tannat, Merlot, Moscatel, Viognier, Chardonnay and Ugni Blanc.

  1. Tannat: This grape thrives in the warm and relatively dry climate of the Colonia department. Tannat vines prefer soils with good  drainage, and require a good amount of sunlight to fully mature. This region offers a long growing season to the grape that allows it to achieve a great balance between sugars and acidity, which is essential to produce robust wines.
  2. Merlot: Merlot prefers cooler conditions than Tannat, although it adapts well to the slightly warm temperatures of Colonia. This variety benefits from the cooler nights of Colonia, key for the grape to maintain high acidity levels and achieve a slower maturation process.  Regarding the soils, Merlot thrives  in the deep, fertile soils of Colonia, which have a great capacity to retain moisture but also have great drainage.
  3. Moscatel: Moscatel, a resilient grape,  can prosper in a wide range of climates, although it thrives in the warmer temperatures  of Colonia. This grape requires well-drained soils and thrives especially  in sandy soils, which help to reduce the risk of vine diseases.
  4. Viognier: This grape demands a warm climate to reach its full potential, making Colonia an ideal location. Viognier requires many hours of sunlight and warm temperatures to develop its aromas, as well as its high sugar levels. The grape also benefits from well-aerated soils with good fertility, which stress the vine just enough to produce grapes full of flavor.
  5. Chardonnay: Chardonnay is a versatile white grape that can adapt to different climates, although it especially thrives in the temperate and slightly warm climate of Colonia. This grape requires moderate rainfall and benefits from the soils with good drainage of the region. The adaptability of Chardonnay makes it one of the most planted white grapes in Colonia. 
  6. Ugni Blanc: Ugni Blanc,a grape that is renowned for its high natural acidity, is suitable to grow in the slightly cooler areas of the Colonia wine region. It thrives in well-drained, calcareous soils and requires a good balance between sunlight and shade. This grape is often harvested later in the season to ensure it has high acidity levels, key to produce high-quality white wines.

Each of these grapes, coupled with other varieties such as Cabernet Sauvignon or Pinot Noir, contributes to the rich tapestry of wines produced in the Colonia sub-region, and showcase the great potential of the new world wine regions of South America.

The Colonia wine sub-region is renowned for producing a wide range of wines that reflect the unique terroir of the area. 

  1. Tannat: Tannat are bold red wines that usually show a deep, rich color with robust tannins. Tannat has intense aromas, usually showing dark fruit notes like blackberry and plum. Flavors may include hints of tobacco, dark chocolate, and coffee, making it a hearty choice for red wine enthusiasts.
  2. Merlot: This wine is appreciated for its softer and more velvety texture on the palate than Tannat. These red wines usually show flavors of ripe red fruits such as cherries and raspberries, coupled with subtle notes of vanilla and spices in oak aged versiones.
  3. Moscatel: Moscatel is a sweet and aromatic wine, known for its floral and fruity aromas. On the palate, you can expect  notes of peach, orange blossom, and musk, which make it an excellent choice when looking for a dessert wine
  4. Viognier: This wine is renowned for its fruity aromatic profile. On the palate, Viognier has a  full-bodied texture and shows flavors of stone fruits like apricots and peaches, with floral undertones of honeysuckle and a hint of minerality, thanks to the unique soils of Colonia.
  5. Chardonnay: Chardonnay wines can vary in style, although they usually show a great balance between fruitiness and acidity. In the nose, you can expect aromas of green apple, citrus, and tropical fruits, while on the palate this wine shows a creamy texture, coupled with hints of oak if this wine was aged.
  6. Ugni Blanc: Mostly used as a still wine for the production of brand, Ugni Blanc is a crisp and refreshing white wine. On the palate, it usually shows a high acidity with subtle notes of citrus and green apples, making it an excellent wine to pair with seafood or as a palate cleanser.

These wines, as well as other varietals such as Cabernet Sauvignon, showcase the great potential for high-quality wine production of the Colonia sub-region.