33° 39' S


149° 06’ E




about this subregion

The Orange sub-region, nestled in the picturesque New South Wales wine country of Australia, is a burgeoning wine region renowned for its unique terroir and exceptional grape varieties. Situated at a higher altitude than many Australian wine regions, Orange enjoys a cooler climate, characterized by crisp winters and warm summers. This climate, coupled with the region's volcanic soils, creates an ideal environment for producing distinctive and elegant wines.

Among the notable grape varieties cultivated in the Orange sub-region, Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, and Sauvignon Blanc stand out as the stars of the vineyards. Of these, Shiraz takes center stage, yielding robust and deeply flavored red wines with a characteristic spiciness.

The white wines from Orange are equally impressive. Chardonnay is prominent, resulting in rich, full-bodied wines with a balanced acidity, often displaying notes of citrus and stone fruits. Sauvignon Blanc, celebrated for its zesty and refreshing qualities, flourishes in the cooler conditions, offering crisp and vibrant expressions.

In the Orange sub-region, wine enthusiasts can indulge in a delightful array of wines, each reflecting the region's unique climatic influences and terroir. Whether you're savoring a bold Shiraz, a luscious Chardonnay, or a zesty Sauvignon Blanc, the wines of Orange are sure to captivate your palate with their exceptional character and distinct sense of place.


vinerra illustration

Vineyard Hectares



1600 - 1900


Discover Terroir

The Orange wine subregion, nestled within the New South Wales wine region, is a picturesque area situated to the west of Sydney. This region is celebrated not only for its viticultural prowess but also for its breathtaking landscape. The terrain here is dramatically influenced by the presence of Mount Canobolas, adding a rugged backdrop to the lush vineyards that carpet the rolling hills. The area's high altitude, with vineyards planted at elevations ranging from 600 to 1100 meters, contributes to its cool climate, a key factor in the distinct character of Orange wines.

The landscape of Orange is diverse, featuring a mix of ancient volcanic soils that have proven to be exceptionally fertile for grape growing. These soils, combined with the region's unique climate, create an ideal environment for viticulture, allowing for the production of wines with remarkable depth and complexity. The natural beauty of the area is enhanced by its seasonal changes, with vivid colors in autumn and a verdant explosion in spring, making it a visually stunning destination year-round.

Vineyards in Orange are often set against a backdrop of expansive, panoramic views that include not just Mount Canobolas but also the surrounding countryside, which is dotted with charming farms, orchards, and historical towns. The region's natural beauty, characterized by its undulating terrain, clear blue skies, and the occasional snow-capped peaks in winter, adds a serene and majestic ambiance to the wine-growing area. This picturesque setting, combined with the high-quality wines produced, makes Orange a unique and compelling destination for wine lovers and nature enthusiasts alike.

The Orange wine region, nestled to the west of Sydney in New South Wales, boasts a climate that stands out for its cool temperatures, playing a pivotal role in shaping the distinctiveness of its wines. Spanning a broad spectrum of elevations, from 376 to 1390 meters above sea level, the region's topography significantly influences its microclimates. This diverse range in altitude serves as a cornerstone in defining the region's climate dynamics.

Throughout the growing season, the fluctuation in elevation manifests in mild to warm daytime temperatures, complemented by refreshingly cool nights. This diurnal temperature variation, a hallmark of Orange's climate, fosters the gradual and balanced ripening of grapes—a critical process in nurturing the rich flavors and captivating aromas that characterize Orange wines.

Embraced within its cool climate designation, Orange experiences a seasonal cycle marked by warm summer days gently giving way to crisp, chilly evenings. Winters arrive with a touch of frost, occasionally sprinkling the landscape with delicate snowflakes. These climatic nuances, intertwined with the unique terroir of the region, provide an ideal environment for cultivating an array of grape varieties and crafting a spectrum of wine styles.

Officially recognized as a Geographical Indicator (GI), the Orange region distinguishes itself from the broader Central Ranges Zone with its delineation starting at the 600-meter mark. This delineation not only emphasizes the region's altitude-driven climate but also plays a pivotal role in shaping the distinctive characteristics of its wines. It serves as a testament to the region's commitment to quality and authenticity, encapsulating the essence of Orange's winemaking identity.

Nestled within the captivating landscape of New South Wales, Australia, the Orange wine region is renowned for its exceptional terroir, characterized by the rich volcanic soils originating from the dormant Mount Canobolas.

These soils, shaped over millennia by the geological upheavals of this extinct volcano, form the bedrock of viticulture in the region. Their diversity reflects the complex history of volcanic activity, offering a nutrient-rich canvas for grape cultivation. Laden with minerals such as potassium, phosphorus, and magnesium, these soils provide a nourishing environment for vine growth, fostering the development of grapes imbued with distinctive flavors and complexity.

The influence of these volcanic soils on wine quality is profound. They impart a unique mineral profile to the grapes, resulting in wines celebrated for their purity, balanced acidity, and pronounced minerality. With each sip, one can discern the essence of the land, a testament to the terroir's influence on the final product.

Furthermore, the sustainability of viticulture in the Orange wine region is underpinned by the natural fertility of these soils. Reduced reliance on synthetic fertilizers and chemicals not only promotes environmental stewardship but also preserves the integrity of the terroir. In cultivating a harmonious relationship with the land, winemakers ensure the longevity and vitality of grape cultivation in the region.


