Dealurile Sătmarului IGP

Dealurile Sătmarului IGP

47°23'38.3" N


22°16'14.1" E




about this subregion

The Dealurile Satmarului IGP is a subregion within the larger Crisana-Maramures wine region of Romania, north west of the Muntenia area, that has a distinctive environment conducive for grapegrowing. Nestled in a cooler part of Romania, the region benefits from a climate that features milder winters and long autumns, conditions that favour a slow and balanced grape maturation. This climatic advantage helps in preserving the natural acidity and aromatic freshness of the grapes.

The soil composition in Dealurile Satmarului varies, including loamy soils, which are fertile and maintain good moisture, as well as brownish and reddish sandy soils in more eroded areas, which allow for quick drainage and early warming in spring. These soils support diverse viticultural opportunities, influencing the growth and development of grapevines in unique ways.

Key grape varieties cultivated in this IGP include Fetească Neagră, Syrah, Blaufränkisch, Pinot Gris, and Grünspitz. Each variety benefits from the region's cooler temperatures and the varied soil types, contributing to the rich tapestry of wines produced within the Dealurile Satmarului IGP.


vinerra illustration

Vineyard Hectares





Discover Terroir

The Dealurile Satmarului IGP wine subregion is located within the Crisana-Maramures wine region, alongside other appellations such as the Crisana DOP, the Minis DOP, the Dealurile Crisanei IGP, and the Dealurile Zarandului IGP. Located in northwest Romania, this subregion has a captivating landscape characterized by rolling hills, lush vineyards, and fertile plains.

As you walk through the Dealurile Satmarului IGP, you will be greeted by a patchwork of breathtaking vineyards that spread across undulating terrain. The gently sloping hills create an ideal microclimate for grape growing, with ample sunlight and well-drained soils that nurture the vines. The landscape is dotted with quaint villages and hamlets, where winemaking traditions have been passed down through generations.

The vineyards of Dealurile Satmarului IGP are interspersed with patches of woodland, adding to the region's diversity. These trees not only provide shelter for the vineyards, but also contribute to the biodiversity of the area. The rivers and streams that pass through this region provide the necesary water to the vines during dry periods.

Finally, the snow-capped peaks of the Maramures Mountains form a majestic backdrop, that contrasts with the verdant landscape of this area. The mountains also provide air currents and cool breezes that help to moderate the climate in the hottest days, allowing to produce wines with very intense flavors and high-quality.

The Dealurile Sătmarului IGP enjoys an unique climate that sets it apart from its warmer counterparts. Characterized by cooler temperatures and high levels of moisture, this region has long autumns and milder winters, creating a unique background for grape cultivation. Unlike warmer Romanian wine regions, where scorching temperatures canbe challenging for grapegrowing, the moderate climate of Dealurile Sătmarului offers optimal conditions for the development of the vines.

The cooler climate of Dealurile Sătmarului plays a key role to preserve the natural acidity and aromatic intensity of the grapes. This is critical during the ripening period, where maintaining balanced acidity allows to produce high-quality wines. With average temperatures averaging 3-4 degrees Celsius lower than other regions during the maturation phase, Dealurile Sătmarului grapes benefit from a longer growing season. This extended period allows them to ripen slowly, resulting in more complex flavors and enhanced character in the final wines.

In addition, the ample moisture levels in the region contribute to the healthy grow of the vines. Regular rainfall and humidity help sustain the vines throughout the growing season, reducing the need of additional irrigation. This ensures that the grapes receive the optimal amount of water, promoting a steady growth and development.

The Dealurile Sătmarului IGP wine subregion has a great diversity of soil types that play a key role in the viticulture of the area:

  1. Loamy Soils: These soils are prevalent in several parts of the Dealurile Sătmarului IGP. Known for their balance of sand, silt, and clay, loamy soils provide good drainage and have enough fertility to support vigorous vine growth, although they also require vintners to apply techniques that reduce excesively vigour. These soils also help retain moisture during dry periods, which is beneficial for the vines during the critical growth stages.
  2. Brownish and Reddish Sandy Soils; Found in the more eroded sections of the region, these sandy soils are well-drained and warm quickly in the spring. This characteristic allows for an early start to the grape growing season. However, they can pose challenges during very dry years as they do not hold water well.
  3. Deposits with Lutaceous Elements: These soil types have great amounts of clay and are typically found in lower-lying areas. They are cooler and retain water more effectively than sandy soils, which can be advantageous in maintaining vine balance during hot and dry growing seasons.


