29° 24′ 47″ S


66° 51′ 21″ W




about this region

Nestled in the central-western part of Argentina, the Cuyo region, stretches across three provinces - La Rioja, San Juan, and Mendoza - each contributing to the rich tapestry of Argentina's winemaking heritage. This expansive region is characterized by its semi-arid climate, which is shaped by its unique geographical location between the Northwest Andean region to the north and the Patagonia and Atlantic region to the south. To the east, the province of San Luis borders the region, while the majestic Andes Mountain range provides a breathtaking backdrop to the west.

The semi-arid climate of the Cuyo region creates an ideal environment for grape production, with ample sunshine, minimal rainfall, and well-drained soils contributing to the development of high-quality grapes. This unique combination of factors has made the Cuyo region the backbone of Argentina's wine industry, with Mendoza emerging as the most important sub-region, accounting for an impressive 75.8% of the country's total wine production. Known for its picturesque vineyards, innovative winemaking techniques, and diverse terroir, Mendoza has earned international acclaim as a premier wine destination.

Meanwhile, San Juan stands as the second most significant region within the Cuyo region, contributing 15.86% to the national wine production. With its own distinct terroir and winemaking traditions, San Juan plays a crucial role in shaping the identity of Argentina's wine industry, offering a wide range of varietals and styles that reflect the region's unique characteristics.

The Cuyo region is undeniably a source of pride for Argentina, producing some of the world's most exceptional wines that showcase the country's winemaking prowess and passion for viticulture. From the bold and robust Malbec wines of Mendoza to the elegant and aromatic Torrontés wines of San Juan, each bottle tells a story of tradition, innovation, and terroir, inviting wine enthusiasts on a journey through the heart and soul of Argentina's winemaking heritage. As the Cuyo region continues to evolve and innovate, it remains a shining example of Argentina's commitment to producing wines of unparalleled quality and distinction.


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Vineyard Hectares




growing degree days

Discover Terroir

The Cuyo wine region is an expanse of vineyards that offers beautiful views, nestled in the center-west of Argentina, surrounded by a landscape of unparalleled natural beauty. Its ideal location is defined by the imposing presence of the Andes mountain range to the west, a majestic range that serves as a dramatic backdrop to the region's vineyards. These towering peaks not only provide a stunning visual spectacle but also play a crucial role in shaping the region's unique microclimate and terroir.

To the south, the Cuyo region is bordered by the vast expanse of Patagonia and the Atlantic region, where the landscape transitions from rugged mountain terrain to sprawling plains and coastal vistas. This diverse geography contributes to the region's rich tapestry of terroir, with each microclimate and soil type imparting its own distinct characteristics to the wines produced here.

To the north, the Cuyo region is adjacent to the North wine region, a fertile expanse of vineyards that extends into the heart of Argentina's wine country. This proximity to another renowned wine-producing area further enhances the region's reputation as a premier destination for viticulture and winemaking.

To the east, the Cuyo region is bordered by the province of San Luis, where the landscape transitions into rolling hills and fertile valleys. This juxtaposition of diverse landscapes creates a dynamic and vibrant wine-producing region, characterized by its rich cultural heritage and tradition of winemaking excellence.

Overall, the Cuyo wine region is a mesmerizing tapestry of natural wonders, where vineyards thrive amidst a backdrop of rugged mountains, fertile valleys, and sweeping plains. Its ideal location, bounded by the Andes Mountain to the west and surrounded by diverse geographical features, makes it a truly exceptional destination for wine enthusiasts seeking to explore the beauty and bounty of Argentina's winemaking heritage.

The climate of the Cuyo wine regions is a captivating tapestry woven with semi-arid nuances, intricately influenced by the imposing presence of the Andes Mountains and the high elevation of the vines over sea level. This region's climatic story is one of complexity and contrast, where the dance between scorching summers and chilly winters unfolds against a backdrop of stunning natural beauty.

During the summer months, the sun reigns supreme, generously bestowing up to 10 hours of radiant sunlight upon the vineyards each day. This abundance of solar energy fuels the ripening process, nurturing the grapes to perfection under its warm embrace. Meanwhile, the winters in Cuyo reveal a different facet of its character, as dry coldness settles in, accompanied by a more subdued 7-8 hours of daily sunshine. It's a time when the vines retreat into a dormant state, awaiting the gentle touch of spring to awaken them once more.

But it's not just the duration of sunlight that shapes the climate here; it's also the vast range of elevations that adds layers to the story. From the lowlands to the dizzying heights of nearly 7,000 meters, each altitude brings its own microclimate, painting a varied picture across the region.

