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about this region

Nestled in the picturesque landscapes of Georgia, the Lechkhumi wine region stands as a captivating jewel in the world of winemaking. Lechkhumi shares borders with two wine regions of Georgia: to the east, it borders the Racha wine region, while to the south it borders Imereti.

This enchanting region is celebrated for its rich viticultural heritage and the cultivation of a diverse array of grape varieties. Lechkhumi boasts a remarkable selection of both red and white grapes, each contributing to the region's unique and vibrant winemaking traditions. Among the red grape varietals found in Lechkhumi are Aleksandrouli, Mujuretuli, Orbeluri, and Rachuli Dzelshavi, while the white grape varieties include Tsolikouri and Tsulukidze Tetra. These grapes, carefully nurtured in the region's fertile soils and favorable climate, are the foundation of Lechkhumi's distinguished wines, which continue to enchant wine enthusiasts around the world with their distinct character and charm. As we delve deeper into the Lechkhumi wine region, we will explore the secrets behind these grape varieties and the wines they yield, unlocking the essence of this remarkable Georgian terroir.


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Vineyard Hectares




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Discover Terroir

Nestled within the heart of Georgia's stunning natural scenery, the Lechkhumi wine region is a captivating canvas painted with nature's finest strokes. Located in the western part of the country, it is framed by the majestic Greater Caucasus Mountains to the north and rolling hills and fertile river valleys to the south.

To the north, the towering peaks of the Greater Caucasus Mountains stand guard, their imposing presence shaping the region's northern boundary. Cloaked in lush forests and often capped with glistening snow, these mountains cast impressive shadows that contribute to the region's unique microclimate.

In contrast, the southern landscape gently undulates into meandering hills and verdant river valleys, providing a nurturing cradle for the vineyards. These valleys, carved by the winding rivers flowing from the mountains, are adorned with luxuriant green meadows, creating fertile grounds for vine cultivation.

The Lechkhumi wine region showcases a harmonious interplay of natural elements. Crystalline streams and rivers wind their way through the land, mirroring the azure skies above. Dense forests, teeming with diverse flora and fauna, paint the landscape with vibrant shades of green, offering a sanctuary for wildlife.

As you explore the region, you'll come across charming villages and quaint homesteads nestled among the vineyards and orchards. These settlements bear witness to the harmonious coexistence of humanity and nature in this picturesque corner of the world.

In essence, the Lechkhumi wine region is a tapestry woven with contrasts and symbiotic relationships. Here, soaring mountains meet fertile valleys, rivers sculpt the earth's surface, and vineyards flourish under the benevolent gaze of nature's grandeur. It's a place where the land's beauty is as enchanting as the wines it yields, a testament to the enduring connection between geography and the art of winemaking.

Nestled amidst the majestic landscapes of Georgia, the Lechkhumi wine region is a realm where the very essence of winemaking is molded by the capricious hand of climate. Here, beneath the azure skies and towering mountains, the vineyards bask in a climatic embrace that weaves a captivating tale in every sip of its wines.

The heart and soul of Lechkhumi's winemaking journey is its humid subtropical climate, an atmospheric symphony that dances between extremes, much like the notes of a fine wine. High humidity and generous rainfall are the sentinels of this region, shrouding it in a veil of moisture that nurtures the vineyards throughout the year. As winter takes its firm grip, the land is transformed into a snow-laden haven, especially in the lofty heights where the ice reigns supreme, steadfastly guarding the dormant vines below.

The transition to summer is like a metamorphosis, as the land emerges from its frozen slumber to embrace the fiery sun. The summers in Lechkhumi are a crescendo of heat, accompanied by a profound thirst for dryness, as the sun-kissed vines unfurl their leaves and reach for the heavens. The arid embrace of summer is a defining trait of the region, creating a microcosm where grapes find their sweet refuge amidst the scorching rays.

Historically, the climatic tableau of Lechkhumi has nurtured the production of semi-sweet wines, where the balance between the humidity-laden winters and the parched summers is harmoniously struck. These wines bear the legacy of generations past, a testament to the region's enduring dedication to its winemaking heritage.

Yet, a whisper of change has begun to echo through the vineyards, as the winemakers of Lechkhumi have embarked on a journey towards crafting dry wines as well. The region's climate, with its enigmatic duality, has provided the canvas upon which this transformation unfolds, infusing a fresh vitality into the traditional terroir.

