Litoral Sur

Litoral Sur



53°48′40″ W




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about this region

Discover the wines of the Litoral Sur wine region

Litoral Sur borders the Río Negro department to the north, the Center region to the northeast, the Metropolitan region to the southeast and the department of Montevideo to the south. This wine region encomapasses the departments of Colonia and Soriano.

According to an INAVI report, in 2022, this region had 77 vineyards. Most of these were located in Colonia, a department with 74 vineyards planted on 299 hectares. This made it the region with the third largest number of vineyards planted, representing 6.6% of the vineyards in Uruguay.  The remaining three vineyards were in Soriano, planted on 3 hectares.

Regarding the most planted grapes, they are Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir, Tannat and Ugni Blanc. The distinctive terroir of this region gives birth to elegant wines with a hreat character.


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Vineyard Hectares




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Discover Terroir

Nestled in the southern part of Uruguay lies the renowned Litoral Sur wine region, a vital hub for Uruguayan viticulture. Its landscape boasts a mesmerizing blend of rolling hills, lush green valleys, and meandering rivers, painting a picturesque scene for wine enthusiasts and nature lovers alike.

As you traverse through the undulating terrain, you'll encounter sprawling vineyards bathed in the warm sunlight, where rows of grapevines stretch endlessly towards the horizon. The proximity to rivers not only enhances the scenic beauty but also provides a favorable microclimate, crucial for grape cultivation. The gentle breeze that sweeps across the landscape carries with it the whispers of history and tradition, as winemaking has been a cornerstone of this region for generations.

In Litoral Sur, every vista tells a story of passion, perseverance, and a deep-rooted connection to the land. It's a place where nature's bounty meets human ingenuity, resulting in the creation of exquisite wines that reflect the unique terroir of this captivating region.

The Litoral Sur wine region of Uruguay experiences a temperate climate, strongly influenced by its proximity to the Uruguay River and the Rio de la Plata. The area receives annual rainfall ranging from 800 to 1,200 mm, creating ideal conditions for viticulture. The soils in this region are diverse, featuring calcareous, clayey, silty, and sandy types, enriched with sedimentary deposits from the rivers. This combination of climate

The Litoral Sur wine region of Uruguay benefits from a temperate climate influenced by the Uruguay River and the Rio de la Plata. These climatic and soil conditions are ideal for cultivating a variety of grape types, particularlyhelping to the slow ripening of Cabernet Sauvignon, which develops rich organoleptic qualities in the wines.

The Litoral Sur wine region of Uruguay boasts diverse soil types that are key for the distinctive characteristics of its wines. Here's an overview of the main soil types found in this region:

  1. Calcareous Soil: This type of soil is rich in calcium carbonate, which contributes to a higher pH level, affecting the acidity and color stabilization in wines. Calcareous soils are excellent for growing vines as they provide good drainage and can help in retaining moisture during dry periods.
  2. Clayey Soil: Known for its high fertility and water retention capabilities, clayey soil is dense and can hold onto nutrients that are essential for vine growth. This type of soil tends to cool down slowly and keeps the vines warm, which is beneficial during cooler growing seasons.
  3. Silty Soil: Silty soils are smooth to the touch and retain water well, making them less prone to erosion compared to sandier soils. They are fertile and help in maintaining moisture balance, supporting vine health and consistent grape quality.
  4. Sandy Soil: Characterized by its coarse texture and good drainage, sandy soil heats up quickly and helps in preventing many fungal diseases. Wines grown in sandy soils often exhibit light and fruity characteristics, making them distinct from those produced in denser soils.


The Litoral Sur wine region of Uruguay is conducive to the cultivation of various grape varieties, each with specific agricultural and climatic needs that contribute to their successful growth and development.

  1. Cabernet Sauvignon: This variety thrives in the temperate climate of Litoral Sur, benefiting from the slow ripening conditions provided by the region's moderate temperatures. Cabernet Sauvignon requires well-drained soils and responds well to the calcareous and clayey soils in the area, which help to moderate the vine's vigor and enhance grape quality.
  2. Pinot Noir: Pinot Noir demands a cooler climate and well-drained soil to prevent root diseases and over-vigorous growth. The sandy and silty soils of Litoral Sur, coupled with its temperate conditions, create an ideal environment for this grape, allowing for gradual ripening which is crucial for maintaining the delicate structure of Pinot Noir.
  3. Tannat: Known for its robustness, Tannat requires a significant amount of heat and sunlight, which are amply provided by Litoral Sur's climate. It flourishes in the region's varied soil types, particularly the deeper clayey soils that retain moisture during the dry periods, supporting the vine's development through the growing season.
  4. Ugni Blanc: This grape is best suited to the cooler spots of Litoral Sur, where the high acidity in the grape can be preserved. Ugni Blanc benefits from the region’s higher rainfall and the moisture-retentive silty soils, which help maintain vine balance and contribute to consistent yield levels.

The Litoral Sur wine region of Uruguay is celebrated for its refined wine styles. This region is particularly known for producing high-quality Tannat and Ugni Blanc wines, añthough the wine that distinguishes this region from the rest is Cabernet Sauvignon:

  1. Tannat: Known as Uruguay's flagship variety, Tannat from the Litoral Sur is highly appreciated for its robust structure and bold flavors. This wine typically shows a deep red color and a complex aromatic profile, where dark fruits such as blackberries and plums dominate. The palate is often marked by strong tannins, that contributes to the good aging potential of the wine. Aged Tannat wines usually are more complex and rich, with notes of vanilla and dark chocolate.
  2. Cabernet Sauvignon: This varietal stands out in the Litoral Sur due to the slow maturation of the grapes, which enhances their organoleptic properties. The Cabernet Sauvignon from this region is characterized by a rich, fruity profile, with flavors of black cherry and black currant. Subtle hints of pepper add complexity and richness to the profile of the wine, making it a favorite among those who appreciate complex red wines with a balanced acidity and a smooth finish.
  3. Ugni Blanc:  Ugni Blanc is renowned for its high acidity and refreshing palate. The wine typically shows flavors of citrus and green apples, with a light, crisp body that makes it an excellent choice to pair with seafood or to drink it on its own on a warm summer day.

Together, these wines represent the diversity of the Litoral Sur's wine production, each wine offering a unique taste of the region's rich viticultural heritage.


200 m


800 - 1,200 mm


Calcareous, clay, silt and sandy soils with sedimentary deposits

top varietal

Tannat and Ugni Blanc

History of wine

This wine region has a very interesting history linked to viticulture. Already in the first wine records of 1898 the region represented almost 15% of the viticulture in Uruguay, thanks to its 836 hectares of vineyards distributed among the departments of Colonia, Soriano and San Jose. However, between 1898 and 1930 there was a curious fact: while the cultivated area of vineyards increased by 40%, the area it represented in Uruguay decreased by 10%, which indicates that it did not have as significant progress as other regions. This also translated into a decrease in the participation in the total volume of wine produced: for example, Colonia, which until 1898 represented 11% of the total production, saw this number reduced to 4% until 1930.

However, from 1930 until the end of the twentieth century, the region managed to have a gradual growth, to position itself as the second most important region for the wine industry, which allowed it to have, for example, during 2022, 110 vineyards, of which 74 were concentrated in Colonia and 3 in the department of Soriano.