Upper Goulburn

Upper Goulburn

37° 03’ S


146° 04’ E




about this subregion

The Upper Goulburn wine subregion, situated in Victoria, Australia, boasts a unique environment conducive to grape cultivation. Nestled amidst the Goulburn River and the Great Dividing Range, its cool climate and diverse soils create ideal conditions for vineyards. Characterized by rolling hills and pristine landscapes, the region experiences warm summers and cool, crisp winters, fostering the growth of high-quality grapes.

Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling, and Chardonnay are the main grape varieties cultivated here. These grapes thrive in the subregion's terroir, with each variety expressing distinct characteristics reflective of the environment. Sauvignon Blanc tends to flourish in the cooler temperatures, producing vibrant wines with zesty acidity. Riesling, known for its aromatic profile, benefits from the region's cool climate, resulting in wines with intense floral and citrus notes. Chardonnay, a versatile grape, adapts well to the varying soils and temperatures, yielding wines ranging from crisp and mineral-driven to rich and creamy.

Overall, the Upper Goulburn wine subregion stands out as a premier destination for wine enthusiasts, offering a picturesque setting and a diverse range of wines crafted from its signature grape varieties.


vinerra illustration

Vineyard Hectares





Discover Terroir

Nestled between the Yarra Valley and the Strathbogie Ranges subregions, the Upper Goulburn wine subregion occupies a picturesque and diverse landscape within the broader Victoria wine region. Its captivating scenery is characterized by undulating hills, verdant valleys, and meandering waterways, creating a patchwork of vineyards that thrive in the varied terrain. The region is enveloped by the natural beauty of the Goulburn River, whose tranquil waters wind their way through the land, offering a serene backdrop for grape cultivation.

The rolling hillsides, adorned with rows of meticulously tended vines, showcase the agricultural bounty of the area. Interspersed among the vineyards are pockets of lush forests and open meadows, contributing to the rich tapestry of the landscape. The diverse topography of the Upper Goulburn subregion not only adds to its visual appeal but also plays a vital role in shaping the microclimates that influence grape growing and wine production.

Furthermore, the subregion's elevation and proximity to the Great Dividing Range contribute to its unique climatic conditions. Cool breezes descending from the nearby ranges provide relief from the summer heat, while crisp winter mornings ensure proper dormancy for the vines. These climatic nuances, combined with the varying soil types found throughout the area, contribute to the distinct terroir that is reflected in the wines produced here.

In essence, the Upper Goulburn wine subregion offers a captivating blend of natural beauty and agricultural abundance, making it a quintessential destination for both wine enthusiasts and nature lovers alike within the Victoria wine region.

The Upper Goulburn wine subregion stands out within Victoria's wine landscape for its notably cool climate, earning it the distinction of being one of the coldest wine regions in the state. This coolness is not happenstance but a result of several geographical factors. Its elevated and hilly topography plays a significant role, creating natural temperature differentials that are conducive to the cultivation of hardy, cool-climate grape varieties. Additionally, its proximity to Victoria's High Country further accentuates this cool climate, as it experiences influences from the alpine regions, contributing to cooler temperatures overall.

Throughout the winter and spring seasons, the region receives a substantial amount of rainfall, which replenishes the soil and provides essential moisture for vine growth. Although drip irrigation systems are commonly employed in vineyards during the drier summer months, the abundant winter and spring rains ensure that water availability is generally not a limiting factor. Surface dams, filled by seasonal rains, serve as reservoirs, ensuring a ready supply of water for irrigation needs.

This climatic setting facilitates a slow and extended ripening period for grapes, allowing them to develop complex flavors and aromas. The resulting wines exhibit notable depth and character, showcasing the unique terroir of the Upper Goulburn subregion. Moreover, the region's natural beauty adds to its allure, with snow-clad landscapes in the winter giving way to lush greenery in the warmer months. Picturesque rivers and lakes dot the landscape, further enhancing the aesthetic appeal of the region.

In summary, the Upper Goulburn wine subregion's cool climate and stunning natural surroundings contribute to its reputation as a producer of premium cool-climate wines, cementing its place as a significant contributor to Victoria's wine industry.

In the Upper Goulburn wine subregion, a diverse array of soils lays the foundation for grape cultivation. These soils encompass a spectrum from granitic and granodiorite compositions to sandstone, limestone, and dolomite formations.

  1. Granitic soils: Granitic soils dominate portions of the landscape, offering well-drained conditions ideal for viticulture. Characterized by their coarse texture and high mineral content, granitic soils contribute to the unique terroir of the region's wines.
  2. Granodiorite soils: Granodiorite soils, closely related to granite, are also prevalent in the Upper Goulburn subregion. With similar properties to granite, granodiorite soils provide good drainage and mineral-rich substrates, fostering grapevine growth and fruit quality.
  3. Sandstone soils: Sandstone soils add another dimension to the soil diversity of the area. Typically well-drained and nutrient-poor, sandstone soils challenge grapevines to develop deep root systems, resulting in concentrated flavors in the grapes.
  4. Limestone soils: This type of soil is prized in many wine-growing regions, and makes its mark in the Upper Goulburn subregion. These alkaline soils impart distinctive characteristics to the grapes, often contributing to wines with crisp acidity and minerality.
  5. Dolomite soils: Dolomite soils, similar to limestone but with higher magnesium content, offer a unique environment for grape cultivation. Known for their ability to retain moisture and regulate pH levels, dolomite soils play a crucial role in shaping the flavor profile of the region's wines.

