31° 23' 7.7964'' S


57° 57' 36.2844'' W




about this subregion

Discover the Salto wine sub-region of Uruguay

The Salto wine sub-region, located in the Litoral Norte wine region of Uruguay, is known for its unique environment that supports the cultivation of various grape varieties. Thissub-region shares the Litoral Norte region with Artigas and Paysandú. In 2023, according to the INAVI report, Salto producers harvested 453 tons of grapes, accounting for 0.6% of the total grape harvest in Uruguay, Key.grape varieties in Salto are Tannat, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Sauvignon Blanc, and Chardonnay

The climate is warm and temperate, characterized by hot, humid summers and mild, relatively dry winters. The average annual temperature is 19°C (66.3°F), with January being the warmest month at around 26°C (78.8°F) and July being the coldest at 12.3°C (54.1°F). The region receives an average annual rainfall of approximately 1352 mm (53.2 inches), with the wettest months being March and April. This consistent rainfall supports the healthy growth of grapevines, although vineyard management practices are essential to prevent waterlogging and ensure optimal vine health.

The soils in Salto are diverse, predominantly featuring clay, loam, and sandy soils, each of them with unique characteristics. For example, while clay soils retain moisture well, loam soils offer a great balance of good drainage and nutrient retention. The combination of its unique terroir and the skilled winemakers of the region makes Salto one of the hidden gems of South America.


vinerra illustration

Vineyard Hectares





Discover Terroir

The landscape of the Salto wine sub-region in Uruguay is characterized by its diverse terrain. This region features gently rolling hills and expansive plains, which provide an ideal location for vineyards that can receive many hours of sunlight. The proximity to the Uruguay River makes this picturesque region even more beautiful, and makes this region very conducive for viticulture.

The Salto region is known for its historical significance for Uruguay's wine industry, with vineyards that date back to the early 20th century. The terrain here is not only visually appealing, but also offers diverse microclimates thanks to the variations in elevation. This characteristic helps to create unique growing conditions for the grapes, allowing winemakers to produce different styles of wines.

The combination of gently sloping hills and flat plains ensures good drainage and sun exposure, key for a healthy grape development. This dynamic environment helps Salto maintain its reputation as a significant wine-producing area not only for Uruguay, but also for South America.

The Salto wine sub-region in Uruguay has a warm and temperate climate, classified as humid subtropical. This region experiences hot, humid summers and mild, relatively dry winters. The average annual temperature in Salto is 19°C (66.3°F), with January being the hottest month, averaging 26°C, and July being the coldest, averaging 12.3°C .

Summers in Salto, from December to February, are marked by high temperatures. These months also bring the highest levels of precipitation, with March typically being the wettest month, receiving around 153 mm of rainfall. The high summer temperatures and great amount of sunshine, averaging 10-11 hours of sunlight per day, are ideal for the ripening process of grapes.

Winters, on the other hand, are mild and go from June to August, with temperatures ranging from 8°C to 19°C (46°F to 66°F). Rainfall during these months is lower, with July being the driest month, receiving about 79 mm (3.1 inches) of rain. Despite the reduced precipitation, the region maintains high levels of humidity, usually around 75-80%.

The Salto wine sub-region in Uruguay has a great diversity of soil types that play a key role in viticulture. The most common soils in Salto are clay, loam, and sandy soils, each of them offering unique benefits for grape growing.

  1. Clay Soils: These are the most common soils within the Salto wine sub-region and are known for their excellent water retention capacity. These soils help to maintain consistent moisture levels for the vines, especially during dry periods. This  ensures that vines have consistent levels of moisture, promoting healthy vine growth and the development of robust grapes. This soil type is especially beneficial for varieties that require steady hydration to produce high-quality fruit.
  2. Loam Soils: Loam soils have a balanced mixture of sand, silt, and clay, and are also very common within Salto. These soils, rich in nutrients, provide good drainage and moisture to the vines, supporting their healthy growth. In addition, the balanced texture of loam soils promotes the development of strong root systems, key for the overall health and productivity of the vines. Loam soils have a great fertility, and allow to produce rounded wines with harmonious profiles.
  3. Sandy Soils: Finally, sandy soils are also common in Salto,  often mixed with gravel. These soils are known for their excellent drainage properties, which prevent waterlogging and promote a deep root development. In addition, sandy soils tend to warm up quickly, enhancing the ripening process of the grapes. These characteristics are beneficial for grape varieties that thrive in warm conditions, and excel in well drained areas.


