about this subregion

Nestled in the northernmost fringes of Italy's famed Piedmont region, the Ghemme DOCG stands as a testament to the delicate interplay between environment and viticulture. This wine-producing zone, awarded the esteemed Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (DOCG) status, paints a picturesque landscape, with rolling hills cradling the vineyards and the nearby Alps providing a dramatic backdrop.

The climate of Ghemme is quintessentially continental, with cold winters and warm, sunlit summers. This dynamic ensures a prolonged ripening period for grapes, allowing them to develop intricate flavors while maintaining their natural acidity. Adding to this is Ghemme's unique soil composition, a blend of ancient glacial deposits and mineral-rich sediments, which bestows the wine with its characteristic depth and complexity.

The crowning glory of Ghemme DOCG is, without a doubt, the Nebbiolo grape variety. Known locally as "Spanna", Nebbiolo is celebrated for its robust structure, aromatic finesse, and aging potential. In Ghemme, this grape finds an environment where it thrives, producing wines that are both powerful and elegant, with notes of red fruits, roses, and often a hint of earthy minerality. A sip of Ghemme's Nebbiolo-based wine is not just a taste but an experience of the region's rich terroir and winemaking legacy.



Vineyard Hectares



1000-1300 GDD


Discover Terroir

Situated in the heart of Italy's iconic Piedmont region, Ghemme DOCG is a realm where nature and viticulture converge in poetic harmony. It's a land where the gentle undulations of hills seem to softly rise and fall as if taking a leisurely breath, cradling vineyards that have been nurtured by generations of winemakers. The Consorzio di Tutela Nebbioli Alto Piemonte is the authority dedicated to preserving and promoting the unique wines and terroir of Gattinara, and plays a vital role in safeguarding the region's winemaking traditions.

The region's proximity to the majestic Alps imparts a serene backdrop to the vineyards. These towering peaks not only grace the area with their picturesque views but also play an integral role in determining Ghemme's microclimate, casting shadows and directing winds that influence the vine growth.

Ghemme's soils speak tales of ancient glacial deposits intermingling with mineral-rich sediments. This unique composition lends the wines of this region a distinct character, echoing the terroir's richness in every sip. The vineyards themselves are a sight to behold. Rows upon rows of vines, meticulously pruned and tended to, stretch across the landscape, basking in the sun and awaiting the cool embrace of night.

Adding to the beauty of Ghemme are its waterways. Streams and rivulets meander through the landscape, reflecting the azure skies above, nurturing the land, and providing an essential lifeline to the flourishing vines.

To wander through Ghemme DOCG is to traverse a dreamscape – a place where nature's artistry and human dedication come together, creating a tapestry of green vineyards juxtaposed against the rugged beauty of distant Alpine peaks.

The climate of Ghemme DOCG is an intricate tapestry woven with threads of continental influences, Alpine whispers, and Po Valley breaths. It's a climate that is both steadfast in its patterns and surprising in its delicate variations, providing the perfect theater for the vines to play out their annual performance.

With its position nestled between the towering majesty of the Alps to the north and the vast expanse of the Po Valley to the south, Ghemme benefits from a distinctive blend of temperature fluctuations. Winters here are decisively cold, with crisp air descending from the mountains, enveloping the vineyards in a chilly embrace. The vines rest under this cool blanket, storing energy for the frenetic growth of spring.

As winter yields to spring, and then summer, the days in Ghemme gradually warm up, with sunlight caressing the grape bunches, ensuring they ripen evenly and develop the intricate flavors for which the region's wines are renowned. Yet, the nights remain cool, a gift from the Alpine breezes, ensuring that the grapes retain their natural acidity, a key component in the wine's structure and longevity.

Autumn brings with it a gentle mellowness. The days grow shorter, and the nights longer, with mists often rolling in from the Po Valley, creating a mesmerizing dance of light and shadow over the vineyards. This misty embrace further accentuates the slow ripening process, allowing the Nebbiolo grape, in particular, to achieve its full aromatic potential.

In essence, the climate of Ghemme DOCG is not just a backdrop but an active participant in the story of the wine. It's a dynamic force, shaping, nurturing, and refining the grapes, ensuring that each vintage tells a tale of that year's dance between the vines and the skies.

