Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva DOCG

Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva DOCG

43° 31' 0" N


13° 14' 0" E




about this subregion

Discover the Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva DOCG wines

The Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva DOCG is located in the Marche wine region of central Italy, and its renowned for its high-quality white wines. It shares its area with Verdicchio dei Castelli di Jesi DOC and is bordered by Pergola DOC, Colli Pesaresi DOC, Lacrima di Morro DOC, Colli Maceratesi DOC, and Esino DOC. It also overlaps with Rosso Piceno DOC, creating a diverse wine-producing landscape.


This region is known for its rolling hills, varying in altitude from 100 to 300 meters above sea level, providing ideal microclimates for viticulture. The temperate climate, influenced by the Adriatic Sea, helps moderate temperatures and provides beneficial breezes, reducing the risk of fungal diseases.

Climate and Soil

The area experiences warm summers and cool winters, with balanced rainfall throughout the year, ensuring adequate moisture for the vines. The soils are rich in limestone, calcareous, and clay, offering excellent drainage and contributing to the minerality of the wines.

Grape Varieties

Verdicchio is the primary grape variety in the Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva DOCG, thriving in the region's unique soil and climate conditions


vinerra illustration

Vineyard Hectares





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Landscape of the Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva DOCG

The Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva DOCG is situated in a picturesque part of the Marche region in central Italy. The landscape of this area is notable for its rolling hills and scenic beauty, which contribute to its status as one of Italy's renowned wine regions.


The region is characterized by a series of gentle, undulating hills that provide an ideal environment for viticulture. These hills vary in altitude, typically ranging from 100 to 300 meters above sea level, which allows for diverse microclimates and enhances the complexity of the wines produced here.

Historical Features

One of the defining features of the landscape is the presence of numerous medieval fortified villages, known locally as "castelli," which give the region its name. These historic villages, such as Castelbellino, Castelplanio, Maiolati, Monte Roberto, and Cupramontana, dot the hillsides and add to the region's charm and cultural heritage.


The vineyards are often interspersed with olive groves, cypress trees, and small patches of forest, creating a varied and visually appealing terrain. The mix of vegetation not only adds to the aesthetic appeal but also supports biodiversity in the region.

Proximity to the Sea

The proximity to the Adriatic Sea also plays a role in shaping the landscape, as the coastal influence helps moderate temperatures and provides beneficial breezes that enhance the growing conditions for the vines.


The Esino River, along with other smaller rivers and streams, meanders through the region, contributing to the lushness of the landscape. These waterways help maintain soil moisture levels and support the overall health of the vineyards.

Overall, the landscape of the Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva DOCG is a harmonious blend of natural beauty and historical significance, making it not only a prime area for wine production but also a captivating destination for visitors.

Climate of the Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva DOCG

The Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva DOCG region enjoys a temperate climate with moderate temperatures throughout the year. The proximity to the Adriatic Sea helps to moderate the climate, avoiding extreme temperature fluctuations. Summers are warm, providing the necessary heat for grape ripening, while winters are cool, helping to preserve the acidity and freshness of the grapes.


Rainfall in this region is relatively evenly distributed throughout the year, with an average annual precipitation that ensures the vines receive adequate moisture. This balanced rainfall pattern is crucial for vine health, providing enough water during the growing season without causing excessive moisture that can lead to fungal diseases. The region’s hilly terrain aids in natural drainage, further protecting the vines from waterlogging.


Winds play a significant role in the climate of the Castelli di Jesi. The area benefits from consistent breezes, particularly from the Adriatic Sea, which help to maintain a dry environment around the vines. These winds reduce humidity levels, minimizing the risk of mold and mildew, and promote healthy grape development by ensuring good air circulation.

Maritime Influence

The maritime influence from the Adriatic Sea is a key factor in the climate of the Castelli di Jesi region. This influence not only moderates temperatures but also brings consistent breezes that enhance the overall growing conditions for the Verdicchio grape. The sea’s proximity ensures a relatively mild climate with fewer extremes in temperature and humidity, contributing to the high quality of the grapes.

Overall Climate Impact

The combination of moderate temperatures, balanced rainfall, beneficial winds, and maritime influence creates an ideal climate for cultivating Verdicchio grapes. This climate supports the production of high-quality Verdicchio wines, known for their freshness, acidity, and complexity, characteristic of the Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva DOCG.

These climate conditions make the region well-suited for viticulture, ensuring that the Verdicchio grapes develop their full potential, resulting in wines that are both expressive and balanced​

​​​​Soils of the Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva DOCG

The Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva DOCG region, renowned for its high-quality Verdicchio wines, benefits from diverse soil types that contribute to the unique characteristics of its wines. The most common soils in this area include:

Limestone-Rich Soils: Limestone is a predominant soil type in the Castelli di Jesi region. These soils are known for their excellent drainage properties and ability to retain heat, which helps in ripening the grapes. Limestone-rich soils also impart a distinct minerality to the wines, enhancing their complexity and depth.

Calcareous Soils: Calcareous soils, similar to limestone, provide good drainage and moderate the temperature around the vine roots. These soils are crucial in maintaining the balance of moisture, ensuring that the vines are neither too dry nor too wet. The calcareous content contributes to the acidity and crispness of the Verdicchio wines, making them fresh and vibrant.

