about this subregion

Discover the Paysandú wine sub-region of Uruguay

The Paysandú wine sub-region, part of the Litoral Norte wine region in Uruguay, is known for its diverse environment and favorable conditions for viticulture. Sharing this wine region with the Salto and Artigas sub-regions, Paysandú benefits from a humid subtropical climate. Summers are warm , with temperatures ranging from 26.7°C to 30.7°C, while winters are mild, with temperatures between 11.5°C and 14.5°C. The region receives an average annual rainfall of about 1300 mm, providing enough moisture for the vines.

Paysandú has a great soil diversity, with clay, loam, and sandy  being the most common soils. Clay soils retain water well, ensuring that vines have a stable moisture supply. Loam soils, on the other hand, offer good drainage and nutrient retention. Finally, sandy soils drain quickly that loam soils, encouraging vines to produce grapes with concentrated flavors.

In 2023, according to the INAVI report, Paysandú producers harvested 948 tons of grapes, representing 1.3% of the total grape harvest in Uruguay. The main grape varieties cultivated in Paysandú include Tannat, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Ugni Blanc, Chardonnay, and Trebbiano. These varieties thrive in the region's diverse soils and climate, contributing to the production of high-quality wines.


vinerra illustration

Vineyard Hectares





Discover Terroir

Paysandú, a wine region of South America, is not only recognized for its unique wines but also for its distinctive landscape. The region's topography, characterized by rolling plains, gentle hills, and the presence of the Uruguay River, contributes to its unique terroir, where vineyards thrive.

The landscape of the Paysandú department features a mix of gently undulating plains and low hills. This varied terrain allows for different microclimates that influence the characteristics of the grapes. In addition, the rolling hills provide excellent drainage, which is beneficial for grape growing, as it helps prevent waterlogging and ensures the vines' roots receive adequate oxygen.

One of the most striking features of the Paysandú landscape is the Uruguay River, which flows along the western edge of the region. This river not only moderates the temperatures of Paysandú. but also contributes to the region's scenic beauty. The proximity to the river also creates different microclimates, very beneficial for grape growing.

The Paysandú region is not only dotted with picturesque vineyards, but also with fields destined to agriculture, that adds to the unique enchantment of the region, creating a patchwork of different colors throughout the growing season.

The Paysandú wine sub-region  has a humid subtropical climate, which is well-suited for viticulture. The summers, spanning from December to March, are warm to hot with average high temperatures ranging from 26.7°C to 30.7°C. January tends to have the highest temperatures, with peaks of around 25.4°C. This warm temperatures are essential for the grapes as they can have many hours of sunshine, beneficial for photosynthesis and proper ripening.

Winters in Paysandú, that span from June to August, are mild and relatively dry. Average temperatures during this season range from 11.5°C to 14.5°C, with July being the coldest month, where temperatures can drop to around 7.8°C. This mild winter weather is beneficial as it helps control vineyard pests and diseases without exposing the vines to potential frosts.

The region receives an average annual rainfall of about 1300 mm, which is well distributed throughout the year. However, April and October tend to be the wettest months, each receiving around 144 mm of rain. On the other hand, the driest month is July, with about 74 mm of precipitation. This consistent rainfall pattern provides enough moisture for the vines, although they also require careful vineyard management to prevent fungal diseases.

Humidity in Paysandú is relatively high, averaging between 70-80% during the most humid months, that usually are June and July. This humidity can be challenging for viticulture, requiring careful management practices to maintain vine health. Despite the high humidity, the region also enjoys a good amount of sunshine, especially in the summer months, which helps to reduce the humidity levels.

The Paysandú wine sub-region has a great diverse soil composition which play a key role in the cultivation of grapevines and the production of high-quality wines. The most common soils found in this region are clay, loam, and sandy soils.

  1. Clay Soils: Clay soils are the most common in Paysandú, and have a great capacity for retaining water. These soils  provide a stable moisture environment for grapevines, something very beneficial during dry periods. This characteristic also promotes a steady growth and the development of robust vine structures. Grapes cultivated in clay soils  give birth to full-bodied wines with strong structure.
  2. Loam Soils: Loam soils, that have a balanced mix of sand, silt, and clay, are also very common in the Paysandú region. These soils offer good drainage while retaining enough moisture and nutrients. This balanced sois provides an optimal growing environment for grapevines, supporting the development of root systems and vigorous growth. Loam soils are especially appreciated for their ability to sustain a wide range of grapes, leading to the production of wines with rounded and harmonious profiles. 
  3. Sandy Soils: Sandy soils, though less common than clay and loam, are found in some areas of Paysandú. These soils have a greater drainage capacity than clay and loam soil, as well as less concentration of nutrients. This forces the vines to develop deep root systems in search of water and nutrients, encouraging them to develop grapes with intense flavors that translate into the wines. In addition, the good drainage of sandy soils reduces the risk of waterlogging and fungal diseases.


Paysandú is renowned for its favorable climatic conditions and diverse soil types, which makes this region very suitable for viticulture. The key grape varieties grown here are Tannat, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Ugni Blanc, Chardonnay, and Trebbiano.