The soils of Ghemme DOCG, much like the wine they help produce, are layered, diverse, and deeply rooted in the region's geological history. These varied soils contribute significantly to the complexity and depth of flavors in the wines. Let's delve deeper into the major soil types that grace this esteemed region:

  1. Glacial Deposits:The remnants of ancient glaciers have left their mark on parts of Ghemme's landscape. These soils are a blend of clay, sand, and silt, infused with fragmented rocks and minerals carried down by glaciers eons ago. This diverse composition ensures good drainage while retaining sufficient moisture, providing an ideal bed for the Nebbiolo vines to sink their roots deep, drawing nutrients and minerals essential for their growth.
  2. Alluvial Soils:Closer to the region's waterways, one can find alluvial deposits. These are typically mixtures of sand, silt, and clay that have been transported by water over time. They are usually well-draining, which prevents the vines from getting waterlogged, and yet fertile, ensuring the vines receive adequate nutrition. The resultant wines often showcase a certain brightness and vibrancy, a reflection of these lively soils.
  3. Loamy Soils:Spreading across certain parcels of Ghemme are loamy soils, which strike a balance between sand, silt, and clay. This balanced texture is a boon for viticulture, as it marries the benefits of good drainage with moisture retention. Vines planted in such soils benefit from a consistent supply of water, especially during the warmer months, producing grapes with a harmonious balance of sugar and acidity.
  4. Mineral-Rich Sediments:Interspersed among Ghemme's soils are pockets rich in minerals like limestone and iron. These minerals lend an unmistakable character to the wines, often manifesting as distinct mineral undertones in the flavor profile. Vines grown in such soils tend to produce wines with a pronounced structure and depth, inviting wine enthusiasts on a sensory journey into the heart of Ghemme's terroir.


Nebbiolo, as it graces the terrains of Ghemme DOCG, is a grape variety distinguished by its unique physical attributes. Often, upon maturation, the grape presents a rich, deep red hue, but with an intriguing translucence that can almost be described as ethereal. The grape berries are medium-sized, with a slightly elliptical shape. They possess thin skins which, upon closer examination, are veiled with a delicate bloom. This thinness of the skin contributes significantly to the grape's delicate tannin structure.

In the glass, Nebbiolo from Ghemme expresses an aromatic profile that is both captivating and layered. It beckons first with high notes of red cherries and raspberries, intertwined subtly with rose petals. As it unfurls further, deeper nuances come to the fore, hinting at tar, anise, and often a touch of forest floor. On the palate, its flavors are a harmonious blend of red fruits, punctuated by hints of dried herbs, leather, and often a characteristic minerality. This complexity, combined with its naturally high acidity, makes Ghemme's Nebbiolo wines an enchanting experience, drawing wine enthusiasts into its evolving tale with each sip.

Within the esteemed boundaries of Ghemme DOCG, two wines stand out for their nuanced expressions and fidelity to regional character: the Ghemme Rosso and the Ghemme Rosso Riserva. Both wines emerge primarily from the Nebbiolo grape, locally christened as "Spanna", forming the backbone of their character. Further complexity is introduced with a touch of Uva Rara and/or Vespolina, complementing Nebbiolo's dominant presence.

  1. Ghemme Rosso:With a minimum alcohol content of 12.0%, the Ghemme Rosso is a wine that immediately captivates with its aromatic brilliance. As you approach the glass, you're greeted with fresh red berries, hints of violets, and subtle undertones of spices. This nose beautifully translates to the palate where the flavors intensify, taking on a vividness marked by cherries, plums, and a gentle whisper of forest undergrowth. Ensuring its nuanced character, the Rosso undergoes meticulous aging: a minimum of 34 months, with 18 of those dedicated to barrel aging, culminating in a final 6-month repose in the bottle before it graces a wine lover's table.
  2. Ghemme Rosso Riserva:Elevating the experience a notch higher is the Ghemme Rosso Riserva, which boasts a slightly more potent alcohol level of 12.5%. The aromatic profile of the Riserva is a deeper dive into the world of Nebbiolo. The bouquet is more intense, interlacing ripe blackberries and roses with the earthy notes of truffle and tobacco. On tasting, the Riserva unfurls with a richer palate, accentuated by flavors of dark fruits, licorice, and a touch of mocha. The wine's depth is further enhanced by its rigorous aging process: a tenure of at least 46 months, with a significant 24 months in barrels, before a final 6-month sojourn in the bottle, allowing the Riserva to achieve its harmonious complexity.