Friuli-Venezia Giulia

Friuli-Venezia Giulia

46° 13' 33.3048" N


13° 6' 12.114" E




about this region

Friuli-Venezia Giulia is the northeastern Italian region, bounded by the borders with Austria and Slovenia. This region is well known for its white wine production, representing 77% of the total output.  

Friuli-Venezia Giulia has a wide variety of climatic conditions, which modify the characteristics of the wine produced. For example, wines produced in the north, which has a cool climate, will be fresh.

Regarding terrain, the most crucial influence on Friuli-Venezia Giulia's vineyards is its position between the Alps and the Adriatic. The mountainous topography in the north and east means that many vineyards are located in elevated conditions. This gives them great exposure to sunlight at moderate temperatures, resulting in riper, more aromatic grapes before reaching maximum sugar levels.

The most cultivated grape in Friuli-Venezia Giulia is the white Friulano grape, also known as Sauvignon Vert. In contrast, the most cultivated red grape varieties are Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso and Schioppettino.



Vineyard Hectares




growing degree days

Discover Terroir

This region is located in northeastern Italy, between the Alps and the Adriatic Sea. It is bordered by Austria and Slovenia.

This wine region has 2 types of climates:

On the one hand, in the south, the climate is Mediterranean, with more temperate temperatures.

On the other hand, in the north, the climate is alpine continental, with cooler temperatures.

In terms of soils, there is great diversity within the region:

For example, the soils are alluvial in regions closer to rivers, such as Friuli Grave.

On the other hand, regions such as Carso or Friuli Colli Orientali have soils with more presence of rocks or stones.


Most Planted Red Grapes Varieties: Merlot, Schioppettino

Most Planted White Grapes Varieties: Friulano

The most popular wines of this wine region are made with the grape varieties Merlot, Schioppettino and Friulano.

Merlot: This variety is widely used in most DOCs, except for the DOC Prosecco. It is highly appreciated because it produces wines that are easy to drink, with low levels of tannins and a flavour profile of fruits such as plum or black cherry.

Schioppettino: This variety is widely cultivated in the Friuli Colli Orientali and Friuli Isonzo DOCs. Usually, the wines produced with this variety have a medium body. In addition, the profile of these wines is aromatic on the nose, with notes of red berries and violets, and spicy on the palate, with peppery and earthy notes.

Friulano: This variety produces wines under many DOCs, such as Lison Pramaggiore, Friuli Isonzo or Friuli Colli Orientali. The wines produced with this variety stand out for their great natural acidity and medium body. In addition, their flavour profile includes fruity notes of grapefruit and pear or herbal notes of tarragon


50 - 300 m


800 - 1,200 mm


Alluvial and Stony Soils

top varietal

Merlot, Schioppettino, Friulano

History of wine

From 1382, Friuli Venezia-Giulia was ruled by the House of Habsburg, and during their reign, French grape varieties were introduced. However, the impact of phylloxera in Italy during the 19th century left its mark on Friuli Venezia Giulia.  

For this region, which had more than 350 grape varieties before the epidemic, phylloxera caused economic damage, which would take a long time to recover.  This situation only began to be reversed in 1968 and 1970, when the regions of Collio Goriziano first and Friuli Grave later received DOC status. But Friuli-Venezia Giulia's great popularity came between the 1980s and 1990s, thanks to the high demand achieved by the Pinot Grigio variety grown in the region. Finally, the last two regions to receive DOC status so far were Friuli and Delle Venezie in 2016 and 2017, respectively.