Oceanic Region

Oceanic Region

34° 6′ 0″ S

LATITUDE

56° 13′ 0″ W

LONGITUDE

2

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about this region

The Oceanic region is a wine region that comprises two departments: Maldonado and Rocha. 

According to an INAVI report, in 2022, there were 11 vineyards in this region, distributed as follows: 

  • The department of Florida had 38 vineyards planted on an area of 407 hectares. 
  • On the other hand, the department of Rocha had four vineyards planted on 19 hectares.

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426

Vineyard Hectares

11

WINERIES

-

growing degree days

Discover Terroir

The Oceanic region encompasses two departments: Maldonado and Rocha.

As its name indicates, this region is located near the coasts of the Atlantic Ocean. This particular location, added to the proximity to the Río de la Plata, makes the region a predominantly temperate oceanic climate.  

Crystalline rocks and quartz incrustations dominate the soil composition in the Oceanic wine region. On the other hand, the two predominant soil types are alluvial and gravel soils. 

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Most Planted Red Grapes Varieties: Tannat, Cabernet Franc, Pinot Noir

Most Planted White Grapes Varieties: Albariño

The Oceanic region stands out for producing wines rich in alcohol, mainly with the varieties Tannat, on the red wine side, and Albariño, on the white wine side.

In the case of wines produced with the Tannat variety, they can be consumed both young and aged. In the case of its younger version, the Tannat wine can present fruity notes, although the intensity of its tannins stands out especially, while the vintage wines have softer tannins, with notes that vary between red and black fruits as well as a spicy hint reminiscent of spices such as pepper.

On the other hand, the wines produced with the Albariño variety stand out for their acidity, which makes them refreshing wines, as well as for the saline touch due to the alluvial soils of the region. In addition, Albariño wines have a citric profile, with notes reminiscent of lemon peel and stone fruits such as nectarine.

altitude

<300 m

rain

1,000 - 1,300 mm

soil

The most common soils are alluvial and gravel soils, both with crystalline rocks and quartz incrustations.

top varietal

Tannat and Albariño

History of wine

The Oceanic region has a very interesting winemaking history. Until 1898, it had 389 hectares cultivated with vineyards, but in spite of this, most of that area corresponded to Maldonado. In fact, Rocha only began to take on more relevance in 1930, although it has always had a much lower development than Maldonado. However, the Oceanic region had a decrease in the area represented by vineyards at the national level during the period between 1898 and 1930, reaching 2% during 1930.

At present, although the region still shows a great difference in development between Maldonado and Rocha, the latter department has slowly but progressively increased its cultivated area. For example, in 2022 Rocha had 19 ha of cultivated area, while Maldonado had 407 ha.

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