Patagonia and Atlantic Region

Patagonia and Atlantic Region

36° 37’ S


57° 39’ W




about this region

The Patagonia & Atlantic Region, nestled in the central and southern parts of Argentina, spans across the provinces of La Pampa, Buenos Aires, Neuquén, Rio Negro, and Chubut. Despite its relatively modest size, covering only 9,355.40 hectares and representing just 1.95% of the nation's total wine-growing area, this region stands out in the Argentine viticulture landscape. Its contribution to the wine industry, though not vast in acreage compared to the prolific Cuyo region, is significant in terms of the quality and distinctiveness of its wines.

The unique terroir of the Patagonia & Atlantic Region, characterized by its varied climates ranging from the cooler, arid conditions of the south to the more temperate climates of the north, coupled with diverse soil types, provides an ideal environment for growing a variety of grape vines. This geographical and climatic diversity allows for the cultivation of grapes that produce wines noted for their elegance, complexity, and finesse. The cooler climate, in particular, contributes to a slower maturation process, enabling the grapes to develop a balanced acidity and concentrated flavors that are reflective of the region's distinct character.

Expert winemakers in the region leverage these natural advantages, employing both traditional and innovative viticultural techniques to craft wines that are increasingly recognized on both national and international stages. The focus on quality over quantity has led to the production of exceptional wines that are capable of competing with the best from more established wine regions around the world.

As the Patagonia & Atlantic Region continues to evolve and gain prominence in the wine industry, it is poised to become a key player in the world of winemaking. With a commitment to excellence and an unyielding passion for the craft, the winemakers of this region are making a mark with wines that showcase the unique terroir of Argentina's south. The Patagonia & Atlantic Region, with its distinct combination of climate, soil, and skilled winemaking, exemplifies the potential for producing world-class wines from areas previously untapped or underestimated in the global wine community. As recognition for its wines grows, this region stands as a testament to the quality and potential that lie within Argentina's diverse landscapes, proving that even the smallest wine regions can make a significant impact on the world stage


No items found.
vinerra illustration

Vineyard Hectares




growing degree days

Discover Terroir

The Patagonia and Atlantic wine region of Argentina sprawls across a vast and diverse expanse, spanning five provinces and offering a tapestry of landscapes that captivate the senses. Encompassing a journey from the central to southern reaches of the country, this dynamic wine-producing area showcases an incredible array of terrain and climatic conditions that contribute to its unique viticultural character.

To the east, in the provinces of Buenos Aires and La Pampa, the landscape unfolds into expansive plains and fertile valleys. Here, vineyards thrive amidst a panorama of rolling hills and meandering rivers, creating a picturesque setting that speaks to the heart of agricultural abundance. The gentle undulations of the land offer an ideal canvas for grape cultivation, with fertile soils and a temperate climate nurturing vines to produce wines of exceptional quality and distinction.

As one ventures southward, the landscape undergoes a dramatic transformation, evolving into the rugged and awe-inspiring terrain of Neuquén, Río Negro, and Chubut provinces. Here, the imposing presence of the Andes Mountains dominates the western horizon, casting a shadow over sprawling vineyards nestled within the valleys and foothills. Against the backdrop of snow-capped peaks and the vast expanse of the Patagonian steppe, vineyards stand as resilient oases, their presence a testament to the ingenuity and determination of those who cultivate the land.

In the southernmost reaches, where the provinces of Río Negro and Chubut meet the Atlantic Ocean, a different landscape unfolds—one of coastal beauty and maritime influence. Here, vineyards stretch towards the shimmering waters, their proximity to the ocean imparting a cool and refreshing microclimate that shapes the character of the wines produced. The interplay of oceanic currents and coastal breezes infuse the grapes with a distinctive flavor profile, yielding wines that reflect the essence of their terroir with every sip.

Overall, the Patagonia and Atlantic wine region of Argentina is a mosaic of diverse landscapes and breathtaking national parks, where vineyards weave seamlessly into the fabric of mountains, plains, and coastline. From the fertile valleys of Buenos Aires to the rugged beauty of Neuquén and Río Negro, each corner of this vibrant wine-producing area offers a glimpse into the rich tapestry of Argentina's winemaking heritage—a testament to the beauty of nature and the artistry of those who tend to its bounty.

