34° 6′ 0″ S


56° 13′ 0″ W




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about this region

Discover the Oceanic wine region of Uruguay

The Oceanic wine region, that covers the departments of Maldonado and Rocha in Uruguay, is renowned for its unique terroir that significantly influences the quality and character of its wines. This region of South America is characterized by a temperate oceanic climate, with mild temperatures and moderate rainfall, making it very suitable for viticulture. The soil composition comprises alluvial and gravel soils, which with excelent drainage and heat retention capacity.

Home to grape varieties such as Tannat, Cabernet Franc, Pinot Noir, and Albariño, the Oceanic region has a vibrant viticultural landscape. According to a 2022 report by INAVI, the National Institute of Viticulture, there were 11 vineyards spread across this region. Specifically, the department of Florida boasted 38 vineyards covering 407 hectares, whereas Rocha had four vineyards on a more modest 19 hectares. This distribution underscores the growing significance of this region for Uruguay's wine industry, contributing both to local economies and the global wine market. The Oceanic region's blend of climatic conditions, soil types, and skilled viticulture practices creates a prime environment for producing unique high-quality wines.


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Vineyard Hectares




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Discover Terroir

The Oceanic wine region extends along the southeastern coast of Uruguay, and encompasses two departments: Maldonado and Rocha.  This region is characterized by its particular landscape, in which hills are mixed with clean sandy beaches and natural vegetation. Each sub-region has a unique landscape. In Maldonado, for example, the terrain has gentle undulations and slopes where vineyards are concentrated.  Rocha, on the other hand, has a coastline dominated by rocky cliffs, and is more influenced by the Atlantic Ocean.

The proximity of the ocean not only influences the region's climate, cooling the vineyards with gentle breezes, but is also key to the production of the regional wines, providing subtle saline notes. Amidst the coastal beauty, the rows of vineyards add to the natural beauty of the landscape and are nourished by the many hours of sunshine.

The Oceanic region's captivating scenery, with its harmonious blend of land and sea, sets the stage for the production of unique and flavorful wines.

The Oceanic wine region in Uruguay, covering the departments of Maldonado and Rocha, is characterized by its temperate oceanic climate. This climate is influenced by the region's proximity to the Atlantic Ocean and the Río de la Plata. The climate features a  mild temperature throughout the year with enough rainfall, something that enhances the grape-growing conditions.

This region benefits from its geographic location, which results in mild temperatures that are conducive to vine growth. The climate helps to ensure a balanced ripening of grapes, which is key for developing the complex flavors in the wines produced here. Additionally, the area receives enough sunshine, averaging around 6.7 hours per day throughout the year, which is key not only for the photosynthesis process in vineyards, but also for the grapes to develop more concentrated flavors

The combination of these climatic conditions with the region’s alluvial and gravel soils, rich in crystalline rocks and quartz, creates an ideal environment for viticulture.

The Oceanic wine region in Uruguay is characterized by two main soil types, each of them contributing with unique characteristics of the wines of the region

  1. Alluvial Soils: Predominantly found in vineyards close to riverbanks and streams, these soils are formed from sediment deposited by bodies of water. Rich in nutrients and often quite deep, alluvial soils provide excellent drainage, which is beneficial for grapevines, helping to avoid waterlogging and stress them naturally, encouraging deeper root growth and contributing to the complexity of the wines.
  2. Gravel Soils - Comprising a mixture of gravel and sand, these soils are typically well-drained, promoting root penetration. Gravel soils heat up quickly during the day and retain warmth during the night, which can accelerate the ripening process of grapes. This soil type is particularly good for red wine grape varieties, as it helps produce robust, well-structured wines.

These soil types, combined with the region’s climatic conditions, create a terroir that influences the quality of the grape varieties cultivated in the Oceanic wine region.


Uruguay's Oceanic wine region has unique climatic and soils conditions, making it an ideal setting for cultivating a variety of grape vines. Within the region, thrive 4 key grape varieties: Tannat, Cabernet Franc, Pinot Noir, and Albariño.

  1. Tannat: The flagship grape of Uruguay, Tannat thrives in the oceanic mild climate and well drained soils of this region.  It requires a long growing season to fully develop its structure and complexity. The ocean breezes help to moderate the temperature, reducing the risk of vine diseases and ensuring the health of the Tannat vines.
  2. Cabernet Franc: This grape variety benefits from the region's cooler temperatures and ample temperature variation between day and night, which is crucial for preserving its natural acidity and achieving phenolic maturity. Cabernet Franc vines thrive in deeper, clay-rich soils that retain moisture during the drier periods, ensuring a steady growth cycle.
  3. Pinot Noir: Delicate and temperature-sensitive, Pinot Noir finds a home in Uruguay’s Oceanic region due to its mild temperatures and protection from harsh winds. The region's foggy mornings coupled with a great amount of sunlight during the afternoon provide the ideal conditions for Pinot Noir to develop its subtle characteristics.
  4. Albariño: Originally a Spanish variety, Albariño thrives in the maritime climate of Uruguay, where the consistent ocean breezes and well-drained sandy soils play a pivotal role in its growth. This grape requires careful moisture management to avoid fungal diseases and maintain the natural acidity of the grape.

These grapes, coupled with other varieties like Cabernet Sauvignon, thrive in the unique terroir of the Oceanic wine region.

Uruguay's Oceanic wine region is renowned for its robust wines,  the red Tannat and the white Albariño:

  1. Tannat Wines: Tannat, the cornerstone of red wines in this region, has a great aging potential. Young Tannat wines have a bold tannin structure, which defines the wine’s body and longevity. These wines shows a pronounced fruitiness, with flavors ranging from dark cherries to plums, making them vibrant and full-bodied. As Tannat wines age, it tends to develop softer tannins and a more complex flavor spectrum that includes a mix of red and black fruits, and a peppery spice that makes each sip more deep and complex
  2. Albariño Wines : On the white wine spectrum, Albariño is renowned for its crisp and refreshing profile. These wines often show a distinctive salinity, a characteristic derived from the alluvial soils of the region. The flavor profile of Albariño has a lively citrus zest, with predominant lemon peel notes intertwined with notes of stone fruits like nectarine. This combination gives as a result an invigorating and refreshing wine, perfect to pair with a wide range of foods.

Each wine, whether the robust Tannat or the zesty Albariño, encapsulates the essence of Uruguay’s Oceanic region, offering wine enthusiasts a taste of the rich diversity of new world winemaking.


300 m


300 mm


The most common soils are alluvial and gravel soils, both with crystalline rocks and quartz incrustations.

top varietal

Tannat and Albariño

History of wine

The Oceanic region has a very interesting winemaking history. Until 1898, it had 389 hectares cultivated with vineyards, but in spite of this, most of that area corresponded to Maldonado. In fact, Rocha only began to take on more relevance in 1930, although it has always had a much lower development than Maldonado. However, the Oceanic region had a decrease in the area represented by vineyards at the national level during the period between 1898 and 1930, reaching 2% during 1930.

At present, although the region still shows a great difference in development between Maldonado and Rocha, the latter department has slowly but progressively increased its cultivated area. For example, in 2022 Rocha had 19 ha of cultivated area, while Maldonado had 407 ha.