The Dealurile Sătmarului IGP subregion has an unique climate, where a great range of grape varieties thrive:

  1. Fetească Neagră:This indigenous Romanian grape thrives in the warmer microclimates of the region, where the sunny and moderate weather allows for a longer ripening period. The soils, rich in minerals and organic matter, support the growth of this resilient grape, leading to robust vines that are more resistant to drought and frost.
  2. Syrah: Syrah prefers the hotter and drier areas of this IGP, and requires ample sunlight to develop its full potential. For this reason, the hillsides of this subregion are the perfect spots for growing this grape, due to the large amount of sunlight grapevines receive. In addition, Syrah requires well-drained and fertile soils, which help in maintaining vine health and avoiding vigorous growth.
  3. Blaufränkisch: This grape variety prefers cooler, less extreme climates. For this reason, the areas with slightly more elevation and the cooler microclimates within this subregion are the perfect spots to grow this grape. In addition, this grape thrives in the loamy soils from this region, which ensure adequate water retention without causing waterlogging, something that is key to mantain a great balance between healthy growth and flavor development in the grapes.
  4. Pinot Gris:  Pinot Gris, a very versatile grape variety, grows best in the cooler areas of Dealurile Sătmarului. Regarding the soils, it shows a preference for those with a great moisture retention and that don't overheat. Finally, the best locations for Pinot Gris are those with good air circulation, because it helps to prevent fungus diseases.
  5. Grünspitz: Grünspitz is a white grape variety somewhat less common than Pinot Gris, but nevertheless it has also found its place in Dealurile Sătmarului IGP. This wine grape prefers moderate climates, which favor healthy but not excessively vigorous growth. Regarding soils, it develops best in sandy soils with good aeration and drainage, thus avoiding not only waterlogging but also fungal diseases.

Each of these grape varieties, coupled with other grapes like Cabernet Sauvignon or Pinot Noir, contributes to the viticultural richness of the Dealurile Sătmarului IGP, showing the adaptability and resilience of vines in diverse environments.

The Dealurile Sătmarului IGP is getting more recognizement for its unique red and white wines, rich in character and complexity:

  1. Fetească Neagră: This wine has a deep ruby color, and is renowned for its complex bouquet of aromas and flavors. The aromatic profile of these red wines is dominated by ripe black fruit notes, such as blackberries and cherries, as well as subtle spicy notes. In the flavor profile, on the other hand, these red wines show a robust character and a good structure provided by the tannins, which gives them a great aging potential.
  2. Syrah: Syrah is a wine with a vibrant and intense color, which in this region stands out for its fruity aromatic profile and its spicy profile on the palate. On the nose, powerful notes of black fruits such as plums or blackcurrants tend to predominate in these red wines, as well as subtle notes of pepper or vanilla. On the palate, on the other hand, These wines are full bodied, and hace a silky texture with predominant spicy notes. If you are looking for a wine with good structure and great aromatic intensity, Syrah could be a great choice.
  3. Blaufränkisch: Blaufränkisch is a red wine highly appreciated for its great acidity and fruity profile on the palate. This wine has an aromatic profile dominated by notes of sweet spices, such as cinnamon or clove, with light earthy reminiscences. On the palate, on the other hand, it is a very refreshing wine with an intermediate body and notes that will remind you of cherries or blackberries. Blaufränkisch wine is a very versatile wine, and perfect for pairing with a wide range of foods, such as hearty pasta dishes or rich meats.
  4. Pinot Gris: Dealurile Sătmarului Pinot Gris is particularly noted for its delicate floral aromas, complemented by fruity notes that add complexity. Within the aromatic profile, we can highlight notes that can remind you of white flowers, as well as notes of pears and apples. In the mouth, it tends to show a more mineral profile, due to the richness of the soils of the region, as well as a clean and fresh finish that leaves a pleasant sensation on the palate.
  5. Grünspit: Although not as common in the region as Pinot Gris, this white wine is slowly gaining popularity in Romania. The raising popularity of Grünspit is mainly due to its distinguished aromatic profile, where green apple and herbal notes predominate. In the mouth, it has a refreshing profile, thanks to its vibrant acidity and light body. This makes it perfect to pair with seafood dishes.

Each of these wines, as well as other wines like the still Cabernet Sauvignon wines or the sparkling wines crafted from Pinot Noir, bring a slice of Romanian terroir to the glass, showing the potential of the Dealurile Sătmarului IGP to produce distinctive and memorable wines.