The Patagonia and Atlantic wine region in Argentina stands as a testament to the remarkable interplay between geography and climate in shaping the character of its wines. Situated amidst the breathtaking backdrop of the Andes Mountains, this region experiences a cool, dry climate that is distinctive and unique within the context of Argentine winemaking. The influence of the Andes Mountains looms large over the landscape, casting a protective shadow that shields the vineyards from extreme weather conditions and moderates temperatures throughout the growing season.

This climatic blessing presents an ideal environment for the cultivation of Pinot Noir grapes, which thrive under the region's cool conditions. Known for their delicate flavors and nuanced aromatics, Pinot Noir grapes are prized for their ability to produce exceptional sparkling wines that exude elegance and finesse. The cool, dry climate of the Patagonia and Atlantic wine region provides the perfect canvas for these grapes to express themselves fully, resulting in sparkling wines of unparalleled quality and sophistication.

Furthermore, the region's unique weather patterns, characterized by lower temperatures and reduced rainfall compared to other Argentine wine regions, play a crucial role in shaping the flavor profile and quality of the wines produced here. The cooler temperatures slow down the ripening process of the grapes, allowing for a longer hang time on the vine and greater development of complex flavors and aromas. Additionally, the limited rainfall ensures that the grapes are not overly saturated with water, which can dilute their flavors and diminish their quality.

As a result, wines from the Patagonia and Atlantic wine region are celebrated for their distinctiveness and character, reflecting the unique terroir of the area. From the crisp, refreshing acidity of sparkling Pinot Noir wines to the rich, expressive flavors of still reds and whites, each bottle tells a story of the land and the people who nurture it. With its cool, dry climate and proximity to the majestic Andes Mountains, this region continues to captivate wine enthusiasts around the world with its exceptional wines and unparalleled beauty.

The Patagonia and Atlantic wine region in Argentina, with its breathtaking landscapes and varied microclimates, is notably shaped by its distinctive soils, which play a critical role in defining the terroir of its vineyards. This region's vineyard soils range from calcareous to saline, each contributing unique traits to the wines produced, thereby influencing their flavor profiles, aromas, and overall character.

  1. Calcareous Soils: Calcareous soils in the Patagonia and Atlantic wine region are rich in calcium carbonate, offering a unique mineral quality to the wines. These soils boast excellent drainage and water retention capabilities, fostering optimal vine growth. The presence of calcium carbonate aids in maintaining soil pH balance, encouraging healthy vine development and allowing the terroir to shine through in the wines. Wines from calcareous soils are marked by their minerality and freshness, exhibiting vibrant acidity and complex flavors that mirror the distinctive traits of their origin.
  2. Saline Soils with Low Fertility: Parts of this wine region are characterized by saline soils with inherently low fertility. These soils present a set of challenges for cultivation due to their high salt content and limited nutrient availability. However, vines have adapted remarkably well to these conditions, yielding wines with unique saline and savory notes. The struggle of vines in nutrient-poor soils leads to deeper root systems and, consequently, grapes with concentrated flavors and rich aromatics. Despite their initial disadvantages, these saline soils contribute significantly to the terroir, enhancing the diversity and depth of the region's wines.

The diverse soil types of the Patagonia and Atlantic wine region play a fundamental role in shaping the character and quality of its wines. From the mineral-rich calcareous soils to the challenging yet character-building saline soils, each contributes a distinct set of characteristics that are expressed in the wines produced.These soils, coupled with the region's varied microclimates, ensures that wines from the Patagonia and Atlantic wine region are as unique and multifaceted as the landscape itself. The interplay between soil, climate, and winemaking tradition in this region underscores the importance of terroir in the creation of wines with distinct identity and depth, reflecting the essence of their origin.


The Patagonia and Atlantic wine region, a unique viticultural area, marks an intriguing chapter in the world of winemaking. Nestled in a geographical setting that blends the rugged terrains of Patagonia with the breezy, maritime influences of the Atlantic coast, this region offers a remarkable canvas for viticulture. Its diverse climate and soil conditions present a distinct opportunity for cultivating a variety of grape types. Among these, Malbec, Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, and Sauvignon Blanc stand out, each adapting uniquely to this region's specific environmental conditions.