In the Lechkhumi wine region, each bottle is a story told by the climate, the land, and the hands that labor upon the vine. It is a journey through seasons, a symphony of flavors, and an ode to the art of winemaking. In every sip, one can taste the echoes of winters' cold embrace, the warmth of summer's kiss, and the enduring spirit of a region where climate and terroir conspire to create wines that are nothing short of extraordinary.

The Lechkhumi wine region in Georgia, renowned for its distinct wines, boasts a rich tapestry of soil types that play a crucial role in the flavor and quality of its wines. Here's a more relatable rundown of these soil varieties:

  1. Carbonaceous Humus Soils: Think of these as the nutrient-packed powerhouses of the soil world. Rich in organic matter, they're like a hearty meal for the grapevines, providing all the essential nutrients and keeping enough water on hand to quench the vines' thirst.
  2. Clay Soils: Imagine clay soils as the sponge of the earth. They're excellent at holding onto water and nutrients, which is great for the vines. But, just like a sponge, they can get waterlogged, so they need a bit of attention to make sure they drain well.
  3. Lime Soils: These soils are the mineral mavens. They're kind of like adding a sprinkle of sea salt to a dish – they bring out a unique mineral quality in the grapes that can really make a wine's flavor profile stand out.
  4. Clay Mixed with Flint: Here's where things get interesting. Flint in the soil is like a little suntrap, absorbing heat and keeping the soil warm. This is super helpful for the grapes, especially when the weather isn't playing nice, helping them ripen just right.
  5. Sandy Clay Soils: The best of both worlds – sandy clay soils combine the moisture-holding magic of clay with the easy-draining nature of sand. It's like having a well-balanced diet for the vines, ensuring they get just what they need.

Each of these soils contributes its own special touch to the grapes, influencing not just how they grow, but also the dance of flavors and aromas in the wines they produce. It's this unique blend of soils, along with Lechkhumi's climatic charm, that makes the wines from this region stand out in a crowd​​​​​​.


Lechkhumi, a region in western Georgia, is renowned for its rich viticultural heritage, encompassing a variety of unique grape varieties. This write-up focuses on the agricultural and climatic requirements of six notable grape varieties from Lechkhumi: Aleksandrouli, Mujuretuli, Orbeluri, Rachuli Dzelshavi, Tsolikouri, and Tsulukidze Tetra.

  1. Aleksandrouli: This grape variety thrives in the humid and relatively mild climate of Lechkhumi, particularly along river valleys. Aleksandrouli requires well-drained, fertile soils, often found on the slopes of the region. It's resilient to some fungal diseases but can be susceptible to others due to the region's humidity. Regular pruning and canopy management are essential to maintain the health and productivity of these vines.
  2. Mujuretuli: Often grown alongside Aleksandrouli, Mujuretuli shares similar climatic preferences. It flourishes in the humid and temperate climate of Lechkhumi, with a particular fondness for the region's alluvial soils. Mujuretuli vines are vigorous and require careful management to ensure balanced growth and to prevent over-cropping, which can affect the quality of the grapes.
  3. Orbeluri: Orbeluri is adapted to the slightly cooler and more varied microclimates of Lechkhumi. It prefers well-exposed sites, often on hillside terraces, where it can receive ample sunlight. The grape is moderately resistant to common vine diseases but requires attentive vineyard practices to manage its vigorous growth and to ensure optimal sun exposure for the grapes.
  4. Rachuli Dzelshavi: This variety is suited to the diverse microclimates of Lechkhumi, showing a preference for cooler areas with good air circulation. Rachuli Dzelshavi benefits from the region's mix of sandy and clay soils, which provide good drainage. It is relatively resistant to drought but needs protection against certain vine diseases common in humid conditions.
  5. Tsolikouri: Tsolikouri is one of the most widely planted white grape varieties in Lechkhumi. It thrives in the valley's microclimates, which offer a balance of sunshine and moisture. The grape is known for its adaptability to different soil types, though it performs best in calcareous, well-drained soils. Tsolikouri is resistant to some vine diseases but requires vigilant canopy management to prevent others.
  6. Tsulukidze Tetra: This less common variety is adapted to the specific terroir of Lechkhumi. It prefers higher elevations with cooler temperatures and benefits from the region's mix of clay and stony soils. Tsulukidze Tetra requires careful site selection and vineyard management to achieve its best potential, being sensitive to extreme weather conditions and certain vine diseases.

