Buenos Aires

Buenos Aires

38° 08’ S


62°40’ W




about this subregion

The Buenos Aires wine subregion is situated within Argentina, one of the top wine producers in South America. Its environment is characterized by a cool climate and varied topography, with vineyards located at high altitudes and influenced by the proximity to the Atlantic Ocean. This unique combination of factors contributes to the production of high-quality wines with distinctive flavors and aromas.

The main grape varieties cultivated in the Buenos Aires wine subregion include Malbec, Bonarda, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Petit Verdot, Chardonnay, and Sauvignon Blanc. Each grape variety thrives in the region's cool climate, with Malbec and Bonarda being particularly well-suited to the terroir. Cabernet Franc and Cabernet Sauvignon also flourish, producing complex and elegant wines with excellent aging potential. Petit Verdot adds depth and structure to blends, while Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc showcase the region's ability to produce crisp and refreshing white wines.

Overall, the Buenos Aires wine subregion offers a diverse range of wines that reflect the unique characteristics of its environment. From bold reds to vibrant whites, these wines showcase the best of what the region has to offer and continue to gain recognition both domestically and internationally.


vinerra illustration

Vineyard Hectares





Discover Terroir

The Buenos Aires wine subregion, situated within the broader Patagonia and Atlantic wine region, encompasses a diverse and picturesque landscape that spans across the southern reaches of Argentina. Bordered to the south and west by the vast expanse of the Atlantic Ocean, this subregion enjoys a coastal setting that significantly influences its climate and terroir.

Stretching southward from the provinces of Santa Fe and Entre Rios and eastward from La Pampa, the Buenos Aires wine subregion benefits from a strategic location along Argentina's eastern coast. This proximity to the ocean brings cooling maritime breezes and moderates temperatures throughout the year, creating favorable conditions for viticulture. The maritime influences, combined with ample sunshine and well-drained soils, contribute to the subregion's reputation for producing high-quality wines.

The landscape of the Buenos Aires wine subregion is characterized by a mix of rolling hills, fertile plains, and coastal plains, each offering unique microclimates ideal for grape cultivation. Vineyards dot the countryside, with grapevines thriving in this diverse terrain. The region's topography, combined with its maritime climate, allows for the cultivation of a variety of grape varieties, including Malbec, Bonarda, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Petit Verdot, Chardonnay, and Sauvignon Blanc.

In 2021, all grape production in the Buenos Aires subregion was directed towards local winemaking, underscoring the importance of the region within Argentina's wine industry. As the subregion continues to harness its natural advantages and refine its winemaking techniques, it is poised to further establish itself as a prominent player in both domestic and international markets. With its stunning landscape and exceptional wines, the Buenos Aires wine subregion offers a captivating blend of tradition, innovation, and terroir-driven excellence.

The Buenos Aires wine subregion, emerging as a distinguished producer within Argentina's vast viticultural landscape, enjoys a climate that is both unique and conducive to the cultivation of premium wines. This subregion is characterized by its sandy terroir and maritime influences, courtesy of its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean. The climate here is notably influenced by strong, persistent winds and a significant range of temperature fluctuations, both of which play a crucial role in vine development and the resultant wine quality.

Vineyards in this area bask in the abundant sunlight, thanks to its advantageous altitude of the vines over sea level. This extensive sun exposure is pivotal in achieving grapes with high sugar contents, essential for the creation of robust and flavorful wines. The winds of spring, while challenging, contribute positively by encouraging the development of thicker grape skins. These thicker skins are instrumental in imparting an intense color to the wines, a hallmark of the region's output.

The climate in Buenos Aires' wine subregion, with its cool, maritime influence, not only defines the growing season but also delineates the flavor profiles of its wines. The cool breezes from the ocean moderate the summer heat, ensuring a gradual and balanced ripening of grapes. This slow maturation process is critical for developing a spectrum of flavors and aromas in the grapes, which are then meticulously captured in the winemaking process.

In essence, the Buenos Aires wine subregion's climate is a harmonious blend of maritime influences, wind patterns, and solar exposure, all of which converge to create a distinctive viticultural environment. This climate fosters the growth of vines that yield grapes capable of producing wines with rich colors, complex flavors, and an elegance that is becoming increasingly recognized on the international wine stage.

The Buenos Aires wine subregion, an emerging viticultural area within Argentina, is characterized by its unique soil composition, which plays a pivotal role in shaping the profile of its wines. The soils here vary significantly across the region, contributing to the diversity of wine styles produced. These soils, influenced by the region's proximity to the Atlantic Ocean and its varied topography, range from sandy loams to limestone-rich formations, each imparting distinct characteristics to the wines. Below, we explore the most common soil types found in the Buenos Aires wine subregion.

