Great Southern

Great Southern

34° 58' S


117° 53’ E




about this subregion

The Great Southern wine subregion of Western Australia boasts a diverse environment conducive to grape cultivation. Stretching across a vast area, its landscape encompasses rugged coastlines, rolling hills, mountain ranges, and fertile valleys. The maritime influence moderates temperatures, while the varying altitudes and soils offer ideal conditions for vine growth.

Among the prominent grape varieties cultivated here are Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon, Riesling, and Chardonnay. Shiraz thrives in the warmer, inland areas, producing bold and robust wines. Cabernet Sauvignon finds its place in the well-drained soils of the region, yielding structured and age-worthy wines. Riesling, favored for its aromatic qualities, flourishes in the cooler, higher altitude vineyards, while Chardonnay excels in the milder coastal areas, resulting in elegant and complex wines.

The Great Southern subregion's terroir, characterized by its unique blend of climate, soil, and topography, contributes to the distinctiveness of its wines. With a reputation for producing high-quality grapes, this area continues to captivate wine enthusiasts with its diverse range of expressions, reflecting the essence of Western Australia's winemaking prowess.


vinerra illustration

Vineyard Hectares



1,200 - 1,800


Discover Terroir

The Great Southern wine subregion in Western Australia spans a vast expanse, stretching approximately 150 kilometers from the eastern reaches of the Manjimup and the Blackwood Valley subregions to the winding course of the Pallinup River. This expansive territory This wine region, that extends over more than 200 Km along the Southern Ocean coast of Western Australia, encompasses an array of captivating landscapes, each contributing to the region's unique viticultural tapestry and scenic allure.

To the west lies the Manjimup subregion, where rolling hills cloaked in verdant forests create a picturesque backdrop for vineyards. Here, the soils are rich and fertile, nourished by the region's abundant rainfall and gentle slopes, providing an ideal environment for grape cultivation. As one ventures further eastward into the Blackwood Valley, the landscape transforms into a mosaic of rugged terrain and lush valleys. Rocky outcrops and dense woodlands punctuate the landscape, offering a glimpse into the region's natural splendor and ecological diversity.

Continuing eastward into the heart of the Great Southern, the landscape becomes more varied, with expansive plains giving way to undulating hills, mountain ranges and sweeping valleys. Along the journey, the Pallinup River meanders through the countryside, its meandering course carving out pockets of fertile land ripe for vineyard development.

Throughout the Great Southern wine subregion, vineyards dot the landscape, nestled amidst stunning natural vistas and panoramic views. From the tranquil beauty of the western hinterlands to the untamed wilderness of the eastern frontier, the diverse terrain of the Great Southern provides a captivating backdrop for the cultivation of world-class wines. Whether exploring the rolling hillsides or wandering through ancient forests, visitors are treated to a sensory journey that celebrates the union of nature and winemaking, making the Great Southern a truly remarkable destination for wine enthusiasts and adventurers alike.

The Great Southern wine subregion of Western Australia stands as a testament to the intricate dance between climate and terroir, weaving together a diverse tapestry that paints the landscape with unique winemaking possibilities. Spanning an expansive territory, the region encapsulates a myriad of climatic nuances, ranging from the coastal influences of maritime climates to the warmth of Mediterranean zones and the continental characteristics found further inland. This rich mosaic of microclimates bestows upon the region's wines a kaleidoscope of flavors and aromas, each a reflection of its specific environmental imprint.

At the heart of the Great Southern lies its defining cool climate, due to the influence of the Southern Ocean coast combined woth the high altitude of the vines, earning it the distinction of being Western Australia's coolest wine region. This inherent coolness, combined with the region's remote allure, has drawn forth a cadre of visionary winemakers, their creativity and expertise converging to produce wines that epitomize the essence of contemporary Australian winemaking. Across its five distinct winegrowing areas—Frankland River, Mount Barker, Porongurup, Denmark, and Albany—the Great Southern has carved out a niche for itself, celebrated for its commitment to sustainable practices, organic viticulture, and the meticulous craftsmanship that goes into every bottle.

Within the intricate patchwork of subregions, the climatic diversity serves as a canvas upon which a vast array of wine styles are painted. From the bold, robust reds of Frankland River to the delicate effervescence of Denmark's sparkling wines, and the nuanced, cool-climate expressions found in Mount Barker and Porongurup, each area's unique climatic profile and soil composition play a pivotal role in shaping the character of its wines. This harmonious interplay between nature's elements and human ingenuity is the driving force behind the Great Southern's esteemed reputation for diversity and excellence in winemaking, a legacy that continues to captivate and inspire wine enthusiasts around the world.

The Great Southern wine subregion of Western Australia is characterized by a diverse array of soils that play a crucial role in shaping the unique terroir of the region's wines. Predominantly clayey and lateritic sandy soils, along with sandy soils derived from the degradation of granitic bedrock, are among the most common soil types found throughout the area.

  1. Clayey soils: These soils are rich in clay minerals, offering good water retention and nutrient availability for grapevines. They provide a stable foundation for vine growth and contribute to the development of complex flavors in the grapes.
  2. Lateritic sandy soils: Formed through weathering processes, lateritic sandy soils are characterized by their high iron and aluminum oxide content. While they may have lower water retention capabilities compared to clayey soils, they offer excellent drainage, reducing the risk of waterlogging and promoting healthy root development.
  3. Sandy soils derived from granitic bedrock: These soils originate from the degradation of granitic bedrock over time, resulting in sandy textures with varying degrees of fertility. While sandy soils may have lower water and nutrient retention capacities, they facilitate good drainage, preventing water accumulation around the roots and minimizing the risk of disease.

