New South Wales

New South Wales

25° 44' 5" S


134° 29' 22" E




about this region

New South Wales is Australia's second-largest wine-producing region. Located on Australia's stunning east coast, the New South Wales wine country boasts a diverse array of wine sub-regions and a significant presence in the Australian wine industry. With 14 sub-regions bordering Queensland, South Australia, and Victoria, New South Wales is the second-largest wine-producing region in Australia, boasting a total of 29,000 hectares of vineyards.

Among the many New South Wales wine regions, the Hunter Valley stands out as the most important, with 6,437 hectares dedicated to wine-growing. The Hunter Valley is known for its distinctively dry and warm climate, and its Shiraz and Semillon grape varieties are particularly notable. But the New South Wales wine industry's impact extends far beyond the Hunter Valley. Regions like the Southern Highlands or Canberra Distric are also key players for New South Wales wine industry.

An interesting fact is that New South Wales is responsible for two-thirds of Australia's total wine-growing area, with an annual production volume of 492 million bottles. The industry also generates a staggering $14 billion in revenue annually, making it a major contributor to the Australian economy. With its rich variety of sub-regions and diverse grape varieties, New South Wales is a key player in the global wine market. If you happen to visit this region on your next trip to Australia, then we recommend that you sign up for some of the wine tasting experiences that are organized throughout the region.



Vineyard Hectares




growing degree days

Discover Terroir

Located on the east coast of Australia, the New South Wales wine region borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south and Souh Australia to the west.

With a continental climate, the region experiences warm days and cool nights, lending the grapes higher natural acidity and the wines a unique character.

The region boasts a wide variety of soils, with the higher lands predominantly featuring terra rossa soil, while the Southern lands showcase soils originating from basalt. The diverse soil composition of the region is believed to contribute significantly to the quality and diversity of the wines produced there.


Nestled in the heart of Australia, the New South Wales wine region boasts a rich tapestry of grape varieties, each thriving in its unique terroir. From the robust Shiraz to the elegant Chardonnay, these grapes flourish under the region's diverse climatic conditions, contributing to the production of exceptional wines.

  1. Shiraz: Shiraz, also known as Syrah in some parts of the world, is one of the most prominent grape varieties cultivated in the New South Wales wine region. This grape thrives in a variety of soil types, ranging from sandy loam to clay, and requires ample sunlight and warm temperatures to ripen fully. While it can adapt to various climates, Shiraz tends to excel in regions with hot, dry summers and mild winters, such as those found in parts of New South Wales.
  2. Cabernet Sauvignon: Cabernet Sauvignon, revered for its bold flavors and structured tannins, is well-suited to the terroir of New South Wales. This grape variety flourishes in well-drained soils, such as gravelly loams or sandy loams, and benefits from ample sunlight and moderate temperatures throughout the growing season. While it can tolerate warmer climates, Cabernet Sauvignon thrives in regions with a maritime influence, where cooler temperatures help to retain its acidity and balance.
  3. Merlot:Merlot, prized for its soft, velvety texture and luscious fruit flavors, is another grape variety that finds success in the New South Wales wine region. This versatile grape adapts well to various soil types, including clay and loam, and requires moderate temperatures and consistent moisture levels to thrive. While it can withstand warmer climates, Merlot tends to produce the best results in regions with a slightly cooler climate, where it can achieve optimal ripeness without losing its acidity.
  4. Chardonnay:Chardonnay, celebrated for its versatility and ability to reflect its terroir, is a staple in the New South Wales wine region. This grape variety prefers well-drained soils, such as sandy loams or limestone-rich soils, and thrives in regions with a mild climate and ample sunlight. While it can adapt to various climates, Chardonnay excels in cooler regions, where slower ripening allows for the development of complex flavors and balanced acidity.

In conclusion, the New South Wales wine region offers an ideal environment for cultivating a diverse range of grape varieties, each contributing its unique characteristics to the region's winemaking landscape. From the bold Shiraz to the elegant Chardonnay, these grapes thrive under the region's diverse climatic conditions, resulting in wines of exceptional quality and complexity.

Nestled in the southeastern corner of Australia, New South Wales is renowned for its diverse and flourishing wine regions. From the sun-drenched slopes of Hunter Valley to the cool-climate vineyards of Orange, this state boasts a rich tapestry of terroirs, each contributing to the production of exceptional wines. Among the plethora of varietals cultivated in New South Wales, Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, and Chardonnay stand out as some of the most emblematic and widely appreciated offerings. Let's delve into the aromatic and flavor profiles that make these wines so distinctive and beloved.