  1. Sandy Soils: Sandy soils are prevalent in parts of the Buenos Aires wine subregion, particularly in areas closer to the coast. These soils are known for their excellent drainage capabilities, which prevent water from accumulating around the vine roots, thereby reducing the risk of root diseases. Vines grown in sandy soils tend to produce wines with elegant aromas and a delicate structure, often with higher aromatic intensity and a refined texture. The permeability of these soils also encourages deep root systems, allowing vines to access nutrients from deeper layers, contributing to the complexity of the wine.
  2. Limestone Soils: Limestone is another significant soil type within the Buenos Aires subregion. Limestone soils are beneficial for grape growing due to their ability to moderate soil temperature, retain moisture during dry spells, and provide excellent drainage. These soils are alkaline, which can influence the nutrient uptake of the vines, impacting vine growth and fruit development. Wines from limestone soils are often noted for their minerality, with a crisp acidity that can enhance the aging potential of the wine. The mineral qualities derived from limestone soils add a distinct dimension to the wine's flavor profile, enhancing its complexity.
  3. Loamy Soils: Loamy soils, a mixture of sand, silt, and clay, are found in various parts of the Buenos Aires wine subregion. This balanced soil composition offers both good drainage and sufficient water retention to support vine health during dry periods. The presence of organic matter in loam helps in maintaining soil fertility, promoting vigorous vine growth. Wines produced from grapes grown in loamy soils tend to be well-balanced, with a good structure and depth of flavor. The versatility of loamy soils supports a wide range of grape varieties, allowing for the production of diverse wine styles.

The soil composition of the Buenos Aires wine subregion significantly influences the viticultural potential of the area, impacting everything from vine health to the sensory attributes of the wine. Sandy soils contribute to the aromatic finesse of the wines, limestone soils add minerality and freshness, while loamy soils provide a balanced foundation for diverse wine production. Together, these soils form the basis of the terroir in the Buenos Aires subregion, underpinning the quality and distinctiveness of its wines.


The Buenos Aires wine subregion, nestled within the broader scope of the Patagonia and Atlantic wine regions of Argentina, has recently come into the limelight for its unique viticultural offerings. This area, known for its diverse climate and geographical landscapes, contributes significantly to the wine production profile of Argentina, particularly in the cultivation of certain grape varieties that thrive under its specific conditions. Below, we delve into the most common grapes of this subregion, focusing on their agricultural and climatic requirements.

  1. Malbec: Arguably Argentina's flagship grape, Malbec has found a conducive environment in the Buenos Aires subregion. This grape variety demands a climate that offers a significant diurnal temperature variation, which is characteristic of this area. The warm days allow for optimal sugar development, while the cooler nights help maintain acidity levels and color intensity. Malbec vines are robust, requiring well-drained soils, and they benefit from the arid conditions found in Buenos Aires, which reduce the risk of fungal diseases.
  2. Bonarda: Known as the second most planted grape in Argentina, Bonarda flourishes in the Buenos Aires subregion due to its adaptability to various climatic conditions. It prefers warm temperatures but can also tolerate cooler climates, making it well-suited to the varied microclimates of Buenos Aires. Bonarda vines need moderate water, which aligns well with the region's irrigation practices derived from the Andean snowmelt. This variety benefits from the sandy and alluvial soils prevalent in the area, promoting healthy root development and vine vigor.
  3. Cabernet Franc: This grape variety is gaining popularity in Buenos Aires for its ability to adapt to cooler climates within the subregion. Cabernet Franc requires a long growing season to fully mature and develop its characteristic profiles. The grape is known for its tolerance to cooler temperatures, which is advantageous in the varied topography of Buenos Aires. It thrives in well-drained soils, benefiting from the sandy and alluvial compositions found in the region. The climatic conditions allow for the gradual ripening of Cabernet Franc, ensuring the development of its complex structure.
  4. Cabernet Sauvignon: A globally renowned grape, Cabernet Sauvignon, has adapted well to the climatic conditions of Buenos Aires. It demands a warm climate for optimal ripening, which is met by the subregion's sunny days. The grape's thick skin is an asset in the fluctuating temperatures, protecting it from the variations between day and night. Cabernet Sauvignon benefits from the region's well-drained soils, requiring consistent but not excessive moisture to avoid diluting its flavors.
  5. Petit Verdot: Often used as a blending grape, Petit Verdot has shown promise as a standalone variety in Buenos Aires due to its late ripening. This grape variety requires more heat and a longer growing season to fully mature, making the warm and sunny climate of Buenos Aires ideal. Petit Verdot is suited to the well-drained, sandy soils of the region, which help in regulating water availability and promoting healthy growth.
  6. Chardonnay: Although the region is predominantly known for its red wines, Chardonnay has made a name for itself in Buenos Aires. This white grape variety benefits from the cool nights of the subregion, which help maintain its acidity and freshness. Chardonnay requires well-drained soils and moderate water, aligning with the agricultural practices of Buenos Aires. The grape's adaptability to different vinification techniques is well-supported by the climatic conditions of the area.
  7. Sauvignon Blanc: Another white grape variety that thrives in Buenos Aires, Sauvignon Blanc, prefers cooler climates, which helps in preserving its aromatic profile. The grape requires well-drained soils and benefits from the breezy conditions that reduce the risk of vine diseases. The climatic diversity of Buenos Aires, with its combination of warm days and cool nights, ensures the balance of acidity and flavor intensity in Sauvignon Blanc.