  1. Malbec: In the Patagonia and Atlantic wine region, Malbec thrives under the dry, cool conditions that characterize this area. The grape benefits from the significant temperature variation between day and night, which is essential for developing its complexity and color intensity. Malbec requires well-drained soils, found abundantly in Patagonia, where the combination of sandy and alluvial soil types contributes to the grape's robust growth. Its adaptability to the cooler climates of this region allows for an extended ripening period, crucial for achieving the desired balance of acidity and sugar levels.
  2. Merlot: Merlot finds a surprisingly congenial home in the Patagonia and Atlantic region. This grape variety demands a balance between warmth and coolness, which is perfectly provided by the coastal breezes and the moderated sunlight exposure of this area. The soils, rich in minerals and with good drainage, accommodate Merlot's sensitivity to water stress and its preference for consistent moisture levels without waterlogging. The climatic conditions of the region, with its mild temperatures, ensure a slow and steady ripening process, essential for Merlot to develop its full potential.
  3. Cabernet Sauvignon: Cabernet Sauvignon in the Patagonia and Atlantic wine region benefits from the well-ventilated vineyards, which reduce the risk of fungal diseases, to which this grape can be prone. The grape's preference for warmer days is met during the region's long, sunny periods, while the cool nights help maintain the grape's acidity, a key factor in its structure. The grape thrives in the deep, gravelly soils prevalent in parts of Patagonia, which provide excellent drainage and encourage the vines to root deeply, contributing to the complexity and vigor of the grape.
  4. Chardonnay: Chardonnay in this unique wine region enjoys the cooler aspects of the climate, which are instrumental in preserving its acidity and freshness. The grape's versatility allows it to adapt to a range of soil types, from limestone to clay and sandy soils, all present within the region. The maritime influence of the Atlantic provides a stabilizing effect on the temperature, avoiding extreme heat and fostering a gradual ripening process. This slow maturation is crucial for developing the grape's nuanced characteristics without losing its essential acidity.
  5. Sauvignon Blanc: Sauvignon Blanc is particularly well-suited to the cooler, more humid areas of the Patagonia and Atlantic region. The grape benefits from the morning mists and the cool breezes off the Atlantic, which help to maintain its characteristic acidity and freshness. Sauvignon Blanc prefers well-drained soils with high fertility, conditions that are found in the river valleys and coastal areas of the region. The climatic conditions allow for an extended growing season, giving the grape ample time to develop its full aromatic potential while retaining its vibrant acidity.

The Patagonia and Atlantic wine region, with its unique combination of climatic and soil conditions, presents an ideal environment for the cultivation of a diverse range of grape varieties. Malbec, Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, and Sauvignon Blanc each find a distinct expression in this area, shaped by the specific agricultural and climatic requirements of the region. The success of these grape varieties in the Patagonia and Atlantic region underscores the importance of understanding and adapting to local environmental conditions in the production of quality wines. This region's ability to nurture such a variety of grapes attests to its potential and versatility as a wine-producing area, promising exciting prospects for the future of viticulture in this part of the world.

The Patagonia and Atlantic wine region, a distinctive and emerging wine-producing area in Argentina, stretches from the cooler southern reaches of Patagonia to the breezy, maritime influences of the Atlantic coast. This vast and varied terrain offers a unique terroir that is increasingly recognized for its quality and diversity in wine production. Among the varieties that thrive here, Malbec, Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, and Sauvignon Blanc stand out for their distinct characteristics, shaped by the region's unique climate and soil conditions. This write-up delves into the aromatic and flavor profiles of these wines, showcasing the richness and complexity that the Patagonia and Atlantic wine region brings to the world of viticulture.

