34°31'22'' S


56°16'40'' W




about this subregion

The Canelones subregion, part of Uruguay's broader Metropolitan wine region, is a viticultural area deeply influenced by its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean. This geographic advantage provides a mild Atlantic climate, marked by humid conditions and refreshing coastal breezes essential for moderating temperatures throughout the year. The area benefits from a longer growing season, favorable for vine maturation and health.

The soils in Canelones are predominantly rich in clay, spread across gently undulating hillsides that optimize vineyard drainage and enhance the growth conditions of the vines. This soil composition is particularly adept at retaining moisture during the warmer growing months, crucial for maintaining vine vitality.

Canelones is renowned for producing a variety of high-quality grapes, with Tannat leading as the most prominent, followed by Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Albariño, and Chardonnay. These varieties thrive in the region's unique terroir, each contributing to the diverse and rich palette of wines that characterize Canelones as a key player in Uruguay’s wine industry.

The combination of favorable climate, fertile soils, and strategic coastal influence makes the Canelones subregion a vital area for both traditional and innovative winemaking practices in Uruguay.


vinerra illustration

Vineyard Hectares



1300 - 1500


Discover Terroir

The Canelones wine subregion of Uruguay lies within the expansive Metropolitan wine region, sharing its viticultural territory with the Montevideo and San José wine regions. This area is renowned for its captivating landscape, characterized by rolling hills, verdant plains, and a temperate climate. The topography of Canelones is diverse, featuring gentle slopes that provide optimal sun exposure for vineyards. The soils here are rich and well-drained, offering an ideal foundation for grape cultivation.

One of the defining features of Canelones is its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean, which influences its maritime climate. This proximity ensures moderate temperatures throughout the year, with cool breezes tempering the heat of summer and minimizing the risk of frost during the winter months. The region also benefits from sufficient rainfall, further enhancing its suitability for grape growing.

Canelones is particularly acclaimed for its production of varietals such as Tannat, Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Sauvignon Blanc. The combination of favorable climatic conditions and fertile soils allows these grape varieties to thrive, resulting in wines of exceptional quality and character. Overall, the Canelones subregion offers a picturesque backdrop for winemaking, where the natural beauty of the landscape intertwines with the artistry of wine production.

The climate of the Canelones wine region in Uruguay is characterized by its mild Atlantic influence, which is conducive to quality grape production.

The region's climate is marked by a combination of humid conditions and significant coastal breezes, which are essential in managing the more humid climate typical of this area. These conditions help in moderating the summer highs and winter lows, contributing to a longer growing season which is beneficial for the grapes.

The clay-rich soils in the area, often spread across undulating hillsides, also play a crucial role in the viticulture of Canelones, providing a terroir that supports a variety of grape types and influencing the distinct qualities of the wines produced here​​​​.

The Canelones subregion, a key part of Uruguay’s Metropolitan wine region, is distinguished by its soil composition, which plays a crucial role in viticulture.

  1. Clay-rich Soils: The predominant soil type in Canelones is clay-rich, which benefits the vineyards by retaining moisture during the warm growing seasons. This characteristic is crucial for vine health and grape maturity, helping to ensure consistency and quality in wine production.
  2. Chalky Clay: In specific areas, the soil composition includes chalky clay, which offers excellent drainage while still retaining necessary moisture. This type of soil is particularly good for vine root systems, promoting healthy growth and resilience in the vines.
  3. Undulating Hillside Soils: The topography of Canelones features gentle hills, where the soils are a mix of loam and clay. These soils are well-draining yet fertile, ideal for cultivating a variety of grape types that are used in the region’s diverse wine portfolio.


The Canelones subregion, nestled within Uruguay's Metropolitan wine region, is distinguished by its unique terroir, that allows to cultivate a wide range of grapes.

  1. Tannat: This grape is the backbone of Uruguay's wine identity, thriving in Canelones due to the region's well-drained clay soils and moderate climate. Tannat vines benefit from the area's long growing season, which allows for optimal maturation and sugar development, crucial for balancing this grape's naturally high tannin levels.
  2. Merlot: Adaptable to a variety of climatic conditions, Merlot flourishes in the mild weather of Canelones. The region's consistent temperatures and adequate rainfall provide an ideal environment for Merlot, allowing for the development of well-structured wines without the risk of the grapes ripening too quickly.
  3. Cabernet Franc: This variety is suited to cooler climates, making it a good match for Canelones, where the temperatures are moderate. Cabernet Franc vines prefer the lighter, well-drained soils found in the region, which help maintain the balance of acidity and sugar levels in the grapes, crucial for producing quality wine.
  4. Albariño: Originally from Spain, Albariño thrives in Canelones, particularly because of the region’s proximity to the ocean. This proximity ensures a cooler maritime climate, which is ideal for preserving the grape’s natural acidity and freshness. Albariño requires well-drained soils and benefits from the breezy conditions that reduce the likelihood of vine diseases.
  5. Chardonnay: This versatile grape adapts well to Canelones’ varied microclimates, producing distinctly different styles of wine. Chardonnay benefits from the region’s cooler nights that help maintain acidity levels, while the sunny days ensure adequate ripeness. The clay-rich soils in parts of Canelones also contribute to the vigor and yield of Chardonnay vines.

The Canelones subregion, nestled within Uruguay's Metropolitan wine area, is renowned for its diverse range of wines, each characterized by unique sensory profiles. Here's an in-depth look at the most common wines produced here:

  1. Tannat: The quintessential Uruguayan wine, Tannat from Canelones is robust and full-bodied. It typically features a complex bouquet of dark fruits like blackberries and plums, enhanced by an underlying spiciness. The palate is dominated by powerful tannins and a richness that promises excellent aging potential.
  2. Merlot: Softer and more subtle than Tannat, Merlot from this region is known for its silky texture and fruit-forward character. Aromas of ripe cherries and sweet raspberries dominate, with a subtle hint of herbs and a velvety finish that makes it particularly approachable and versatile.
  3. Cabernet Franc: This varietal is appreciated for its distinctly vibrant and aromatic profile. It often carries a perfume of fresh herbs, green bell peppers, and a touch of graphite. The flavor is marked by moderate acidity and lean red fruit notes, offering a crisp finish that is both refreshing and elegantly structured.
  4. Albariño: Among white wines, Albariño shines with its aromatic intensity, often bursting with floral and citrus scents. On the palate, it delivers lively acidity paired with flavors of peach, apricot, and occasionally a mineral streak, providing a zesty and invigorating drinking experience.
  5. Chardonnay: Chardonnay in Canelones varies widely depending on the vinification approach but generally balances creamy textures with a good acid backbone. Expect a spectrum of flavors from crisp apple and citrus to richer tropical fruits, often accompanied by vanilla and toasted oak nuances if aged in barrels.