The Orange wine subregion of New South Wales is distinguished by its unique terroir, characterized by high altitude and a cool climate. This environment plays a crucial role in the growth and development of grape varieties, each with its own agricultural and climatic requirements. The most common grapes of the Orange wine subregion include Chardonnay, Shiraz, Sauvignon Blanc, and Cabernet Sauvignon. Below is an exploration of each grape's agricultural and climatic needs:

  1. Chardonnay: Thriving in the cool climate of the Orange wine subregion, Chardonnay benefits significantly from the region's high elevation. The temperature variations between day and night are ideal for Chardonnay, promoting slow ripening that is crucial for the development of complexity in the grapes. The volcanic basalt soils of the area, enriched by Mount Canobolas, provide excellent drainage and contribute to the vigorous growth of this white wine grape variety. Chardonnay vines in Orange require careful management to balance growth and fruit concentration, with canopy management techniques often employed to protect the grapes from excessive sun exposure while ensuring adequate airflow around the bunches.
  2. Shiraz: Shiraz is well-suited to Orange's cooler climate, where the variety can ripen slowly, developing a balance between acidity and sugar levels without losing essential phenolics. The region's soil, a mix of volcanic basalt and loam, provides a good structure for Shiraz vines, offering both fertility and drainage. Shiraz vines in Orange are often grown on slopes to maximize sun exposure and air circulation, reducing the risk of diseases. The altitude plays a significant role in tempering the heat, especially during the critical ripening period, which helps in maintaining this red wine grape natural acidity and structure.
  3. Sauvignon Blanc: This white wine grape variety excels in the higher altitudes of the Orange wine subregion, where the cooler temperatures and significant diurnal temperature range enhance the development of its distinct varietal characteristics. Sauvignon Blanc vines are particularly sensitive to the vineyard's microclimate, requiring well-drained soils to prevent root diseases and ensure healthy growth. The region's volcanic basalt soils, combined with its cool climate, provide an environment that stresses the vines just enough to produce intensely flavored grapes. Irrigation is carefully managed to ensure vines receive sufficient water without promoting excessive vegetative growth, which could dilute the grapes' flavors.
  4. Cabernet Sauvignon: The cool climate of the Orange wine subregion is on the edge of what Cabernet Sauvignon requires for optimal ripening, making vineyard site selection critical. Cabernet Sauvignon vines demand well-drained soils to encourage deep root systems and moderate vine vigor. The region's unique soil composition, including deep red-brown clay loam and basalt, offers the necessary drainage and mineral content for this variety. The altitude and associated cooler temperatures extend the growing season, allowing Cabernet Sauvignon grapes to mature slowly and develop complex tannin structures while retaining sufficient acidity. This red wine grape variety benefits from the region's occasional late-winter frosts and cool nights, which can help to concentrate flavors in the grapes.

Each grape variety in the Orange wine subregion of New South Wales is adeptly matched to its climatic and agricultural conditions, contributing to the distinctive character and quality of wines produced in this region.

The Orange wine subregion of New South Wales is renowned for its distinctive wines, which are celebrated for their aromatic complexity and flavor profiles. The unique terroir, characterized by high altitude and cool climate conditions, contributes significantly to the nuanced expressions of the wines produced here. Among the most common wines from this region are Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Shiraz, and Cabernet Sauvignon. Each wine variety showcases a unique sensory experience, rooted in the region's diverse climatic and geological conditions.

  1. Chardonnay: Orange's Chardonnay is known for its crisp and elegant style, showcasing a spectrum of aromas from fresh citrus fruits to more nuanced tones of peach, melon, and a subtle hint of oak. On the palate, this white wine style often presents a harmonious balance between acidity and richness, with a mineral undertone that reflects the region's volcanic soils.
  2. Sauvignon Blanc: The Sauvignon Blanc from Orange is celebrated for its vibrant and refreshing profile. Aromatically, it leans towards intense notes of passionfruit, gooseberry, and fresh herbs, encapsulating the cool climate of the region. The flavor of this white wine is usually crisp and zesty, with a lively acidity that makes it exceptionally food-friendly.
  3. Shiraz: Shiraz from the Orange wine subregion diverges from the more robust red wine styles found elsewhere, offering a more refined and elegant interpretation. Aromatically, it features a blend of dark fruits like blackberry and plum, interwoven with hints of spice, pepper, and a touch of chocolate. The palate is medium-bodied, with silky tannins and a lingering finish that showcases the grape's cool climate expression.
  4. Cabernet Sauvignon: The Cabernet Sauvignon red wine of Orange IS known for ITS medium-bodied structure and complexity. The aromatic profile of this wine is rich with dark fruits such as cassis and blackcurrant, complemented by nuances of mint, tobacco, and cedar from careful oak aging. On the palate, these wines are structured yet balanced, with fine tannins and a depth of flavor that speaks to the region's unique terroir.

These wines from the Orange wine subregion not only reflect the distinct characteristics of their varietals but also the unique environmental conditions in which they are grown. The cool climate, high altitude, and volcanic soils of Orange contribute to the production of wines with remarkable aromatic intensity and flavor depth, making them highly sought after by connoisseurs and casual drinkers alike.