  1. Malbec: Malbec, Argentina's flagship variety, finds a unique expression in the Patagonia and Atlantic region. The cooler climate contributes to a wine with a more structured acidity and a deeper color than its counterparts from warmer areas. Aromatically, Patagonian Malbecs often exhibit a mix of ripe black fruits like plums and blackberries, complemented by subtle floral notes of violets. The cooler temperatures of the region also lend a freshness to its flavor profile, with a hint of minerality and sometimes a touch of graphite, enhancing the complexity of the wine. On the palate, these Malbecs are robust and full-bodied, with a silky texture and a lingering finish, where the fruit flavors are balanced by nuances of oak and a delicate spiciness.
  2. Merlot: Merlot in this region benefits from the cool nights and warm days, allowing the grapes to mature slowly and develop a full spectrum of flavors. The Merlots from Patagonia and the Atlantic coast often present a more elegant and softer profile compared to those from hotter regions. Aromatically, they are characterized by red fruits like cherries and raspberries, with a hint of green bell pepper and sometimes chocolate or vanilla from oak aging. The flavor profile of these Merlots is smooth and velvety, with medium tannins and a balanced acidity that makes them quite approachable and versatile with food pairings.
  3. Cabernet Sauvignon: The Cabernet Sauvignon of the Patagonia and Atlantic wine region expresses a distinct character, influenced by the cooler climate and oceanic breezes. These conditions result in a wine that is intensely aromatic, featuring a bouquet of blackcurrant, black cherry, and sometimes green bell pepper, along with earthy undertones and a hint of mint. On the palate, the wine is powerful yet refined, with a firm structure and layers of complexity. The tannins are pronounced but well-integrated, leading to a persistent finish that echoes the aromatic complexity with added notes of spice and tobacco from careful aging in oak.
  4. Chardonnay: The Chardonnays from this region are notable for their freshness and mineral-driven profiles, thanks to the influence of the cool climate and unique soil compositions. Aromatically, these wines can range from crisp green apple and citrus notes to more ripe tropical fruits like pineapple and peach, depending on the microclimate and vinification techniques. The use of oak is judicious, adding complexity with whispers of vanilla and toast without overshadowing the fruit's purity. On the palate, the wine exhibits a lively acidity and a creamy texture, with a mineral streak that leads to a clean, refreshing finish.
  5. Sauvignon Blanc: Sauvignon Blanc thrives in the Patagonia and Atlantic region, producing wines that are vibrant and aromatic, with a marked acidity that reflects the cool growing conditions. The aromatic profile is intense and varied, featuring a range of notes from fresh grass and green bell pepper to passion fruit and grapefruit. The influence of the sea can sometimes add a saline touch, making these wines particularly intriguing. On the palate, they are crisp and refreshing, with a zesty acidity that makes them an excellent companion to seafood and a wide variety of cuisines.

The Patagonia and Atlantic wine region offers a captivating array of wines, each with its own unique profile shaped by the region's diverse climate and terroir. From the robust and complex Malbec to the crisp and aromatic Sauvignon Blanc, these wines exemplify the quality and potential of this emerging wine-producing area. As the region continues to evolve and gain recognition, wine enthusiasts around the world will undoubtedly seek out these distinctive wines, drawn by their quality, complexity, and the unique stories they tell of their origin.


337 m


247 mm


The most common soils are calcareous soils and saline soils with low fertility.

top varietal

Malbec and Chardonnay

History of wine

The winemaking heritage of the Patagonia and Atlantic wine region traces its roots back to the early 1920s, when the first vineyards were planted in the Rio Negro Valley, marking the beginning of a journey towards viticultural excellence. However, it wasn't until the 1930s that winemaking activity truly gained momentum in the region, driven by the pressing need to address water scarcity challenges. As winemakers grappled with the harsh realities of the arid climate, efforts were intensified to explore innovative irrigation techniques to sustain vineyard growth and grape production.

By the 1950s, significant strides were made in promoting irrigation infrastructure, laying the foundation for the expansion and diversification of viticulture in the Patagonia and Atlantic wine region. With improved access to water resources, vineyard cultivation flourished, and winemakers began to explore new grape varieties and winemaking techniques to harness the full potential of the region's terroir.

The 17th century marked a pivotal turning point in the region's winemaking history, as viticulture spread beyond the Rio Negro Valley to provinces such as Buenos Aires and La Pampa. This expansion further enriched the winemaking landscape, introducing a diverse array of grape varietals and contributing to the region's reputation as a burgeoning wine-producing area.

In 2007, the development of viticulture in Chapadmalal gained significant momentum, bolstering the region's reputation as a premier destination for winemaking. The favorable climatic conditions and fertile soils of Chapadmalal provided an ideal environment for vineyard cultivation, attracting investment and expertise from winemakers eager to capitalize on the region's potential.

In 2014, Balcarce received Geographical Indication (GI) status, a testament to the region's growing prominence and contribution to Argentina's winemaking heritage. This designation recognized Balcarce's unique terroir and the exceptional quality of wines produced in the region, further solidifying its position as a distinguished wine-producing area within the Patagonia and Atlantic wine region.

As the region continues to evolve and innovate, its rich winemaking history serves as a testament to the resilience, passion, and ingenuity of its people. From humble beginnings to global acclaim, the journey of the Patagonia and Atlantic wine region is a testament to the enduring legacy of Argentina's winemaking heritage.