  1. Tannat: Tannat, the most planted grape in Paysandú, flourishes in well-drained soils and requires a great amount of sunlight. This grape benefits from the ample rainfall of the region, which ensures adequate moisture levels in the soil. Tannat vines are robust and can withstand the occasional temperature fluctuations of the area, making them ideal for the climatic conditions of Paysandú. In terms of maintenance, Tannat vines benefit from regular pruning, to maintain the vines healthy and obtain high-quality grapes. 
  2. Cabernet Sauvignon: Cabernet Sauvignon thrives in the clay and loamy soils of Paysandú. This grape requires a balance of warm temperatures and enough  rainfall to fully develop its organoleptic characteristics and achieve ideal levels of ripeness. Finally, the long growing season in Paysandú allows for the gradual ripening of the grapes, which is crucial for achieving a balance between the levels of sugar and acidity. 
  3. Merlot: Merlot is another red grape that thrives in Paysandú. This grape prefers the cooler areas of Paysandú, and grows best in soils rich in minerals and with good drainage. In addition, Merlot requires moderate rainfall to maintain consistent moisture levels in the soil, something that Paysandú provides. Merlot vines also benefit from canopy management practices,  to ensure enough sun exposure and circulation of air.
  4. Ugni Blanc: Ugni Blanc, a very adaptable white grape, thrives in the diverse soils of Paysandú. This grape variety prefers a warm climate with moderate rainfall, making the climatic conditions of Paysandú ideal. Ugni Blanc vines are hardy and can tolerate occasional dry spells, although they grow best in conditions with consistent moisture. Finally, the long growing season in Paysandú supports the gradual ripening of Ugni Blanc grapes, allowing them to develop more intense aromas and flavors.
  5. Chardonnay: Chardonnay benefits from the difference of temperatures between the warm days and cool nights of Paysandú. The grape variety requires soils with good drainage, something that Paysandú provides. In addition, this grape grows best with moderate rainfall and great temperature fluctuations between day and night, that allows the grape to have consistent levels of moisture and develop higher levels of natural acidity respectively. 
  6. Trebbiano: Although it is more relevant for Italian viticulture, Trebbiano is also grown in Paysandú, thriving in the soils with good drainage and great fertility of the region. This grape variety requires a warm climate and enough rainfall to ensure consistent growth. Trebbiano vines don't have many requirements in terms of maintenance, although they benefit from regular pruning and vineyard management to produce high-quality grapes.

These grapes, coupled with less produced varieties like Cabernet Franc or Pinot Noir, contribute with unique characteristics to the enchanting and memorable wines of Paysandú.

Paysandú is getting more recognizement for the wide range of wines it produces. Here, the most produced wines are Tannat, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Ugni Blanc, Chardonnay, and Trebbiano:

  1. Tannat: Tannat wines are known for their great intensity, rich flavor profile and  structure. They usually show aromas of dark berries, such as blackberry and plum, coupled with hints of spice, leather, and tobacco. On the palate, Tannat wines are full-bodied, showing strong tannins and flavors that may remind you of black fruit, chocolate, and sometimes a touch of earthiness. These wines often have a long and complex finish.
  2. Cabernet Sauvignon: Cabernet Sauvignon wines from Paysandú stand out for their deep color and complex aromas. In the nose, they usually show a bouquet of blackcurrant, cassis, and green bell pepper notes, with subtle undertones of cedar and tobacco. On the palate, these red wines usually show ripe black fruit notes that may remind you of blackberry and black cherry, coupled with notes of vanilla and oak in aged versions. These full-bodied wines are very appreciated for their firm tannins and balanced acidity.
  3. Merlot: Merlot wines stand out for their smooth texture and approachable profile. They usually showcase aromas of red fruits, such as cherry and raspberry, as well as hints of cocoa, vanilla, and sometimes a touch of mint. On the palate, Merlot wines are medium to full-bodied, have soft tannins and show flavors of plum, black cherry, and chocolate, while the finish is usually round and provides a pleasant velvety sensation to the palate.
  4. Ugni Blanc: Ugni Blanc wines are known for their crisp and refreshing profile. They usually feature aromas of green apple, citrus, and white flowers. On the palate, these wines show a high acidity and notes of lemon, lime, and sometimes a hint of pear. These wines are light-bodied and very appreciated for their bright and clean finish.
  5. Chardonnay: Chardonnay wines from Paysandú are very versatile, ranging from light and crisp to rich and creamy, depending on the winemaking style. Some of the most typical aromas you may find are tropical fruits like pineapple and mango, coupled with apple, pear, and citrus notes. The flavor profile is complex, combining a refreshing acidity with notes of fresh fruit and buttery or vanilla notes in the aged versions. These wines are also very appreciated for their smooth and lingering finish.
  6. Trebbiano: Trebbiano wines in Paysandú are renowned for their light and fresh character. They usually show subtle aromas of green apple, lemon, and sometimes almond. On the palate, these wines shine thanks to their high acidity and flavors of citrus fruits and green apple, coupled with a subtle minerality. These light bodied wines are light-bodied and offer a crisp, clean and refreshing finish.

This wines, coupled with other less produced wines such as Pinot Noir or Cabernet Franc, showcase the great viticultural diversity of a new world wine region like Paysandú.