In the lower lands of Mendoza, where the warmth of the sun is tempered by the altitude, mean annual temperatures hover between 18.2 to 18.7°C in the north, gradually tapering to a cooler 15°C in the south. Ascending to higher elevations unveils a different tale, with mean annual temperatures plummeting to a chilly −1.7°C in places like Cristo Redentor, contrasted with a more moderate 13.6°C elsewhere. This stark difference between the seasons creates a dynamic environment that challenges winemakers to adapt and innovate. San Juan, another jewel in Cuyo's crown, boasts its own unique climate tapestry, with mean annual temperatures ranging from a balmy 17.3°C in its bustling capital to a bracing −0.2°C in certain pockets. Meanwhile, in San Luis, the temperature spectrum spans from 15.8°C to 16.6°C, offering a glimpse into the region's climatic diversity.

Nestled within the embrace of the Sierras Pampeanas, shared by both San Juan and San Luis provinces, lies a sanctuary of milder temperatures, where the mean annual mercury levels gently sway between 12 to 18°C. It's a haven where nature's hand is evident in every breeze that rustles through the vineyards and every ray of sunlight that caresses the grapes.

Amidst this symphony of temperature variations, the Zonda wind emerges as a flamboyant soloist, known for its warm, dry embrace that can dramatically spike temperatures. This gusty phenomenon often pushes the mercury beyond 30°C, and on rare occasions, even surpasses the scorching 45°C mark during the summer months, creating moments of intense heat before the arrival of a cooling cold front.

Conversely, cold waves descending from the Andes carry frigid air from the south, sending temperatures plummeting below freezing during winter months. These chilling gusts, particularly pronounced at higher elevations, can bring the thermometer to bone-chilling lows of between −10 to −30°C, reminding both vines and winemakers alike of the raw power of nature.

In the heart of Cuyo's semi-arid climate, where the cool whispers of Andean winds mingle with the warm embrace of the sun, and the soil varies from alluvial and sandy in the lowlands to stony at higher elevations, lies an ideal environment for grape cultivation. This diverse terroir, nurtured by sustainable practices advocated by regional wine production programs, sets the stage for the cultivation of an array of grape varieties, each expressing its unique character in the wines produced here.

The Cuyo wine region of Argentina stands as a testament to the marriage of nature's bounty and human ingenuity, where exceptional wines are born from the intricate interplay of diverse soil types and climatic conditions. Among the defining features of Cuyo's viticultural landscape, the diverse soil compositions take center stage, shaping the character and quality of the wines produced in this esteemed region.

  1. Alluvial and Sandy Soils: As the lifeblood of the lower areas of the Cuyo wine region, particularly near rivers, alluvial and sandy soils lay the foundation for some of the most opulent and fruit-forward wines to grace the palate. Formed from the sediment deposited by the cascading waters originating from the majestic Andes Mountains, these soils boast a loose, well-drained texture that offers an ideal environment for vine roots to delve deep into the earth. This deep-rooted exploration enables the vines to access vital nutrients and moisture, even in the face of Cuyo's semi-arid climate. The result? Wines of undeniable richness, characterized by their bold fruit flavors and pronounced tannin textures, reflecting the inherent generosity of the land from which they spring.
  2. Stony Soils: Ascending to higher elevations within the Cuyo region, the landscape undergoes a transformative shift as stony soils take center stage. Comprising a medley of rocks and pebbles, these soils become the canvas upon which some of Cuyo's most elegant and complex wines are painted. Embracing the warmth of the sun by day and relinquishing it gently during the cool nights, stony soils orchestrate a delicate dance of diurnal temperature variation that nurtures the grapes to perfection. This natural rhythm not only helps to preserve acidity but also slows down the ripening process, fostering a gradual accumulation of flavors that culminate in wines of impeccable balance and depth. Furthermore, the superior drainage offered by stony soils minimizes the risk of waterlogging, compelling the vines to extend their roots in search of sustenance. This relentless pursuit of nourishment yields grapes of unparalleled intensity and concentration, infusing the wines with a luminous freshness and vibrant fruit expression that are the hallmark of high-altitude terroirs.

The Cuyo wine region of Argentina stands as a beacon of excellence in the world of viticulture, celebrated for its exceptional wines that reflect the region's diverse soil types and unique microclimates. From the alluvial plains nourished by the meandering rivers to the stony slopes that reach towards the heavens, each soil composition leaves an indelible imprint on the wines produced, contributing to their distinctive character and unrivaled quality. By delving into the nuances of Cuyo's soils, one gains a deeper appreciation for the artistry of winemaking and the profound influence of terroir on the final expression of the wine in the glass. Truly, in Cuyo, the soil is not just the foundation upon which the vines grow—it is the soul of the wine itself, infusing each bottle with a sense of place and a story waiting to be savored.


