Gattinara

Gattinara

45°47′N

LATITUDE

8°24′E

LONGITUDE

2

APPELATIONS

about this subregion

Tucked away in the heart of Piedmont, Italy, lies the Gattinara DOC, a realm where vines and volcanic terrains converse in a timeless dance. The environment here is a vivid tapestry: rolling hillsides, sun-dappled vineyards, and the unmistakable signature of ancient volcanic soils. It's these mineral-rich soils, combined with a continental climate influenced by the nearby Alps, that give Gattinara wines their distinctive character.

At the soul of Gattinara's winemaking heritage stands the illustrious Nebbiolo grape. In this northern haven, Nebbiolo thrives like nowhere else, expressing itself with a finesse and elegance that captures the essence of the region. While its cousins in Barolo and Barbaresco might capture more global attention, Gattinara's Nebbiolo paints its own masterpiece, melding notes of red fruits with an underlying minerality and a bouquet that hints at roses and violets.

From these prized Nebbiolo grapes emerge the region's two vinous gems: the Gattinara Rosso and the Riserva. The Rosso, radiant with a ruby-red allure, boasts a harmonious blend of acidity and tannin, unfolding on the palate with a youthful vibrancy. The Riserva, meanwhile, is the epitome of patience and evolution. Aged longer in oak, it offers a deeper, more complex flavor profile that resonates with whispers of the land's history.

In Gattinara DOC, every sip is a journey through time, a testament to the enduring bond between Nebbiolo and its cherished northern home.

Associations

93

Vineyard Hectares

0

WINERIES

-

GROWING DEGREE DAYS

Discover Terroir

Tucked away in the northern reaches of Italy's esteemed Piedmont region, Gattinara DOCG emerges as a patchwork of undulating hills, vine-clad terrains, and nature's artistry. The landscape here is both picturesque and purposeful, playing a pivotal role in shaping the unique wines of the region. The Consorzio Valsesia,as well as the Consorzio di Tutela Nebbioli Alto Piemonte, are dedicated to preserving and promoting the unique terroir of Gattinara, and play a vital role in safeguarding the region's winemaking traditions.

Gattinara's terrain is a testament to ancient geological events, with its mineral-rich, volcanic soils lending a unique characteristic to the vineyards. These soils, interspersed with rocky outcrops, challenge the vines to dig deep, extracting a wealth of minerals and imparting a distinct minerality to the wines.

The hills roll gracefully, presenting a terraced vista that captures the imagination. They ascend and descend in rhythmic patterns, ensuring varying altitudes and exposures that bless the vines with a delightful balance of sunlight and shade. This dance of light, combined with a temperate climate, ensures a gradual ripening of the grapes, enhancing their flavor profiles and aromatic complexity.

Bordered by the majestic Alps to the north, Gattinara enjoys a unique microclimate. The mountains act as both protector and influencer, shielding the region from extreme cold while funneling in gentle breezes that aerate the vines.

Every facet of Gattinara's landscape – from its volcanic underbelly to its hilly expanse and the gentle embrace of the Alpine winds – collaborates in crafting wines of unparalleled elegance, telling tales of a land that's as captivating in sight as it is in taste.

In the heart of Gattinara DOCG, climate dances as an invisible maestro, orchestrating a series of natural events that shape the wines' very soul. The region primarily enjoys a continental climate, painting a vivid tapestry of cold winters followed by sun-drenched summers. These distinct seasonal shifts not only rejuvenate the vines but also fuel their energetic growth.

Yet, Gattinara's climate story is more intricate, thanks to the towering Alps nearby. These majestic peaks play a dual role: they act as sentinels, guarding the vineyards from intense cold while allowing moderated alpine breezes to meander through. These breezes, especially in the heart of summer, provide a cooling embrace to the vines, ensuring both health and balance.

Perhaps one of Gattinara's most captivating climatic features is the play of temperatures between day and night. As the harvest season draws near, warm daytime temperatures nurture the grapes, enhancing sugar content. In contrast, the cool nights safeguard their natural acidity. This diurnal dance ensures wines with depth, harmonizing sweetness and acidity in every sip.

Rain, too, plays its part with grace in Gattinara. The showers, evenly spread throughout the year, work in tandem with the region's volcanic soils, which expertly drain excess water. This balance ensures vines remain healthily quenched, never waterlogged, and encourages roots to delve deeper, seeking minerals to enrich the grapes.

All these elements come together seamlessly, crafting a climatic narrative in Gattinara DOCG where nature, with its gentle nuances and stark contrasts, lovingly molds wines that echo their homeland's essence.