Conclusion:The Great Southern wine subregion's soils, predominantly clayey and lateritic sandy soils, along with sandy soils derived from granitic bedrock, contribute to the region's diverse terroir and the distinctive characteristics of its wines. From providing essential nutrients and water to influencing drainage and root development, these soils play a vital role in nurturing healthy vineyards and producing high-quality grapes.


The Great Southern wine subregion in Western Australia is renowned for its vast landscapes, diverse microclimates, and rich soils, making it an ideal setting for viticulture. This region is particularly famous for producing four major grape varieties: Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon, Riesling, and Chardonnay. Each of these grapes thrives in the unique environmental conditions offered by the Great Southern, contributing to the region's reputation in the wine industry.

  1. Shiraz: This is a versatile grape that adapts well to various climatic conditions, thriving in both the cooler and warmer parts of the Great Southern. It requires a balanced climate with warm days and cooler nights to slow the ripening process, allowing for the development of complexity in the grapes. Well-drained soils, such as the lateritic gravely and sandy loams found in Mount Barker, provide the ideal conditions for Shiraz, promoting concentrated flavors in the grapes.
  2. Cabernet Sauvignon: this red wine grape benefits from the cooler, maritime influence of the Great Southern, particularly in areas like Mount Barker and Frankland River. Cabernet Sauvignon needs a longer growing season to mature fully and develop its characteristic tannin structure. The region's cooler temperatures, combined with sufficient sunlight, ensure a slow and even ripening process. Cabernet Sauvignon prefers deep, well-drained soils that retain moisture during dry periods, which are prevalent in this wine region.
  3. Riesling: Riesling excels in the cooler climates of the Great Southern, with subregions like Porongurup and Mount Barker offering the perfect conditions. This grape variety requires a long, cool ripening period to develop its acidity and aromatic complexity. Riesling's preference for higher altitudes and cooler temperatures is met in the Great Southern, where the ancient, deep karri loams and granite-derived soils contribute to the distinctive mineral qualities of the wines produced.
  4. Chardonnay: Finally, Chardonnay is grown successfully in various parts of the Great Southern, benefiting from the region's ability to offer a range of microclimates. This varietal needs moderate temperatures with cool nights to maintain acidity and develop flavor complexity. The maritime influences of subregions like Albany provide the ideal environment for Chardonnay, with the ocean breezes moderating temperatures. The soils in these areas, rich in organic matter and with good drainage, support the balanced growth and ripening of Chardonnay grapes.

The Great Southern's diverse topography and climatic conditions create a unique terroir for each of these grape varieties, as well as for other grapes like Pinot Noir, influencing their growth patterns and the characteristics of the wines they produce. The region's commitment to quality viticulture, combined with its natural advantages, continues to elevate its status in the global wine industry.

The Great Southern wine region, nestled in the expansive landscapes of Western Australia, is celebrated for its diverse terroir and microclimates that nurture a variety of premium wines. Among the most distinguished wines from this region are Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon, Riesling, and Chardonnay, each embodying the unique characteristics imparted by the region's rich soils and climatic nuances. The aromatic and flavor profiles of these wines are a testament to the meticulous viticulture and winemaking practices prevalent in the Great Southern, offering a palette of experiences for wine enthusiasts around the globe.

  1. Shiraz: Shiraz from the Great Southern is recognized for its elegance and complexity. The cool climate of the region imparts a profile rich in spicy blackberry and plum fruits, alongside a subtle peppery nuance. The wine's texture is smooth, with a balanced acidity that complements its dark fruit flavors, making it a sophisticated choice for those who appreciate depth and refinement in their red wine.
  2. Cabernet Sauvignon: The Cabernet Sauvignon from this region stands out for its structured tannins and depth of flavor. A typical aromatic profile includes blackcurrant, eucalyptus, and hints of oak-derived vanilla and spice. On the palate, it presents a robust body with flavors of dark cherry, blackberry, and subtle earthy notes, culminating in a long, satisfying finish that mirrors its complex bouquet.
  3. Riesling: Riesling wines from the Great Southern are celebrated for their crispness and aromatic intensity. They often feature a bouquet of citrus blossom, lime, and green apple, with mineral undertones that reflect the region's terroir. The palate is marked by high acidity and vibrant citrus flavors, leading to a clean, refreshing finish. These wines are known for their ability to age gracefully, developing added complexity over time.
  4. Chardonnay: Chardonnay from the Great Southern showcases a spectrum of styles, from the lean and minerally to the rich and textured. The aromatic profile typically includes white peach, nectarine, and floral notes, with a hint of oak adding complexity and depth. On the palate, these wines are full-bodied, with a creamy texture and a balanced acidity that enhances the fruit flavors, leading to a persistent, elegant finish.

Each of these wines reflects the Great Southern's capacity to produce world-class expressions of these varietals, with a focus on quality and continuous improvement of the wines. Whether you're drawn to the bold and structured reds or the crisp and aromatic whites, the Great Southern wine region offers a rich array of choices that cater to every palate.