The Cuyo wine region, nestled in the heart of Argentina, is a viticultural paradise renowned for its production of exceptional wines. This region, comprising the provinces of Mendoza, San Juan, and parts of La Rioja, is blessed with a unique combination of geographical and climatic conditions that provide an ideal environment for the cultivation of various grape varieties. Among the myriad of grapes grown here, Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, Malbec, Torrontés Riojano, and Sauvignon Blanc are some of the most well known grapes from the region. Each of these grape varieties has specific agricultural and climatic requirements that contribute to the high-quality wine production for which the Cuyo region is famous.

  1. Cabernet Sauvignon: Cabernet Suavignon thrives in the warm, dry climate of the Cuyo region, particularly benefiting from the cool nights and hot days that ensure a slow, even ripening process. The Cabernet Sauvignon grape requires well-drained soils, with a preference for gravelly and sandy compositions that encourage deep root growth and stress the vines, leading to the production of concentrated flavors in the grapes. The region's low humidity reduces the risk of diseases, making it conducive for this variety to flourish.
  2. Syrah: Syrah finds a favorable environment in the diverse microclimates of Cuyo, where the temperature variations between day and night are significant. This grape variety is adaptable to a range of soil types but performs best in rocky, well-drained soils that can retain heat. The warm days of Cuyo help to develop the grape's deep color and tannins, while the cool nights ensure the maintenance of acidity, crucial for the balance of the wines produced from these grapes.
  3. Malbec: Malbec has become synonymous with Argentine wine, particularly flourishing in the Cuyo region. It prefers the high altitude vineyards of Mendoza and San Juan, where the intense sunlight and cool temperatures combine to create a long growing season. Malbec vines demand loose, well-drained soils, rich in minerals, to avoid water retention and encourage healthy root development. The climatic conditions of Cuyo, including minimal rainfall, allow for controlled stress on the Malbec vines, enhancing the flavor concentration and complexity of the grapes.
  4. Torrontés Riojano: Torrontés Riojano, an aromatic white grape variety, is uniquely adapted to the high-altitude vineyards of the Cuyo region. It thrives in the sandy and alluvial soils found here, which provide excellent drainage and moderate fertility. The intense sunlight and cool evening temperatures characteristic of this region contribute to the slow ripening of Torrontés Riojano, allowing for the development of its signature floral and fruity aromas. The grape variety requires careful water management to balance growth and concentrate flavors.
  5. Sauvignon Blanc: In Cuyo, Sauvignon Blanc is planted in cooler sites to take advantage of the variety's preference for lower temperatures, which help to preserve its natural acidity and freshness. The grape benefits from well-drained soils, particularly those with high mineral content, which can contribute to the complexity and minerality of the wine. The climatic requirement for Sauvignon Blanc includes consistent sunlight during the day and cool breezes at night, conditions that are typical of certain areas within the Cuyo region. This microclimate helps to maintain the grape's aromatic qualities while ensuring a balanced ripening process.

The Cuyo wine region's distinct climatic and geographical diversity offers an exceptional terroir for the cultivation of these varied grape varieties. Each grape brings its own set of requirements to the table, but together, they contribute to the rich tapestry of wines that originate from this illustrious Argentine wine region.

The Cuyo region of Argentina is a viticultural powerhouse, renowned globally for producing some of the most distinctive and cherished wines. Nestled in the western part of the country, at the foothills of the Andes Mountains, this area benefits from a combination of high altitude, a dry climate, and ample sunshine, creating ideal conditions for vine cultivation. Among the myriad varietals produced here, this region is well known for three signature wines: the Cabernet Sauvignon and Malbec red wines and the Torrontés Riojano white wines. Each of these wines offers a unique sensory journey, deeply influenced by the terroir of Cuyo, and showcases the region's ability to produce wines that compete on the world stage.