Each of these grape varieties contributes to the rich tapestry of wines produced in the Buenos Aires subregion, underpinned by the area's unique climatic and geographical characteristics. The success of these grapes is a testament to the region's evolving viticulture, which continues to explore and optimize the potential of its terroir.

The Buenos Aires wine subregion, nestled within the larger Patagonia and Atlantic area of Argentina, has begun to distinguish itself as a producer of distinctive and high-quality wines. This region leverages its unique climatic and geographical advantages to cultivate wines that express a unique identity, characterized by their aromatic complexity and flavor profiles. Below, we explore the most common wines produced in this subregion, focusing specifically on their aromatic and flavor characteristics.

  1. Malbec: The Malbec wines from Buenos Aires are renowned for their deep violet color and intense, fruity aromas. They often exhibit a rich bouquet of blackberry, plum, and black cherry, complemented by subtle notes of vanilla and chocolate, a result of oak aging. On the palate, tis red wine is full-bodied with a velvety texture, showcasing a balance between fruit flavors and tannins.
  2. Bonarda: Buenos Aires' Bonarda wines are celebrated for their bright, ruby red color and vibrant aromas. They typically feature a lively aromatic profile of fresh red fruits like raspberry, cherry, and plum, with hints of floral and earthy notes. Flavor-wise, Bonarda wines are medium-bodied, with a slightly spicy undertone and a smooth finish that makes it highly approachable.
  3. Cabernet Franc: The region's Cabernet Franc wines are noted for their aromatic complexity, displaying a spectrum of scents from red fruit, red currant, and strawberry to green pepper, with a touch of graphite and herbal nuances. These red wines are medium to full-bodied, offering a savory flavor profile with well-integrated tannins and a persistent, elegant finish.
  4. Cabernet Sauvignon: In Buenos Aires, Cabernet Sauvignon wines are distinguished by their aromatic depth, featuring black currant, black cherry, and spices, alongside more subtle notes of tobacco and green bell pepper. On the palate, they are powerful and structured, with a rich texture, firm tannins, and a long, lingering finish.
  5. Petit Verdot: Petit Verdot from this subregion is known for its intense color and bold aromatic profile, with aromas of dark fruits like blackberry and blueberry, accompanied by floral (violet) and spicy (licorice) hints. These wines are full-bodied, with a robust structure, high tannins, and a flavor profile that mirrors their aromatic complexity, leading to a lengthy, satisfying finish.
  6. Chardonnay: The Chardonnay wines of Buenos Aires express a refreshing bouquet of citrus fruits, green apple, and pear, with nuances of vanilla and butter due to oak aging. They are medium to full-bodied, with a creamy texture and a balanced acidity that highlights their fruitiness and provides a long, clean finish.
  7. Sauvignon Blanc: These white wines are characterized by their crisp and aromatic profile, with dominant notes of grapefruit, lime, and tropical fruits, along with herbal undertones that add freshness and complexity. On the palate, this white wine is light to medium-bodied, with vibrant acidity and a sharp, refreshing finish.

Each of these wines reflects the unique terroir and winemaking philosophy of the Buenos Aires wine subregion, offering a diverse palette of flavors and aromas that cater to a wide range of preferences and occasions. So, join one of the many wine tastings in Buenos Aires to try some of the most unique wines from the Patagonia and Atlantic region.