Each of these grape varieties reflects the unique terroir of the Lechkhumi region, with their agricultural and climatic requirements shaping the distinctive character of the wines produced from them. Their cultivation is a testament to the rich viticultural tradition of the region and its adaptability to diverse environmental conditions.

The Lechkhumi wine region in Georgia, although small in size, is significant in the country's wine production. The region is known for its unique wine varieties, many of which are sweeter compared to their Western European counterparts due to the high sugar levels created by the sunny climate. Here are some of the most common wines from Lechkhumi:

  1. Khvanchkara: This is a semi-sweet red wine, famous for its intense purple color, full body, and rich fruit tones. It is made from a blend of Aleksandrouli and Mujuretuli grapes. Khvanchkara enjoys a historical status and has been produced under the Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) label since 1932.
  2. Tvishi: Another PDO wine from the region, Tvishi is a naturally semi-sweet white wine made from the Tsolikauri grape variety. The vineyards for Tvishi are located in the Tsageri municipality, in a micro-zone known for its humid climate with cold winters and warm summers.
  3. Aleksandrouli: A red semi-sweet wine, traditionally made in the PDO of Khvanchkara. The Aleksandrouli grape variety is indigenous to the region and is gaining popularity in dry wine production as well. This variety is versatile, also used for producing rosé wines.
  4. Tsolikauri: This grape variety is primarily used for making dry wines but, in the specific natural conditions of the Tvishi micro-zone, it is used for producing the semi-sweet Tvishi wine.
  5. Tsulukidzis Tetra: Known as Rachuli Tetra, this white grape variety is used to make naturally semi-sweet white wine, characterized by a light straw color and intense aromas.

The region's terroir is influenced by the proximity of the Caucasus Mountains, creating a landscape with vineyards on slopes that benefit from a favorable north/south aspect. The region experiences moderately cold winters and hot, dry summers, with grapevines planted at low densities to prevent fungal rots due to high humidity levels.

In summary, the Lechkhumi region's wines are distinguished by their sweetness and rich fruit tones, with PDOs like Khvanchkara and Tvishi being among the most notable. The region's unique climate and terroir contribute significantly to the distinct characteristics of these wines




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Lechkhumi's soils range from carbonaceous humus, clay, lime, to flint-mixed, and sandy clay.

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Aleksandrouli, Mujuretuli, Orbeluri, Rachuli Dzelshavi, Tsolikouri, Tsulukidze Tetra

History of wine

The history of winemaking in the Lechkhumi region, part of the larger Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti region in northwestern Georgia, is rich and deeply rooted in the area's cultural and historical tapestry.

Lechkhumi's winemaking heritage is intertwined with its unique geographical setting. The region is characterized by its mountainous terrain and the valleys of the Rioni and Tskhenistskali rivers, providing an ideal environment for viticulture. This area has been inhabited since ancient times, with evidence of human presence dating back to the Neolithic Age. The region's history extends to the Colchian era, an ancient civilization known for its advanced agricultural practices.

The town of Tsageri, situated in the Tskhenistskali valley, plays a significant role in the region's viticultural history. Surrounding this town are the microzones such as Zubi-Okureshi-Isunderi, where the valuable Usakhelouri grape is cultivated. Another notable village is Orbeli, known for the Orbeluri Ojaleshi grape variety, a significant red grape of Lechkhumi.

Lechkhumi's vineyards are notable for their placement on highly inclined sunny slopes along the two main rivers, which contributes to the quality of the grapes grown there. The primary grape variety currently cultivated in Lechkhumi is Tsolikouri, including a local variation known as Green Tsolikouri or Lechkhumuri Tsolikouri. The Tvishi-Alpana microzone, located in the Rioni valley, is particularly distinguished for its high-quality Tsolikouri grapes. From these grapes, both semi-sweet and dry white wines are produced, maintaining a tradition of winemaking that includes both modern and ancient methods like Qvevri winemaking.

Despite its historical significance, many of Lechkhumi's indigenous grape varieties have been lost or forgotten. Efforts to restore these varieties are challenging, but there is a growing interest in reviving these traditional grapes and winemaking practices. Small wineries in the region, like Asatiani Wine and Mushkudiani Winery in the village of Tvishi, are notable for adhering to organic viticulture and natural winemaking methods, reflecting a broader trend towards sustainable and traditional practices in the region.


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