The soils of Gattinara DOCG are an essential part of its winemaking narrative, lending unique characteristics and profiles to its celebrated wines. Diverse and intricate, these soils encapsulate tales of ancient geology and the region's natural history.

  1. Volcanic Soils: At the heart of Gattinara's terroir lie its volcanic soils, a testament to ancient geological activities. These soils are mineral-rich, offering a distinct minerality that gets translated into the wines. Well-draining and fertile, they compel the vines to stretch their roots deep, tapping into layers of nutrients and minerals. This gives the wines depth and a pronounced mineral undertone, setting them apart in their flavor profile.
  2. Sandy Loam: Scattered across Gattinara are patches of sandy loam soils. Light and aerated, these soils ensure good drainage, which is essential for the vine's health. They also tend to retain heat, warming the vine roots during cooler periods. Wines from these soils often have a delicate aromatic profile, with a hint of elegance and lightness in their structure.
  3. Clay: Pockets of clay soils intersperse the Gattinara landscape. These heavier soils have excellent water retention capabilities, ensuring that the vines have a consistent moisture supply, especially during drier periods. Clay soils often result in wines with a fuller body, richer texture, and a robust flavor profile, adding another layer of complexity to Gattinara's offerings.
  4. Rocky Outcrops: Dotted around the region are areas of rocky outcrops. While seemingly challenging, these soils stress the vines, making them work harder and, in the process, concentrate their flavors. The resulting wines are intense, with a firm structure and a character that speaks of resilience and determination.

Discover

The Nebbiolo grape, when whispered among wine aficionados, brings to mind elegance, prestige, and deep ruby-red hues. Native to the Piedmont region, and found in many subregions such as Barolo, its name is believed to be derived from the Italian word 'nebbia,' meaning fog, which aptly paints a picture of the misty October mornings when this grape is typically harvested. When you encounter Nebbiolo from Gattinara DOCG, one of the first things that captivates is its physical aspect. Unlike the dark and opaque nature of many red wines, Gattinara's Nebbiolo reveals a translucent garnet, a hue that deepens with age, promising a story in every glass.

Diving into the aromatic profile of this treasured grape, one is immediately transported to a blooming rose garden interspersed with ripe red fruits. A swirl in the glass releases hints of cherries, raspberries, and dried strawberries, mingled with undertones of violets. But Nebbiolo's aromatic depth doesn't stop at the fruity and floral. As the wine evolves, especially in the esteemed terrains of Gattinara DOCG, it develops layers of earthiness, punctuated by notes of leather, tar, and even a touch of truffle. On the palate, these aromas translate into a symphony of flavors: a vibrant acidity melds with firm tannins, revealing a wine that, while delightful in its youth, promises grace and complexity as it matures. This is the signature of Gattinara's Nebbiolo: a grape that seamlessly weaves the poetry of aromas with the precision of flavors.

Nestled within the wine-soaked terrains of Piedmont lies the Gattinara DOCG, where wines of exceptional character and depth are birthed. A significant hallmark of this region is the artful blend of its wines, rooted primarily in the noble Nebbiolo grape, complemented gracefully by hints of Uva Rara and Vespolina. This combination gives rise to two stellar expressions: the Gattinara Rosso and the Gattinara Riserva. Both wines, while springing from the same origins, reveal distinct personalities and profiles, defined in part by their meticulous aging processes.

  1. Gattinara Rosso: The Gattinara Rosso greets the nose with a youthful burst of fresh red fruits. Notes of cherries and raspberries dance vividly, interwoven with subtle floral undertones reminiscent of blooming violets and roses. Hints of spice and a touch of earthy leather linger in the backdrop, teasing the senses. On the palate, the Rosso sings a harmonious tune. Its vibrant acidity and fresh fruit flavors are rounded off by the gentle embrace of tannins, a testament to its minimum 35 months of aging, of which 24 are spent refining in barrels. This wine, while elegant on its own, holds the promise of developing deeper complexities as it further matures in the bottle.
  2. Gattinara Riserva: The Riserva, with its extended aging, presents a more evolved aromatic journey. The primary fruit notes are deeper, leaning towards dried fruits and prunes, complemented by a richer floral bouquet. Intriguing whispers of tar, tobacco, and truffles emerge, adding layers to its olfactory narrative. In the mouth, the Riserva is a tapestry of layered flavors. The initial fruitiness gives way to more profound notes of dark chocolate, licorice, and aged leather. Its time - a minimum of 47 months with at least 36 in barrels - imparts a structure that's both robust and velvety, ensuring a finish that lingers, echoing the tales of the land and the passage of time.
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