Macedon Ranges

Macedon Ranges

37° 30' S


144° 41’ E




about this subregion

Nestled in the northeastern part of Victoria, Australia, the King Valley wine subregion boasts a diverse environment ideal for grape cultivation. Characterized by its cool climate and varying elevations, this region offers a unique terroir that influences the flavor profile of its wines. With its undulating hills and valleys, the King Valley provides a range of microclimates, allowing for the successful cultivation of a variety of grape varieties.

Pinot Noir, Cabernet Sauvignon, Shiraz, Chardonnay, and Riesling thrive in this environment, each benefiting from the region's cool temperatures and ample sunlight. The subregion's soil composition, consisting of a mix of gravel, clay, and loam, contributes to the complexity and depth of the wines produced here.

Winemakers in the King Valley are renowned for their dedication to sustainable practices and innovation, resulting in high-quality wines that reflect the region's unique terroir. Visitors to the area can explore picturesque vineyards, sample award-winning wines, and experience the rich cultural heritage of the local community.

In summary, the King Valley wine subregion of Victoria offers a perfect blend of environmental factors and viticultural expertise, making it a must-visit destination for wine enthusiasts seeking distinctive wines crafted from premium grape varieties.


vinerra illustration

Vineyard Hectares



1,100 - 1,300


Discover Terroir

Nestled around the towering Mount Macedon lies the Macedon Ranges, a small yet significant wine sub-region in Victoria. The landscape of the Bendigo wine subregion is characterized by undulating hills and valleys, creating a picturesque backdrop for vineyards. Rolling slopes provide optimal sun exposure, while the region's proximity to Mount Macedon influences its microclimate, with cool breezes sweeping down from the mountain, moderating temperatures and ensuring even ripening of grapes.

Vineyards dot the landscape, their rows of vines extending across the terrain, interspersed with pockets of native vegetation. The soil composition varies within the subregion, encompassing a mix of ancient volcanic soils, clay, and gravel, each contributing distinct characteristics to the wines produced here.

As visitors traverse the winding roads that meander through the Bendigo wine subregion, they are treated to panoramic views of the surrounding countryside, with vineyards stretching as far as the eye can see. The tranquil setting and natural beauty of the landscape create an idyllic setting for wine tasting experiences, where visitors can sample the renowned varietals grown in this unique terroir.

In summary, the Bendigo wine subregion of the Victoria wine region is distinguished by its stunning landscape, characterized by rolling hills, fertile valleys, and a diverse range of soils. This picturesque setting, combined with its favorable microclimate, makes it an ideal location for the production of premium wines.

Situated approximately fifty kilometers northwest of central Melbourne, the Macedon Ranges wine subregion stands out as one of Australia's coolest viticultural areas. Its elevation, ranging from 300 to 800 meters above sea level, shapes a distinctive climate characterized by warm days and significantly cooler evenings. This diurnal temperature variation is ideal for fostering high acidity crucial for sparkling wine production and promoting extended grape ripening, enhancing the complexity and depth of wines.

The region benefits from higher rainfall compared to warmer, drier areas to the north, complemented by nutrient-rich clay soils that obviate the need for irrigation, resulting in concentrated berry production. Soil composition varies, featuring sandstone, shale, and granitic soils, particularly in elevated zones, which limit yields and contribute to wine character.

The Macedon Ranges' climate dictates wine styles, favoring cool-climate varieties. Its vineyards, among the last to harvest nationally, often pick grapes before full ripeness, ideal for sparkling wines. However, achieving full ripeness for still wines demands careful cultivar selection, underscoring the challenges and opportunities unique to winemaking in this region.

This distinctive climate and terroir enable the production of wines with unique styles, setting them apart from warmer Australian regions. Macedon Ranges winemakers embrace these conditions, crafting wines that authentically reflect the subregion's environmental nuances.

The Macedon Ranges wine subregion, celebrated for its unique terroir and high-quality wines, benefits significantly from its diverse soil composition. This variety in soil types contributes to the complexity and distinctiveness of the wines produced in this region. Below is an overview of the most common soils found in the Macedon Ranges, highlighting their impact on viticulture.

  1. Granite Soils: The region's granite hills are a defining feature, providing well-drained soils that are ideal for vine growth. Granite soils contribute to the production of wines with intense flavors and good structure, particularly beneficial for varieties such as Chardonnay and Pinot Noir​​.
  2. Slate and Gravel Soils: These soils offer excellent drainage and are known to stress vines moderately, leading to the production of grapes with concentrated flavors. Wines from vineyards with slate and gravel soils often exhibit a notable mineral quality, adding to the complexity of the wine​​.
  3. Quartz over Siltstone and Sandstone: The oldest soils in the region consist of quartz over siltstone and sandstone. These ancient soils contribute to the terroir-driven characteristics of Macedon Ranges wines, providing a unique mineral profile that is reflected in the elegance and depth of the wines, especially in the region's notable Chardonnays and Pinot Noirs​​.
  4. Volcanic Brown Soils over Clay: The youngest soils in the region are the volcanic brown soils over clay. These soils are fertile and retain water well, supporting vine health and promoting balanced vine growth. This soil type is conducive to producing wines with vibrant fruit flavors and a rich texture​​.

Each soil type in the Macedon Ranges wine subregion contributes to the distinctive profiles of the wines produced, influencing everything from the aromatics to the palate structure. The interaction between these soils and the region's cool climate is a key factor in the success of Macedon Ranges' viticulture, allowing winemakers to craft wines that are expressive of their unique terroir.