The diverse range of soils in the Upper Goulburn wine subregion provides winemakers with a palette of flavors and textures to craft distinctive wines that reflect the terroir of the area. From the mineral-rich granitic and granodiorite soils to the nuanced influences of sandstone, limestone, and dolomite, each soil type contributes to the complexity and character of the wines produced in this dynamic winegrowing region.


The Upper Goulburn wine subregion, nestled within the broader Victorian wine region, is renowned for its diverse and vibrant viticulture, shaped by the unique terroir and cool climate of the area. This region is particularly celebrated for its cultivation of Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling, and Chardonnay grapes, each thriving under the specific climatic and agricultural conditions that Upper Goulburn provides.

  1. Sauvignon Blanc: Sauvignon Blanc, a grape variety that demands meticulous attention to its growing environment, flourishes in the cool climate of Upper Goulburn. This variety prefers well-drained soils and benefits from a location that offers both sunshine and protection from the harshest of the afternoon sun. The temperature fluctuations between day and night in this region are ideal for preserving the natural acidity of Sauvignon Blanc, contributing to the grape's vitality and vigor. Adequate water management is crucial, as the grape is sensitive to both drought and excessive moisture, necessitating a balanced approach to irrigation.
  2. Riesling: Riesling is another grape that finds a harmonious match in the climate of Upper Goulburn. This variety thrives in cooler climates where it can ripen slowly, allowing for the development of its signature complexity and nuance. Riesling grapes are versatile with respect to soil types, but they particularly excel in shallow, rocky soils that provide good drainage and reflect heat back onto the vine. The key to cultivating Riesling successfully in Upper Goulburn lies in managing vineyard altitude and exposure to achieve a balance between ripeness and acidity, capitalizing on the cool nights to enhance the grape's natural acid profile.
  3. Chardonnay: Chardonnay, a globally revered variety, adapts well to the varied terroir of Upper Goulburn, showcasing the region's capability to produce grapes of profound quality and character. This variety benefits from the cool, yet sunny conditions, allowing for slow and even ripening. Chardonnay vines prefer well-drained soils rich in limestone or clay to optimize nutrient and water uptake. The grape's adaptability to different training systems and pruning methods allows growers in Upper Goulburn to manipulate vineyard practices to best suit the microclimate, ensuring the production of high-quality Chardonnay grapes.

Each of these grape varieties, through their distinct agricultural and climatic preferences, contributes to the rich tapestry of viticulture in the Upper Goulburn wine subregion. The success of Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling, and Chardonnay in this area is a testament to the growers' understanding and respect for the land, climate, and the grapes themselves, ultimately shaping the identity and prestige of the Upper Goulburn wine subregion within Victoria's wine landscape.

The Upper Goulburn wine subregion, part of Victoria's vast and varied wine landscape, is celebrated for its exceptional production of Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling, and Chardonnay wines. The cool climate, combined with the unique terroir of the area, allows vintners to craft wines with distinct aromatic and flavor profiles that are highly sought after by wine enthusiasts around the world.

  1. Sauvignon Blanc:The Sauvignon Blanc wines from Upper Goulburn are known for their vibrant and refreshing aromatic profile. They often exhibit a range of citrus notes, such as grapefruit and lime, intertwined with herbaceous qualities like fresh-cut grass and green bell pepper. On the palate, these wines are crisp and lively, with a high acidity that is balanced by flavors of tropical fruits and a subtle mineral undertone, which adds complexity and length to the finish.
  2. Riesling:Riesling wines from this subregion are celebrated for their aromatic complexity and finesse. They typically offer a bouquet of floral notes, such as jasmine and honeysuckle, paired with hints of green apple, lemon zest, and sometimes a touch of petrol, which is a characteristic feature of aged Riesling. The flavor profile is equally nuanced, with a pronounced acidity that carries through the palate, balancing the wine's natural sweetness and highlighting flavors of citrus and stone fruits, leading to a long, refreshing finish.
  3. Chardonnay:Chardonnay from Upper Goulburn reflects the cool climate of the region, resulting in wines that are elegant and restrained. These wines often present aromas of green apple, pear, and citrus, complemented by subtle oak influences that introduce notes of vanilla and toasted almond when barrel-fermented or aged. On tasting, the wines reveal a medium to full body, with a creamy texture and a balanced acidity that melds with flavors of ripe stone fruits and a hint of spice, culminating in a smooth and lingering finish.

The wines of Upper Goulburn stand as a testament to the region's ability to produce Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling, and Chardonnay of exceptional quality. Each wine, with its distinctive aromatic and flavor profile, offers a unique sensory experience that captures the essence of this remarkable Victorian wine subregion.