The Metropolitan region is located on the outskirts of Montevideo. It includes the departments of San Jose, Canelones and a small portion of Montevideo.
According to an INAVI report, in 2022, this wine region had 962 vineyards, which were distributed as follows:
The Metropolitan wine region covers the departments of San José, Canelones and a small part of Montevideo.
This region has a climate with moderate temperatures due to the large number of bodies of water that act as temperature moderators. The main river that influences the climate of the Metropolitan region is the Río de la Plata.
The soils in this region have good fertility. Two types of soils predominate in the region: loamy and clayey.
Because the wine industry in Uruguay is relatively young, the Metropolitan region does not yet have regional sustainability programs. However, the region receives incentives from the Sustainable Viticulture Program, developed by the National Institute of Viticulture (INAVI).
This program seeks to guarantee both the origin and traceability of the grapes used for wine production, to ensure that all grapes are produced using sustainable practices.
Among the practices assessed by this program are:
It should be clarified that this program also certifies wineries, although it only assesses whether or not grapes from certified vineyards are used.
Most Planted Red Grapes Varieties: Tannat, Merlot
Most Planted White Grapes Varieties: Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier
This wine region, famous for its Tannat, also produces a great variety of white wines, among which Chardonnay stands out.
The Tannat wines of the region have a great aromatic intensity, especially when consumed young, as well as a very intense purple color. Among its main notes, we can mention vanilla, chocolate or even black licorice, while Tannat wines aged in oak barrels tend to develop more spicy notes, reminiscent of spices such as pepper.
On the other hand, Chardonnay wines have an aromatic profile reminiscent of flowers, with some notes similar to apple, while in the mouth it has a delicate flavor, despite being a full-bodied wine.
The history of the Metropolitan wine region begins at the same time as the rest of the regions of Uruguay (end of the 18th century). However, this region had to wait until the end of the 19th century to achieve real development. During that time, a good part of the vine plantations appeared in the area, first in the department of Canelones and then in Montevideo and San Jose.
Although viticulture was developed in the three departments, it had a greater impact in Canelones. This explains why, in 2022, Canelones had the largest planted area (3882 ha), being the department with the largest area devoted to viticulture in Uruguay. At the regional and national level, Montevideo was in second place, with 720 ha, while San José was in third place at the national level, with 407 ha. This reflects the great importance of the Metropolitan region for Uruguayan viticulture.