The Salto wine sub-region, located in South America, stands out for its diverse grape varieties and favorable growing conditions. The key grape varieties for Salto are Tannat, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Sauvignon Blanc, and Chardonnay.

  1. Tannat: Tannat is the most planted grape within the Salto sub-region. It thrives in soils with good drainage, such as clay and loam, which have a good moisture retention and great concentration of nutrients. This grape variety requires a warm climate with good amount of sunlight to ensure an ideal ripening process. In addition, the humid subtropical climate of Salto provides ideal conditions for the development of balanced acidity in Tannat grapes.
  2. Cabernet Sauvignon: Cabernet Sauvignon benefits from the clay and loam soils of Salto, which provide a balance between drainage and moisture retention. This red wine grape requires a long growing season with warm temperatures to develop its characteristic tannins and color. The warm summers of Salto ensure that Cabernet Sauvignon grapes achieve full ripeness, while the mild winters help the grape to maintain balanced levels of acidity.
  3. Merlot: Merlot thrives in the fertile loamy soils of Salto, that offer good drainage and retention of humidity. This grape variety prefers cooler climates compared to other red varieties, although it still requires a warm growing season to fully ripen. The climate in Salto supports the healthy growth of Merlot vines, thanks to its warm temperatures and moderate rainfall.
  4. Sauvignon Blanc: Sauvignon Blanc thrives in the soils with excellent drainage of Salto. This grape thrives in cooler temperatures, which helps it to preserve high levels of natural acidity, making Salto's climate ideal for its cultivation. In addition, the moderate humidity and ample sunshine in the region support the development of healthy vines and high-quality grapes.
  5. Chardonnay: Chardonnay adapts really well to the different soils of Salto, from the clay soils to the sandy soils. This grape variety requires a great balance between warm temperatures and consistent humidity throughout the growing season. The climate in Salto, with its warm summers and moderate rainfall, provides an optimal environment for the development of Chardonnay grapes with high acidity.

These grapes, coupled with less planted grapes such as Pinot Noir, allows winemakers from Salto to produce wines with unique characteristics.

The Salto wine sub-region is getting more recognizement for its focus on high-quality wines. The most representative wines from the region are Tannat, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Sauvignon Blanc, and Chardonnay, each wine showcasing unique aromatic and flavor profiles:

  1. Tannat: Tannat is known for its deep, dark color and robust structure. This wine often shows rich aromas of blackberries, plums, coupled with complex and subtle notes of leather and spices in aged versions. On the palate, Tannat is full-bodied and shows strong tannins, as well as flavors of dark fruits, chocolate, and sometimes a touch of earthiness in aged Tannat wines. The finish is usually long and complex, making this wine perfect to pair with hearty dishes, such as food where the main ingredient is red meat.
  2. Cabernet Sauvignon: Cabernet Sauvignon from this subregion is characterized by its deep ruby color and complex aromatic bouquet. These red wines usually showcase aromas of blackcurrant, cassis, and green bell pepper, with subtle notes of cedar and tobacco in oak-aged versions. On the palate, they show flavors of ripe black fruits, such as blackberry and black cherry, complemented by hints of vanilla and oak in aged Cabernet Sauvignon wines. This full bodied wine has firm tannins and a balanced acidity, that lead to a smooth, lingering finish.
  3. Merlot: Merlot wines from Salto are renowned for their smoothness and approachable profile. This wine often features aromas of red fruits like cherry and raspberry, along with undertones of cocoa, vanilla and mint on oak-aged versions.  On the palate, Merlot is medium to full-bodied with soft tannins, offering flavors of plum, black cherry, and chocolate. The finish is round and velvety, making it an easy to drink wine.
  4. Sauvignon Blanc: Sauvignon Blanc, the most common white wines from Salto, are celebrated for their vibrant and refreshing profile. The wine usually showcases aromas of green apple, citrus, and white flowers, with subtle herbaceous notes that add a hint of complexity. On the other hand, this wine has a crisp acidity in the mouth, coupled with flavors of lemon, lime, and sometimes hints of tropical fruits like passion fruit. The finish is clean and refreshing, making it an excellent choice for warm days and to pair with light foods like salads.
  5. Chardonnay: Chardonnay is a very versatile wine that can range from a light and crisp style to a more rich and creamy expression, depending on the winemaking style. The wine often has aromas of apple, pear, stone fruit and citrus, with hints of tropical fruits like pineapple. Oak-aged Chardonnay can also show notes of butter and vanilla. On the palate, Chardonnay offers a balance of fresh fruit flavors and a smooth, creamy texture, with a clean finish or subtly spicy in the case of oak-aged Chardonnay.