The Macedon Ranges wine subregion in Victoria, Australia, is distinguished by its cool climate, elevated terrain, and unique terroir, making it an ideal location for cultivating a variety of grapes with specific agricultural and climatic needs. This area is renowned for producing high-quality wines, with a focus on several key grape varieties that thrive in its distinctive environmental conditions. Below, we explore the most common grapes found in the Macedon Ranges, detailing their agricultural and climatic requirements without delving into their aromatic and flavor profiles.

  1. Pinot Noir: Pinot Noir thrives in the cool, elevated vineyards of the Macedon Ranges, where the temperature variation between day and night is significant. This grape variety requires a longer growing season to mature fully, benefiting from the region's late harvest. The cool climate helps maintain acidity, which is crucial for the structure of Pinot Noir wines. Its cultivation in the Macedon Ranges is aided by well-drained, clay-rich soils that provide moisture retention without waterlogging the roots.
  2. Cabernet Sauvignon: Despite the region's cool climate, Cabernet Sauvignon has adapted well, particularly in slightly warmer sites within the Macedon Ranges. This variety requires more heat to ripen than Pinot Noir and Chardonnay, making the selection of vineyard location critical. Cabernet Sauvignon benefits from the region's well-drained soils, which encourage deep root systems and contribute to the development of complex flavors. The grape's success in the area is also attributed to careful vineyard management practices that ensure optimal sun exposure and air circulation.
  3. Shiraz: In the Macedon Ranges, Shiraz is planted in the warmer sites, where it can achieve full ripeness despite the generally cool climate. The variety benefits from the region's long growing season, which is essential for developing complexity and depth. Shiraz vines in the Macedon Ranges are often planted in soils with good drainage but sufficient water-holding capacity to sustain the vines through the dry periods. Careful canopy management is crucial to protect the grapes from the cool winds and to ensure adequate sunlight penetration for even ripening.
  4. Chardonnay: Chardonnay is another variety that flourishes in the Macedon Ranges, taking advantage of the cool climate to develop high acidity levels, which are essential for sparkling and still wine production. The grape prefers the region's rich, volcanic soils, which offer excellent drainage and help concentrate the flavors. The Macedon Ranges' unique combination of cool temperatures and elevated vineyard sites allows Chardonnay to ripen slowly, preserving the grape's natural acidity and freshness.
  5. Riesling: Riesling is well-suited to the cool climate of the Macedon Ranges, where the slow ripening period accentuates the grape's natural acidity and aromatic qualities. This variety demands well-drained soils and prefers the higher elevation sites found in the region, which provide a cooler growing environment. The Macedon Ranges' combination of cool nights and warm days towards the end of the growing season allows Riesling to develop a balance of sugar and acidity, crucial for producing high-quality wines.

These grape varieties exemplify the Macedon Ranges' ability to produce diverse and high-quality wines, each benefiting from the region's unique climatic conditions and viticultural practices. The success of these grapes underlines the importance of matching variety to site, a principle that the Macedon Ranges' winemakers have mastered, allowing them to harness the potential of their cool-climate vineyards effectively.

The Macedon Ranges wine subregion of Victoria is celebrated for its unique wine offerings, which benefit from the cool climate and high elevation of the area. This region produces a range of wines that are not only reflective of their terroir but are also notable for their aromatic and flavor profiles. Below, we delve into the most common wines from the Macedon Ranges, focusing solely on their sensory characteristics.

  1. Sparkling Wines: The sparkling wines from the Macedon Ranges are renowned for their complexity and depth. These wines typically exhibit a fine mousse with aromas of green apple, citrus, and brioche, due to the cool-climate influence. On the palate, they are crisp and refreshing, with a delicate balance of fruitiness and minerality, making them ideal for celebrations and special occasions.
  2. Chardonnay: Chardonnay from the Macedon Ranges is known for its elegance and subtlety. Aromatically, these wines can range from the scent of stone fruits and citrus to more complex notes of almond, toast, and flint, reflecting the influence of both the terroir and winemaking practices such as barrel aging. On the palate, Macedon Ranges Chardonnay is typically well-structured with a crisp acidity, offering flavors that mirror the nose complemented by a creamy texture.
  3. Pinot Noir: The Pinot Noir wines of the Macedon Ranges are celebrated for their aromatic intensity and complexity. The nose often features a bouquet of red berries, cherries, and plums, with hints of earthiness and floral notes like violet. These wines are silky on the palate, with a luscious fruit depth balanced by fine tannins and a lingering finish, showcasing the variety's potential in a cool-climate setting.
  4. Shiraz: While Shiraz might be more commonly associated with warmer Australian regions, the Macedon Ranges' version presents a cooler climate expression of the grape. Shiraz wines are characterized by their aromatic spice notes, including pepper, cloves, and herbs, alongside dark fruits like blackberries and plums. On the palate, Macedon Ranges Shiraz is medium-bodied with a vibrant acidity and smooth tannins, offering a different but equally captivating profile compared to its warmer region counterparts.
  5. Riesling, Gewürztraminer, and Lagrein: Although not as widely produced, these varietals express the diversity of the Macedon Ranges. Riesling is crisp and aromatic, with high acidity and flavors of lime and green apple. Gewürztraminer offers a more aromatic bouquet with notes of lychee, rose, and spice, while Lagrein, a less common variety, presents dark fruit flavors, chocolate, and a unique earthiness, demonstrating the versatility and exploratory nature of winemaking in the region.

Each wine from the Macedon Ranges tells a story of its origin, from the soil and climate to the winemaker's vision, providing a diverse and enriching tasting experience that is reflective of this distinctive Australian wine region.