34°20′14″ S


56°42′48″ W




about this region

Discover the Metropolitan wine region of Uruguay

The Metropolitan region is located on Uruguay, the second smallest country of South America. It includes the departments of San Jose, Canelones and a small portion of Montevideo. 

According to an INAVI report, in 2022, this wine region had 962 vineyards, which were distributed as follows: 

  • Canelones was the department with the most vineyards in 2022, with 748. 
  • In second place was Montevideo, with 180 vineyards. 
  • Finally, San José had 34 vineyards in 2022.

In the Metropolitan wine region, the most common grapes on the red side are Tannat and Merlot, while on the white side the most common grapes are Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc and Viognier.


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Vineyard Hectares




growing degree days

Discover Terroir

The Metropolitan wine region, located in Uruguay, sprawls across the departments of San José, Canelones, and Montevideo. Its landscape is characterized by gently rolling hills and fertile plains, providing an ideal environment for vineyards to thrive. Vast stretches of vineyards blanket the terrain, interspersed with patches of woodlands and small streams meandering through the countryside.

The climate is temperate, with warm summers and mild winters, creating ideal conditions for grape growing. The land is meticulously cultivated, with rows of grapevines that span the undulating landscape. As you travel the region, you'll encounter mesmerazing views of vineyard-covered hillsides against the backdrop of clear blue skies.

The Metropolitan wine region offers a serene and idyllic setting for both wine production and leisurely exploration.

The Metropolitan wine region of Uruguay, which is the second smallest South American country, features a climate well-suited for viticulture, influenced by its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean and the Rio de la Plata. The region experiences moderate temperatures that help maintain the balance of natural acidity in grapes, essential for the production of high quality wines. This temperate maritime climate, with its warm summers and mild winters, is similar to the climate of regions like Bordeaux, making it very suitable for a range of grape varieties.

The soils in this region vary but predominantly consist of loamy and clayey types, which are known for their good fertility and  drainage, providing ideal conditions for vine health and not excesively vigorous growth. The oceanic influence moderates temperatures, which is particularly beneficial for controlling the ripening of grapes, maintaining their aromatic intensity.

This unique combination of climate and soil in the Metropolitan wine region supports the successful cultivation of a great range of grapes, from Tannat to Sauvignon Blanc. allowing it to slowly gain more and more recognition.

The Metropolitan wine region of Uruguay boasts a diverse range of soil types that are key to shape the characteristics of its wines. The variety of soils in this region provides a fertile ground for different grape varieties, and contribute to the unique terroir of the area.

  1. Loamy Soil: Loamy soils are predominant in many parts of the Metropolitan wine region. This soil type is known for its balanced composition of sand, silt, and clay, which provides good fertility and excellent drainage. It retains enough moisture to support vine health during dry periods, while draining well enough to prevent waterlogging, making it suitable for a great range of grape varieties.
  2. Clayey Soil: The clayey soils in this region are heavier and denser, known for their ability to retain water and nutrients. This type of soil has a great capacity of heat retention, which helps to extend the ripening period of grapes. The high nutrient content and moisture retention capacity of clayey soils support a vigorous vine growth, which can be particularly beneficial for robust red grape varieties.

These soil types contribute significantly to the viticultural success of the Metropolitan wine region, offering a dynamic and supportive environment for growing a diverse array of grape varieties.


The Metropolitan wine region of Uruguay enjoys a unique combination of coastal influences and urban proximity that is very conducive to viticulture. This region is known for growing a variety of grapes, including Tannat, Merlot, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, and Viognier, each of which thrives under the distinctive terroir of this region.

  1. Tannat:  Tannat, the star of Uruguayan viticulture, requires many hours of sun and well-drained soils to reach its full potential, which makes it thrive under the Metropolitan wine region conditions. The warm summers help the grapes to develop thick skins and a robust structure. The proximity to the coast,on the other hand, helps to mitigate excessive high temperatures, thanks to the sea breezes, reducing the risk of over-ripening.
  2. Merlot: This grape benefits from the region’s milder temperatures, which allow for a longer ripening period, essential for softer tannins and intense natural flavors. Merlot vines prefer well-drained soils, which are most predominant in the areas of the Metropolitan region with rolling hills, and require consistent moisture to maintain health and a controled vigor throughout the growing season.
  3. Chardonnay: Chardonnay in this region flourishes in the cooler sites, where the maritime influences moderate the climate. These conditions are key for maintaining the acidity that Chardonnay is known for and to allow for a gradual ripening process. Good drainage is essential to prevent root diseases and promote healthy growth.
  4. Sauvignon Blanc: Sauvignon Blanc thrives in the cooler microclimates of the Metropolitan region, where the coastal breezes help preserve the grape's acidity and aromatic freshness. This grape grows better in lighter, well-drained soils that have a good heat retention and encourage early ripening.
  5. Viognier: Requiring a warm climate to fully express its characteristics, Viognier grows well in the sunnier parts of the Metropolitan region. It needs well-drained soils and careful water management to develop an intense aroma. Viognier is sensitive to over-cropping, so careful vineyard management is critical to ensure the high quality of the grapes.

These grapes, coupled woth other grape varieties like Cabernet Sauvignon, show the great diversity of the Metropolitan viticultural landscape.

The Metropolitan wine region of Uruguay is celebrated for its exceptional wines, that reflect the great potential of the new world wine regions. Among the wines produced here, Tannat and Chardonnay stand out as the signature red and white wines from this region, each offering unique tasting experiences that have captivated wine enthusiasts globally:

  1. Tannat: This full-bodied red wine is the pride of Uruguayan viticulture. Tannat wines from this region typically show a deep ruby color and a complex aromatic bouquet of dark fruit notes, such as blackberries and plums, often intertwined with a smoky and spicy undertone that may remind you of black pepper, black currant or cinnamon. On the palate, Tannat is robust, with a strong tannic structure that softens with age, while aged Tannat also shows notes of coffee, dark chocolate, and vanilla. This wine is very apreciated for its longevity and aging potential.
  2. Chardonnay: In contrast to the robustness of Tannat, Chardonnay from this region is renowned for its elegance and versatility. The cooler coastal climate allows the Chardonnay grape to retain essential acidity, which balances its rich, creamy texture. Aromatically, Chardonnay wines usually show a blend of citrus notes, such as lemon and grapefruit, as well as subtle notes of peach and melon. On the palate, this wine usually is well rounded and fruity, while aged Chardonnays usually show notes of toasted almond, vanilla and butter.

200 m


1000 - 1200 mm


The soils that predominate in the region are loamy and clayey. Both have a good fertility.

top varietal

Tannat, Merlot, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Viognier

History of wine

The history of the Metropolitan wine region begins at the same time as the rest of the regions of Uruguay (end of the 18th century). However, this region had to wait until the end of the 19th century to achieve real development. During that time, a good part of the vine plantations appeared in the area, first in the department of Canelones and then in Montevideo and San Jose. 

Although viticulture was developed in the three departments, it had a greater impact in Canelones. This explains why, in 2022, Canelones had the largest planted area (3882 ha), being the department with the largest area devoted to viticulture in Uruguay. At the regional and national level, Montevideo was in second place, with 720 ha, while San José was in third place at the national level, with 407 ha. This reflects the great importance of the Metropolitan region for Uruguayan viticulture.