  1. Shiraz: Shiraz, also known as Syrah in many parts of the world, is one of Australia's flagship red wine varietals. New South Wales, particularly regions like Hunter Valley and the expansive vineyards of Mudgee, produces outstanding expressions of this grape. Shiraz wines from this region often exhibit bold and intense aromas of ripe black fruits such as blackberry and plum, intertwined with nuances of pepper, licorice, and sometimes hints of eucalyptus. On the palate, New South Wales Shiraz delivers a powerful punch of fruit flavors, complemented by robust tannins and a touch of spice. The finish is often long and lingering, leaving a satisfying impression of richness and complexity.
  2. Cabernet Sauvignon: Cabernet Sauvignon thrives in the diverse microclimates of New South Wales, particularly in regions like Coonawarra and the prestigious Margaret River. The wines crafted from this noble grape variety often showcase enticing aromas of blackcurrant, cassis, and hints of cedar or tobacco leaf. In New South Wales, Cabernet Sauvignon tends to be full-bodied with firm tannins, offering a structured and well-balanced palate. Alongside the prominent dark fruit flavors, nuances of herbs, earth, and a touch of oak contribute to the wine's complexity. With age, these wines develop further, displaying greater depth and elegance.
  3. Merlot: Merlot, celebrated for its plush texture and approachable character, finds an excellent home in New South Wales, particularly in regions like Orange and the Riverina. New South Wales Merlot wines are characterized by inviting aromas of ripe red berries, plums, and hints of floral notes such as violet. Compared to its Bordeaux counterpart, New South Wales Merlot often exhibits riper fruit flavors and softer tannins, making it more approachable in its youth. On the palate, these wines are medium-bodied with a velvety texture, offering flavors of cherry, raspberry, and subtle undertones of chocolate or mocha. The finish is smooth and supple, making New South Wales Merlot a delightful choice for casual enjoyment.
  4. Chardonnay: Chardonnay, the queen of white grapes, thrives in various terroirs across New South Wales, from the cooler climates of Tumbarumba to the sun-drenched vineyards of the Hunter Valley. New South Wales Chardonnay wines exhibit a diverse range of styles, from crisp and minerally to opulent and buttery. Aromas of ripe stone fruits such as peach and nectarine are often interwoven with notes of citrus, vanilla, and subtle oak. On the palate, these wines offer a harmonious balance between fruitiness, acidity, and oak influence. Depending on the winemaking techniques employed, New South Wales Chardonnay can range from vibrant and refreshing to creamy and indulgent, catering to a wide array of preferences.


841 m


493 mm


Terra rossa and basaltic soils predominate

top varietal

Shiraz and Chardonnay

History of wine

The history of wine production in New South Wales is deeply intertwined with the story of Australia's early colonization. It traces back to the year 1788 when vines were first planted in Sydney Cove by the settlers, marking the humble beginnings of what would evolve into a flourishing wine industry. These initial plantings laid the groundwork for the cultivation of vineyards across the state, as settlers recognized the potential of the land for grape growing.

A pivotal moment in the history of New South Wales wine came in 1824 with the arrival of James Busby, a Scottish viticulturist often referred to as the "father of Australian wine." Busby was granted land in the Hunter Valley to study and cultivate grape varieties from across the globe. His pioneering work culminated in the publication of "A Manual of Plain Directions for Planting and Cultivating Vineyards and for Making Wine," which became an indispensable guide for winegrowers not only in New South Wales but also throughout Australia.

The international recognition of New South Wales wines gained momentum in 1855 when a sparkling wine from the region was showcased at the prestigious Exposition Universelle in Paris. This historic event catapulted New South Wales onto the global stage, affirming the quality and potential of its wines. The accolades received at the exposition underscored the dedication and expertise of New South Wales winemakers and helped elevate the reputation of the region within the international wine community.

In the modern era, the New South Wales Wine Industry Association, established in 1994, plays a pivotal role in shaping the trajectory of the state's wine industry. The association serves as a unified voice for wine producers and growers, advocating for their interests and facilitating collaboration within the industry. Through initiatives aimed at promoting New South Wales wines both domestically and abroad, the association has contributed significantly to the growth and prosperity of the state's wine industry.

Today, New South Wales stands as a beacon of excellence in Australian winemaking, boasting a diverse array of terroirs and grape varieties. From the cool-climate vineyards of Orange to the sun-kissed slopes of the Riverina, each region contributes its unique character to the tapestry of New South Wales wines. With a rich history dating back centuries and a commitment to innovation and quality, the wines of New South Wales continue to captivate palates around the world, cementing the state's reputation as a premier wine-producing region.