  1. Cabernet Sauvignon: the Cabernet Sauvignon from Cuyo is a bold and robust red wine that carries the hallmark of its varietal identity with a unique regional twist. The wine typically presents a deep ruby color and a complex aromatic profile. On the nose, this red wine often exudes rich aromas of blackcurrant, plum, and cherry, complemented by subtle hints of green bell pepper and a touch of mint, reflecting the cool nights of the high-altitude vineyards. The oak aging process adds layers of vanilla, tobacco, and spice, creating a well-rounded bouquet. On the palate, Cuyo's Cabernet Sauvignon is full-bodied with a firm tannin structure, offering flavors that echo its aromatic profile. The wine's acidity is well balanced, leading to a lingering finish that further accentuates its spice and fruit notes. This varietal thrives in the region's terroir, producing wines that are both powerful and elegant, with an aging potential that promises further complexity over time.
  2. Malbec: Malbec is arguably the flagship grape of Argentina, and Cuyo's rendition of these red wines has played a pivotal role in elevating the country's winemaking reputation. Malbec from Cuyo is celebrated for its intense violet hue and a palate that is both rich and smooth. The aroma of this red wine is a delightful blend of ripe fruits such as blackberry, plum, and raspberry, infused with floral notes of violet and lavender, characteristic of the Malbec wines. The aging process in oak barrels introduces nuances of chocolate, vanilla, and leather, adding depth and complexity to the aroma of these red wines. On the palate, Malbec red wines are medium to full-bodied, with velvety tannins and a moderate acidity that ensures a well-balanced mouthfeel. The fruit flavors are pronounced, often accompanied by a hint of sweet spice and a subtle mineral undertone, reflective of Cuyo's diverse soils. Malbec from this region is accessible yet sophisticated, offering a harmonious blend of flavors that resonate with a wide range of wine enthusiasts.
  3. Torrontés Riojano: Although Cuyo is most renowned for its red wine production, Torrontés Riojano is a white wine that expresses the particular terroir of Cuyo. This varietal shows a highly aromatic profile, drawing one in with floral scents of rose, jasmine, and geranium, intertwined with fruity notes of peach, lemon, and melon. The aromatic intensity of Torrontés Riojano is unmatched, making it instantly recognizable. On the palate, the wine is light to medium-bodied, with a refreshing acidity that balances its inherent floral and fruity sweetness. There's often a hint of minerality or a slight saline touch, reflecting the unique soil composition of the vineyards. Torrontés Riojano is a versatile wine that can range from dry to slightly sweet, catering to a variety of taste preferences. It's the quintessence of a summer wine, offering a crisp, invigorating sip that pairs wonderfully with a wide array of cuisines, particularly those with a spicy or aromatic profile.

The wines of Cuyo, through their diverse flavor profiles and aromatic bouquets, offer a fascinating glimpse into the region's rich viticultural heritage. From the robust intensity of Cabernet Sauvignon and Malbec to the delicate floral notes of Torrontés Riojano, these wines, as well as toher wines of the region like Cabernet Franc, encapsulate the essence of the Argentine terroir, marking Cuyo as a region of exceptional winemaking prowess.


1215 m


167 mm


The main soils in the Cuyo region are alluvial and sandy soils, as well as stony soils

top varietal

Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, Malbec, Torrontés Riojano and Sauvignon Blanc

History of wine

The winemaking tradition in the Cuyo region of Argentina is deeply rooted in history, dating back to the 16th century. The earliest records of winemaking in the region date between 1556 and 1561, marking the beginning of a legacy that would shape Argentina's viticultural landscape for centuries to come. However, it wasn't until the mid-19th century that the region truly began to flourish, thanks in part to the pioneering efforts of French agronomist Michel Aimé Pouget.

In 1853, Pouget planted the first Malbec vines in Mendoza, introducing a varietal that would become synonymous with Argentine wine production. This pivotal moment marked the beginning of Mendoza's ascent as the heartland of Argentina's winemaking industry, setting the stage for decades of growth and innovation.

The development of rail travel in 1885 further propelled the wine industry forward, facilitating the transportation of grapes and wine across the region and beyond. This newfound connectivity enabled Mendoza to solidify its position as a leading wine-producing region, attracting investment and expertise from around the world.

In 1914, the Mendoza Wine Society was founded, providing a platform for winemakers to collaborate, share knowledge, and promote the region's wines. This collaborative spirit laid the foundation for further advancements in winemaking techniques and quality standards.

Meanwhile, in 1930, an association was created to promote the production of San Juan wine, recognizing the potential of this neighboring region to contribute to Argentina's burgeoning wine industry. This focus on regional development and collaboration would prove instrumental in expanding the country's winemaking footprint.

In 1935, the Presidency took a significant step towards regulating the wine industry by creating the Wine Regulatory Board. This governing body was tasked with establishing standards and regulations to ensure the quality and authenticity of Argentine wines, safeguarding the reputation of the country's viticultural heritage.

The establishment of the National Institute of Winemaking in 1959 further underscored Argentina's commitment to excellence in winemaking. This institute played a crucial role in advancing research, education, and innovation within the industry, driving continuous improvement and fostering a culture of excellence among winemakers.

In 2004, the Province of La Rioja made its first important progress in the wine industry with the creation of the Geographical Indication (GI) Famatina Valley. This designation highlighted the unique terroir and quality of wines produced in the region, paving the way for increased recognition and investment in La Rioja's burgeoning wine sector.

Collectively, these milestones represent the rich tapestry of history and innovation that defines the Cuyo region's winemaking tradition. From humble beginnings to global acclaim, the journey of Argentina's wine industry is a testament to the resilience, passion, and ingenuity of its people.