Clay Soils: Clay soils are also common in the Castelli di Jesi region. These soils retain water well and are rich in nutrients, which support vigorous vine growth. While they can be heavier and more challenging to manage, clay soils contribute to the body and structure of the wines. The combination of clay with other soil types ensures that the vines receive balanced nutrition, promoting healthy grape development.

These diverse soil types, combined with the region's favorable climate, create an ideal environment for cultivating Verdicchio grapes. The interplay of limestone, calcareous, and clay soils allows for the production of wines with distinct minerality, balanced acidity, and robust structure, hallmarks of the Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva DOCG wines.


Most Common Grapes of Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva DOCG

Verdicchio is the primary grape variety in the Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva DOCG, a renowned wine region in the Marche area of Italy. The successful cultivation of Verdicchio depends on specific agricultural and climatic conditions that are essential for producing high-quality grapes.

Agricultural Requirements

In terms of agricultural requirements, Verdicchio vines thrive in calcareous and clay-rich soils. These soil types, prevalent in the Castelli di Jesi region, provide vital nutrients and help maintain an ideal pH balance. Limestone content aids in drainage, preventing waterlogging, while the clay retains moisture, ensuring the vines have adequate water during dry spells. Optimal vine density for Verdicchio ranges from 2,300 to 3,000 vines per hectare. This spacing allows for sufficient air circulation and sunlight penetration, which are critical in minimizing fungal diseases and ensuring even ripening of the grapes.

The Guyot training system is commonly used for Verdicchio vines. This method involves pruning the vine to a single or double cane, which helps manage growth and fruit production. It balances the vine's vigor and yield, promoting the development of high-quality grapes. Harvesting typically occurs in mid to late October, a crucial period to ensure the grapes have reached their optimal ripeness, balancing sugar levels and acidity. Hand harvesting is preferred to minimize damage and allow for careful selection of the best grapes.

Climatic Requirements

Climatic conditions are equally important for Verdicchio cultivation. The vines require a temperate climate with moderate temperatures throughout the growing season. Ideal temperatures range between 15°C and 30°C, preventing heat stress and frost damage, thus ensuring healthy vine growth and grape development. The region receives an average monthly rainfall of 40 mm to 80 mm. This relatively even distribution of rainfall provides the necessary moisture while also having dry periods that reduce the risk of disease. Higher rainfall in spring and autumn supports the critical growth stages of the vines.

Ample sunlight is essential for Verdicchio vines. The hilly terrain of the Castelli di Jesi region ensures that the vineyards receive plenty of sunlight, crucial for photosynthesis and the development of sugars in the grapes. Optimal sunlight exposure contributes significantly to the maturation and ripening process. Additionally, the region benefits from gentle breezes, particularly from the Adriatic Sea. These winds help maintain a dry canopy, reducing the incidence of fungal diseases and promoting healthy vine growth. The consistent airflow provided by the east-west valleys formed by local rivers creates a stable microclimate ideal for Verdicchio cultivation.

By adhering to these specific agricultural and climatic requirements, the Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva DOCG region consistently produces Verdicchio grapes of exceptional quality, essential for crafting premium wines.

Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva DOCG Wines

The Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva DOCG is a prestigious designation in the Marche region of Italy, recognized for producing some of the finest white wines in the country. Among these, the Bianco Riserva stands out for its exceptional quality and distinctive characteristics. This wine is crafted from the Verdicchio grape, which must constitute at least 85% of the blend, with the option to include up to 15% of other local white grape varieties. The wine's production adheres to stringent standards, including a minimum aging period of 18 months, with at least six months in the bottle.

White Wines

Bianco Riserva wines from the Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva DOCG are predominantly made from the Verdicchio grape. This grape variety is celebrated for its ability to produce white wines with excellent structure and aging potential. The inclusion of up to 15% other local white grapes allows for slight variations in style, enhancing the complexity and depth of the final product.

Aromatic Profile

The Bianco Riserva is known for its refined and expressive aromatic profile. On the nose,these white wines show aromas of green apple, citrus fruits such as lemon and lime, and subtle floral notes like elderflower. Additionally, there are often hints of almonds, which are a hallmark of these white wines, along with mineral undertones that reflect the terroir of the Castelli di Jesi region. As the wine ages, it can develop more complex aromas, including nuances of honey and dried fruits.

Flavor Profile

The flavor profile of Bianco Riserva is marked by its balance and elegance. The palate is greeted with flavors that mirror the aromatic profile, featuring crisp green apple, citrus zest, and a touch of bitter almond. The wine's high acidity provides a refreshing and vibrant backbone, making it an excellent companion for a variety of dishes. The mineral notes add a distinct layer of complexity, contributing to a long, clean finish. As the wine matures, it can gain additional layers of richness and depth, with flavors evolving to include hints of honey, dried apricots, and toasted nuts.

Aging Potential

One of the notable attributes of Bianco Riserva wines is their aging potential. Thanks to the high acidity and robust structure of Verdicchio, these wines can age gracefully for several years. Over time, they develop a more rounded and harmonious profile, with tertiary flavors adding to the overall complexity and enjoyment of the wine.

The Castelli di Jesi Verdicchio Riserva DOCG Bianco Riserva is a testament to the region's winemaking heritage, offering a wine that is both versatile and sophisticated. Its combination of fresh, vibrant flavors and the ability to age well makes it a prized selection for wine enthusiasts and collectors alike.